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{{USA's historie}}
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Denne artikel dækker '''USA's historie''' fra 1918 til 1945, '''1. verdenskrig''', '''Depressionen''' og '''2. verdenskrig'''.
==Overblik over perioden==
Senatet ratificerede ikke [[Versailles-freden|Versailles traktaten]] pålagt, af deres allierede partnere, de besejrede [[Centralmagterne|Centralmagter]]; istedet underskrev USA seperate fredsaftaler med Tyskland og dets allierede. {{uoversat-start}}Disillusioned by the failure of the peace conference to achieve high ideals, the American people chose to act independently in foreign affairs. The nation was very active internationally in the 1920s, but its refusal to join the [[League of Nations|League]] presaged the [[isolationism]] of the 1930s.
In 1920, the manufacture, sale, import and export of alcohol was prohibited by an amendment to the [[United States Constitution]]. [[Prohibition]] ended in 1933 by another change to the constitution: it is considered to have been a failure.
During most of the 1920s, the United States enjoyed a period of sustained prosperity. Most sectors did very well, except for agriculture, which suffered after the bubble of high prices and skyrocketing land prices burst in 1920. Prices were stable and GNP grew at an annual rate of 3.2% from 1918 to 1945. Money earnings (after taking inflation, unemployment and short hours and into account) of all employees doubled over 1918-45. Setting 1918 as 100, the index went to 112 in 1923, 122 in 1929, 81 in 1933 (the low point) 116 in 1940, and 198 in 1945. Rural areas lost population to nearby towns and cities, made nearer by the rapid growth in automobile usage. Urban areas saw dramatic improvements in housing and urban planning. The boom saw an extension of credit to a dangerous degree, including in the [[Stock Market]], which rose to dangerously inflated levels.
The [[Wall Street Crash of 1929]] and the ensuing [[Great Depression]] led to government efforts to re-start the economy and help its victims. The recovery, however, was very slow. The nadir of the Great Depression was in 1933, but the economy showed very little improvement through the end of the decade, and remained grim until the increase in U.S. military spending leading up to [[World War II]]. Real wages did not surpass 1929 levels until 1941.
By 1939, isolationist sentiment in America had ebbed, but the United States at first declined to enter the war, limiting itself to giving supplies and weapons to [[United Kingdom|Britain]], [[Nationalist China]], and the [[Soviet Union]]. After the sudden Japanese [[Battle of Pearl Harbor|attack on Pearl Harbor]], the United States quickly joined the British-Soviet alliance against [[Imperial Japan]], [[Fascist Italy]], and [[Nazi Germany]], known as the "[[Axis Powers]]". Even with U.S. participation, it took nearly four more years to defeat Germany and Japan.{{uoversat-slut}}
[[Kategori:USA's historie|1918-1945]]