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{{Infoboks flod | wikidata = alle | ingen_wikidata =
| Q = Q1421409 Q1428816
| flodnavn = FitzroyFlinders River
| indfødtnavn = [[Dharumbal sprog|Dharumbal]]: Toonooba
| billede = Fitzroy_River_RockhamptonStateLibQld 1 164135 Flooding of the Flinders River at Hughenden, January 1917.jpg
| billedtekst = FitzroyOversvømmet Flinders River ved [[Rockhampton]]Hughenden, januar 1917
| andre_navne =
| etymologi =
| kommuner =
<!-- Flodlejets kendetegn -->
| udspring = SammenløbetBurra afRange, [[DawsonGreat River]]Dividing og [[Mackenzie River (Queensland){{!}}Range]]
| udspring_sted = Reedy Springs
| udspringshøjde = 816 m
|udsp_lat_d= 2320|udsp_lat_m= 3738 |udsp_lat_s=3932 |udsp_lat_NS= S
|udsp_long_d= 149142 |udsp_long_m=4652 |udsp_long_s=114 |udsp_long_EW= E
|udsp_landiso= AU_type:river
| udmunding = [[KoralhavetCarpentariabugten]]
| udløb_sted = TætVest vedfor [[Port Alma (Queensland)Karumba]]
| udmundingshøjde = 0
|udløb_lat_d= 2317 |udløb_lat_m= 3235 |udløb_lat_s= 1559 |udløb_lat_NS= S
|udløb_long_d= 150140 |udløb_long_m= 5335|udløb_long_s= 1344|udløb_long_EW= E
|udløb_landiso= AU_type:river
| primærkilde =
| vartegn =
| befolkning =
| bifloder_venstre = Cloncurry River, Corella River, Bynoe River
| bifloder_højre = Saxby River
| søer =
| vandfald =
| broer =
| havne =
| byer = [[Rockhampton]]
| sluser =
| benyttes af (bådtyper) =
| forbinder =
<!-- Fysiske kendetegn -->
| længde = 4801.004 km
| bredde =
| dybde =
| mindste højde o.h. =
| kildekonfluens =
| vandmængde = 187122.2 m³/s
| målested =
| afvandingsområde =
| afvandingsareal = 142109.665000 km²
| tidszone =
| andet =
| landkort = Australien
}}
 
The '''Flinders River''' is the longest river in [[Queensland]], Australia, at approximately {{convert|1004|km|mi}}.<ref name=ga/> It was named in honour of the explorer [[Matthew Flinders]]. The catchment is sparsely populated and mostly undeveloped. The Flinders rises on the western slopes of the [[Great Dividing Range]] in [[North West Queensland]] and flows generally north-west through the [[Gulf Country]], across a large, flat clay pan, before entering the [[Gulf of Carpentaria]].
 
'''Fitzroy River''' er en flod i det centrale [[Queensland]] i [[Australien]]. På det lokale aboriginske sprog ([[Darumbal language|Darumbal]] hedder den '''''Toonooba'''''.<ref name=QPN/> Afvandingsområdet dækker et areal på 142.665 km2, hvilket er det største på den australske østkyst.<ref name=FBA/>
 
==Geografi==
The River rises in the Burra Range, part of the Great Dividing Range,<ref name=sgc>{{cite web|url=http://www.southerngulf.com.au/page/The%20Land|title=The Land - Overview|accessdate=30 May 2015|publisher=Southern Gulf Catchments|url-status=dead|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150411090436/http://www.southerngulf.com.au/page/The%20Land|archivedate=11 April 2015|df=dmy-all}}</ref> {{convert|110|km|mi|0}} north-east of [[Hughenden, Queensland|Hughenden]] and flows in a westerly direction past Hughenden, [[Richmond, Queensland|Richmond]] and [[Julia Creek, Queensland|Julia Creek]], then north-west to the Gulf of Carpentaria {{convert|25|km|mi|abbr=on}} west of {{QLDcity|Karumba}}. The catchment is bordered to the south by the [[Selwyn Range (Australia)|Selwyn Range]].
 
At {{convert|1004|km|mi|0}} in length, it is the eighth-longest river in Australia.<ref name=ga>{{cite web |url=http://www.ga.gov.au/education/geoscience-basics/landforms/longest-rivers.html |title=Longest Rivers |date=18 November 2010 |work=Geoscience Australia |publisher=Commonwealth of Australia |accessdate=3 July 2011 |archive-url=https://www.webcitation.org/65AXP9Mjz?url=http://www.ga.gov.au/education/geoscience-basics/landforms/longest-rivers.html |archive-date=3 February 2012 |url-status=live |df=dmy-all }}</ref> The catchment covers {{convert|109000|km2}}.<ref name="fwfr">{{cite web |url=http://www.bom.gov.au/hydro/flood/qld/brochures/flinders/flinders.shtml |title=Flood Warning System For The Flinders River |publisher=Bureau of Meteorology |accessdate=3 July 2011 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110603055844/http://www.bom.gov.au/hydro/flood/qld/brochures/flinders/flinders.shtml |archive-date=3 June 2011 |url-status=live |df=dmy-all }}</ref> The primary land use in the catchment is grazing<ref name="anraov">{{cite web |url=http://www.anra.gov.au/topics/water/overview/qld/basin-flinders-river.html |title=Water resources - Overview - Queensland: Flinders River |work=Australian Natural Resources Atlas |publisher=Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities |accessdate=3 July 2011 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110602075659/http://www.anra.gov.au/topics/water/overview/qld/basin-flinders-river.html |archivedate=2 June 2011 |df=dmy-all }}</ref> and other agriculture, the catchment covers 1.5% of the continent.<ref name=ABCFR>{{cite web|url=http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2013/s3692320.htm|title=From cattle country to crops: Flinders River moratorium lifted|date=18 February 2013|accessdate=30 May 2015|publisher=[[Australian Broadcasting Corporation]]|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20151220034422/http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2013/s3692320.htm|archive-date=20 December 2015|url-status=live|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
A total of 36 [[tributary|tributaries]] flow into the Flinders,<ref name=bonzle/> the principal ones being the [[Cloncurry River|Cloncurry]], [[Saxby River|Saxby]] and the [[Corella River|Corella]] rivers.<ref name="fwfr"/> Another major tributary is Porcupine Creek, which has carved out a dramatic gorge located in the [[Porcupine Gorge National Park]].<ref name="naq">{{cite book |title=Natural Areas of Queensland |last=Shilton |first=Peter |year=2005 |publisher=Goldpress |location=Mount Gravatt, Queensland |isbn=0-9758275-0-2 |page=256 }}<!--|accessdate=3 July 2011--></ref> There are two dams on the river - the Flinders River Dam and [[Corella Dam]].<ref name="anraov"/> Other smaller tributaries include: Range Creek, Morepork Creek, Oxley Creek, Canterbury Creek, Dutton River, Back Valley Creek, L-Tree Creek, Gorman Creek, Hazlewood Creek, Nonda Creek, Eurimpy Creek, Yambore Creek, [[Bynoe River]] and Armstrong Creek. The river flows through one permanent waterhole, Flagstone waterhole.<ref name=bonzle/>
 
Several towns are located within the catchment including: [[McKinlay, Queensland|McKinlay]], Burke and Wills Junction, Hughenden, Richmond, Julia Creek and [[Cloncurry, Queensland|Cloncurry]].<ref name=sgc/>
 
The river has a mean annual discharge of {{convert|3857|GL|impgal USgal|sigfig=3}}.<ref name=sgc/> The maximum flow recorded is {{convert|18000|GL|impgal USgal|sigfig=3}}.<ref name=Griff>{{cite web|url=http://www98.griffith.edu.au/dspace/bitstream/handle/10072/41009/71740_1.pdf?sequence=1|author=Alisha Steward|title=Terrestrial invertebrates of dry river beds are not simply subsets of riparian assemblages|accessdate=31 May 2015|publisher=[[Griffith University]]|display-authors=etal|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160330121540/http://www98.griffith.edu.au/dspace/bitstream/handle/10072/41009/71740_1.pdf?sequence=1|archive-date=30 March 2016|url-status=live|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
The riverbed is composed of silt with clay and sand, sand and gravel, and gravel with cobble.<ref name=Griff/> A large, flat clay pan is located in the area where the Flinders, [[Gregory River (Australia)|Gregory]] and [[Leichhardt River]]s enter the Gulf. The mouth of the river lies in the [[Gulf Plains Important Bird Area]].<ref>BirdLife International (2011) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gulf Plains. Downloaded from {{cite web |url=http://www.birdlife.org |title=Archived copy |accessdate=2013-04-13 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5QE8rvIqH?url=http://www.birdlife.org/ |archivedate=10 July 2007 |df=dmy }} on 01/07/2011</ref>
 
In 2015, the population living within the catchment was 6,600.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.track.org.au/catchments/flinders|title=Flinders River catchment|accessdate=30 May 2015|publisher=TRaCK|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160714180324/http://www.track.org.au/catchments/flinders|archive-date=14 July 2016|url-status=dead|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
Fitzroy River begynder nær [[Duaringa, Queensland|Duaringa]]<ref name="qlddams">{{cite book|title=Queensland Dams|last=Harrison|first=Rod|author2=James, Ernie|author3=Sully, Chris|author4=Classon, Bill|author5=Eckermann, Joy|publisher=Australian Fishing Network|year=2008|isbn=978-1-86513-134-4|location=[[Bayswater, Victoria]]|pages=157}}</ref>, hvor floderne [[Mackenzie River (Queensland)|Mackenzie]] og [[Dawson River (Queensland)|Dawson]] løber sammen. Mackenzie River afvander bjergkæden [[Expedition Range]] mod nord, og Dawson afvander bjergkæden [[Carnarvon Range]] mod syd. Fitzroy River løber først mod øst og derefter mod nord nær [[Goodedulla National Park]]. Floden drejer derefter mod øst syd for Lake Learmouth State Forest og derefter parallelt med [[Bruce Highway]] gennem Yaamba før den drejer mod syd til Rockhampton, hvor Bruce Highway krydser floden. Efter Rockhampton løber floden mod sydøst forbi Berserker Range og Humbug Point til syd for Flat Top Range for endelig at løbe ud i [[Keppel Bay]] i [[Koralhavet]] nær MacKenzie Island Conservation Park.<ref name="bonzle" />
 
 
==Flora og fauna==
Vegetation along the river in the upper catchment includes [[riparian]] woodlands composed of paperbarks including; ''[[Melaleuca argentea]]'', ''[[Melaleuca bracteata]]'' and ''[[Melaleuca fluviatilis]]'' and sub-dominant eucalypts including [[Eucalyptus camaldulensis|River Red Gum]], [[Eucalyptus coolabah|Coolabah]], with minor [[Lysiphyllum cunninghamii|Bauhinia]]. Other species found include the [[Acacia salicina|wattle]]. Infestations of weeds such as [[Acacia nilotica|Prickly acacia]], Noogoora burr, Rubber vine and [[Zizyphus mauritiana|Chonky apple]] are also found.<ref name=RD>{{cite web|url=https://research.jcu.edu.au/tropwater/resources/98%2012%20Rchmdam.pdf|title=Richmond Dam and irrigation development proposal ecological issues|date=July 1998|accessdate=31 May 2015|author=Tait, Jim|publisher=[[James Cook University]]|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160304030023/https://research.jcu.edu.au/tropwater/resources/98%2012%20Rchmdam.pdf|archive-date=4 March 2016|url-status=live|df=dmy-all}}</ref> The understorey is dominated by a closed cover of riparian grasses including native couch on the sandy loams adjacent the stream channels.
 
[[File:Mangrove Honeyeater Decept.Bay Dec06.jpg|thumb|Mangrovehonningæder|alt=]]
I de nedre dele af floden lever der [[Deltakrokodille|saltvandskrokodiller]]. Krokodillerne er fredet, og bestanden er i fremgang. I september 2017 blev en 5,2 meter lang krokodille fundet skudt - ulovligt - ved Rockhampton. <ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.australiangeographic.com.au/news/2017/09/a-huge-52-m-crocodile-has-been-shot-dead-in-queensland/|title=A huge 5.2 m crocodile has been shot dead in Queensland|date=22. september 2017|website=Australian Geographic|access-date=12. oktober 2020}}</ref>
 
==Historie==
De oprindelige beboere omkring Fitzroy River er [[Darumbal]]-stammen, specielt klanerne Baiali<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ausanthrop.net/resources/ausanthrop_db/detail.php?id_search=28|title=Baiali|accessdate=25. juni 2015|work=AusAnthrop Australian Aboriginal tribal database|publisher=Ausanthrop|date=}}</ref> og Jetimarala.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ausanthrop.net/resources/ausanthrop_db/detail.php?id_search=163|title=Jetimarala|accessdate=25. juni 2015|work=AusAnthrop Australian Aboriginal tribal database|publisher=Ausanthrop|date=}}</ref> De kalder floden Toonooba.
 
Floden fik sit engelske navn af de europæiske bosættere Charles og William Archer 4. maj 1853 til ære for [[Charles Augustus FitzRoy|Charles FitzRoy]], den daværende guvernør i New South Wales (Queensland blev først en separat koloni i 1859).<ref name="QPN">{{cite web|url=https://www.dnrme.qld.gov.au/qld/environment/land/place-names/search#/search=Fitzroy_River&types=0&place=Fitzroy_River__Toonooba_12565|title=12565|accessdate=13. oktober 2020|work=Queensland place names|publisher=Queensland Government|date=}}</ref> Den kendte bådebygger [[Colin Archer]], bror til Charles og William, var den første europæer, der vides at have sejlet op af floden.
 
[[File:StateLibQld_1_237323_View_on_the_Fitzroy_River.jpg | thumb|alt=|Sejlskibet Sunbeam på Fitzroy River, ca. 1887.]]
 
Byen Rockhampton ligger ved floden 40 kilometer fra kysten. I det 19. og starten af det 20. århundrede var den en vigtig havneby, selv om klipper forhindrede sejlads længere op af Fitzroy River. Efterhånden som skibene blev større, blev der mindre kommerciel trafik på floden, og i dag er det kun lystbåde og mindre fiskerbåde, som benytter floden.<ref>{{cite book|title=Rockhampton: A History of City and District|author=McDonald L.|first=|date=1981|publisher=[[University of Queensland Press]]|year=|isbn=0-7022-1620-8|location=St Lucia|pages=}}</ref> Kajanlæggene, som lå langs hele Rockhampton, er næsten alle sammen gået til eller er blevet flyttet. [[Port Alma, Queensland|Port Alma]], i Fitzroy Rivers delta, er nu [[Rockhampton|Rockhamptons]] nærmeste havn.
 
Ejendommen [[Glenmore Homestead]] blev bygget i 1858 på den nordlige flodbred syv kilometer nordvest for Rockhampton. Det er registreret som bevaringsværdigt i [[Queensland Heritage Register]] og er i dag en turistattraktion.<ref name="chims">{{Cite web|url=https://apps.des.qld.gov.au/heritage-register/detail/?id=600823|title=Glenmore Homestead|date=|website=Queensland Heritage Register|access-date=15. oktober 2020}}</ref>
 
Fitzroy River bliver i Rockhampton benyttet til mange fritidsaktiviteter. Rockhampton Ski Gardens på Fitzroy River, lidt længere oppe af floden end [[Fitzroy River Barrage (Queensland)|Fitzroy River Barrage]], bruges af lokale sportsklubber til vandski, [[Dragebåd|dragebåde]] og roning.<ref>[http://rockhamptonwaterski.org.au/club/ About Us], Rockhampton Water Ski Club website. Hentet 29. marts 2018.</ref><ref>[http://www.kickstartcq.com.au/16002 Sporting Clubs: Dragon Boat] Kickstart CQ website. Hentet 29. marts 2018.</ref><ref>Hinchcliffe, Jessica [http://www.abc.net.au/local/stories/2008/05/02/2233906.htm Fitzroy River to host rowing Masters], ABC Capricornia, 2. maj 2008. Hentet 29. marts 2018.</ref> Rockhamptons årlige halvmarathon [[Rocky River Run]] løbes langs Fitzroy River.<ref>Smith, Leighton [https://www.themorningbulletin.com.au/news/rocky-river-run-a-rippa-day-out-for-great-cause/3183157 Rocky River Run a rippa day out for great cause], ''The Morning Bulletin'', 29. maj 2017. Hentet 28. marts 2018.</ref> Den årlige fiskekonkurrence, Barra Bounty, er endnu et arrangement ved Fitzroy River i Rockhampton.<ref>Conway-Dodd, Zhanae [https://www.themorningbulletin.com.au/news/whopper-barra-second-biggest-in-comps-19-year-hist/3251638 Whopper barra second biggest in comp's 19 year history], ''The Morning Bulletin'', 29. oktober 2017. Hentet 29. marts 2018.</ref> Byen fejrer også Fitzroy River hvert år med Rockhampton River Festival.<ref>[https://www.rockhamptonregion.qld.gov.au/CommunityEvents/Major-Council-Events/Rockhampton-River-Festival-2018 Major Council Events: Rockhampton River Festival 2018], Rockhampton Regional Council website. Hentet 29. marts 2018.</ref>
 
==Referencer==
{{Reflist}}
 
==Eksterne henvisninger==
{{commons category|Fitzroy River, Queensland}}
*[http://www.bom.gov.au/hydro/flood/qld/brochures/fitzroy/map.shtml Map of the Fitzroy River catchment area, from Australia's Bureau of Meteorology]
*{{cite map |url=https://www.dnrm.qld.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0018/104058/fitzroy-plan-area-map.pdf |title=Fitzroy Basin water planning area |publisher=Department of Natural Resources and Mines, [[Queensland Government]] |date=11 September 2015 }}
* {{cite web |url=http://www.fba.org.au/fitzroy-basin/ |title=Fitzroy Basin |publisher=Fitzroy Basin Association }}
* {{cite web |url=http://www.frcc.org.au/ |title=Helping protect Queensland’s largest catchment |publisher=Fitzroy River and Coastal Catchments Inc. }}
 
{{Autoritetsdata}}
{{coord wd|type=river}}
[[Kategori:Floder i Australien]]
[[Kategori:Queensland]]
 
 
 
 
{{Use dmy dates|date=May 2015}}
{{Use Australian English|date=May 2015}}
{{Infobox river
| name = Flinders
| name_native =
| name_native_lang =
| name_other =
| name_etymology = In honour of [[Matthew Flinders]]
<!---------------------- IMAGE & MAP -->
| image = StateLibQld 1 164135 Flooding of the Flinders River at Hughenden, January 1917.jpg
| image_size = 280
| image_caption = Flooding of the Flinders River at Hughenden, January 1917
| map =
| map_size =
| map_caption =
| pushpin_map = Australia Queensland
| pushpin_map_size =
| pushpin_map_caption= Location of Flinders River [[river mouth|mouth]] in Queensland
<!---------------------- LOCATION -->
| subdivision_type1 = Country
| subdivision_name1 = [[Australia]]
| subdivision_type2 = [[States and territories of Australia|State]]
| subdivision_name2 = [[Queensland]]
| subdivision_type3 = [[Regions of Queensland|Region]]
| subdivision_name3 = [[North West Queensland]], [[Gulf Country]]
| subdivision_type4 =
| subdivision_name4 =
| subdivision_type5 = Settlements
| subdivision_name5 = {{QLDcity|McKinlay}}, {{QLDcity|Hughenden}}, {{QLDcity|Richmond}}, {{QLDcity|Julia Creek}}, {{QLDcity|Cloncurry}}, Burke and Wills Junction
<!---------------------- PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS -->
| length = {{convert|1004|km|mi|abbr=on}}
| width_min =
| width_avg =
| width_max =
| depth_min =
| depth_avg =
| depth_max =
| discharge1_location=
| discharge1_min =
| discharge1_avg = {{convert|122.2|m3/s|cuft/s|abbr=on}}
| discharge1_max = {{convert|570.2|m3/s|cuft/s|abbr=on}}
<!---------------------- BASIN FEATURES -->
| source1 = Burra Range, [[Great Dividing Range]]
| source1_location = Reedy Springs
| source1_coordinates=
| source1_elevation = {{convert|816|m|abbr=on}}
| mouth = [[Gulf of Carpentaria]]
| mouth_location = west of {{QLDcity|Karumba}}
| mouth_coordinates = {{coord|17|35|59|S|140|35|44|E|display=inline,title}}
| mouth_elevation = {{convert|0|m|abbr=on}}
| progression =
| river_system =
| basin_size = {{convert|109000|km2|abbr=on}}
| tributaries_left = [[Cloncurry River]], Corella River, [[Bynoe River]]
| tributaries_right = [[Saxby River]]
| custom_label =
| custom_data =
| extra = <ref name=bonzle>{{cite web|url=http://www.bonzle.com/c/a?a=p&p=214737&cmd=sp|title=Map of Flinders River, QLD|year=2015|accessdate=30 May 2015|work=Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100204200533/http://bonzle.com/c/a?a=p&p=214737&cmd=sp|archive-date=4 February 2010|url-status=live|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
}}
The '''Flinders River''' is the longest river in [[Queensland]], Australia, at approximately {{convert|1004|km|mi}}.<ref name=ga/> It was named in honour of the explorer [[Matthew Flinders]]. The catchment is sparsely populated and mostly undeveloped. The Flinders rises on the western slopes of the [[Great Dividing Range]] in [[North West Queensland]] and flows generally north-west through the [[Gulf Country]], across a large, flat clay pan, before entering the [[Gulf of Carpentaria]].
 
==Course and features==
The River rises in the Burra Range, part of the Great Dividing Range,<ref name=sgc>{{cite web|url=http://www.southerngulf.com.au/page/The%20Land|title=The Land - Overview|accessdate=30 May 2015|publisher=Southern Gulf Catchments|url-status=dead|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150411090436/http://www.southerngulf.com.au/page/The%20Land|archivedate=11 April 2015|df=dmy-all}}</ref> {{convert|110|km|mi|0}} north-east of [[Hughenden, Queensland|Hughenden]] and flows in a westerly direction past Hughenden, [[Richmond, Queensland|Richmond]] and [[Julia Creek, Queensland|Julia Creek]], then north-west to the Gulf of Carpentaria {{convert|25|km|mi|abbr=on}} west of {{QLDcity|Karumba}}. The catchment is bordered to the south by the [[Selwyn Range (Australia)|Selwyn Range]].
 
At {{convert|1004|km|mi|0}} in length, it is the eighth-longest river in Australia.<ref name=ga>{{cite web |url=http://www.ga.gov.au/education/geoscience-basics/landforms/longest-rivers.html |title=Longest Rivers |date=18 November 2010 |work=Geoscience Australia |publisher=Commonwealth of Australia |accessdate=3 July 2011 |archive-url=https://www.webcitation.org/65AXP9Mjz?url=http://www.ga.gov.au/education/geoscience-basics/landforms/longest-rivers.html |archive-date=3 February 2012 |url-status=live |df=dmy-all }}</ref> The catchment covers {{convert|109000|km2}}.<ref name="fwfr">{{cite web |url=http://www.bom.gov.au/hydro/flood/qld/brochures/flinders/flinders.shtml |title=Flood Warning System For The Flinders River |publisher=Bureau of Meteorology |accessdate=3 July 2011 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110603055844/http://www.bom.gov.au/hydro/flood/qld/brochures/flinders/flinders.shtml |archive-date=3 June 2011 |url-status=live |df=dmy-all }}</ref> The primary land use in the catchment is grazing<ref name="anraov">{{cite web |url=http://www.anra.gov.au/topics/water/overview/qld/basin-flinders-river.html |title=Water resources - Overview - Queensland: Flinders River |work=Australian Natural Resources Atlas |publisher=Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities |accessdate=3 July 2011 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110602075659/http://www.anra.gov.au/topics/water/overview/qld/basin-flinders-river.html |archivedate=2 June 2011 |df=dmy-all }}</ref> and other agriculture, the catchment covers 1.5% of the continent.<ref name=ABCFR>{{cite web|url=http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2013/s3692320.htm|title=From cattle country to crops: Flinders River moratorium lifted|date=18 February 2013|accessdate=30 May 2015|publisher=[[Australian Broadcasting Corporation]]|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20151220034422/http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2013/s3692320.htm|archive-date=20 December 2015|url-status=live|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
A total of 36 [[tributary|tributaries]] flow into the Flinders,<ref name=bonzle/> the principal ones being the [[Cloncurry River|Cloncurry]], [[Saxby River|Saxby]] and the [[Corella River|Corella]] rivers.<ref name="fwfr"/> Another major tributary is Porcupine Creek, which has carved out a dramatic gorge located in the [[Porcupine Gorge National Park]].<ref name="naq">{{cite book |title=Natural Areas of Queensland |last=Shilton |first=Peter |year=2005 |publisher=Goldpress |location=Mount Gravatt, Queensland |isbn=0-9758275-0-2 |page=256 }}<!--|accessdate=3 July 2011--></ref> There are two dams on the river - the Flinders River Dam and [[Corella Dam]].<ref name="anraov"/> Other smaller tributaries include: Range Creek, Morepork Creek, Oxley Creek, Canterbury Creek, Dutton River, Back Valley Creek, L-Tree Creek, Gorman Creek, Hazlewood Creek, Nonda Creek, Eurimpy Creek, Yambore Creek, [[Bynoe River]] and Armstrong Creek. The river flows through one permanent waterhole, Flagstone waterhole.<ref name=bonzle/>
 
Several towns are located within the catchment including: [[McKinlay, Queensland|McKinlay]], Burke and Wills Junction, Hughenden, Richmond, Julia Creek and [[Cloncurry, Queensland|Cloncurry]].<ref name=sgc/>
 
The river has a mean annual discharge of {{convert|3857|GL|impgal USgal|sigfig=3}}.<ref name=sgc/> The maximum flow recorded is {{convert|18000|GL|impgal USgal|sigfig=3}}.<ref name=Griff>{{cite web|url=http://www98.griffith.edu.au/dspace/bitstream/handle/10072/41009/71740_1.pdf?sequence=1|author=Alisha Steward|title=Terrestrial invertebrates of dry river beds are not simply subsets of riparian assemblages|accessdate=31 May 2015|publisher=[[Griffith University]]|display-authors=etal|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160330121540/http://www98.griffith.edu.au/dspace/bitstream/handle/10072/41009/71740_1.pdf?sequence=1|archive-date=30 March 2016|url-status=live|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
The riverbed is composed of silt with clay and sand, sand and gravel, and gravel with cobble.<ref name=Griff/> A large, flat clay pan is located in the area where the Flinders, [[Gregory River (Australia)|Gregory]] and [[Leichhardt River]]s enter the Gulf. The mouth of the river lies in the [[Gulf Plains Important Bird Area]].<ref>BirdLife International (2011) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gulf Plains. Downloaded from {{cite web |url=http://www.birdlife.org |title=Archived copy |accessdate=2013-04-13 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://www.webcitation.org/5QE8rvIqH?url=http://www.birdlife.org/ |archivedate=10 July 2007 |df=dmy }} on 01/07/2011</ref>
 
In 2015, the population living within the catchment was 6,600.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.track.org.au/catchments/flinders|title=Flinders River catchment|accessdate=30 May 2015|publisher=TRaCK|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160714180324/http://www.track.org.au/catchments/flinders|archive-date=14 July 2016|url-status=dead|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
 
===Flora===
Vegetation along the river in the upper catchment includes [[riparian]] woodlands composed of paperbarks including; ''[[Melaleuca argentea]]'', ''[[Melaleuca bracteata]]'' and ''[[Melaleuca fluviatilis]]'' and sub-dominant eucalypts including [[Eucalyptus camaldulensis|River Red Gum]], [[Eucalyptus coolabah|Coolabah]], with minor [[Lysiphyllum cunninghamii|Bauhinia]]. Other species found include the [[Acacia salicina|wattle]]. Infestations of weeds such as [[Acacia nilotica|Prickly acacia]], Noogoora burr, Rubber vine and [[Zizyphus mauritiana|Chonky apple]] are also found.<ref name=RD>{{cite web|url=https://research.jcu.edu.au/tropwater/resources/98%2012%20Rchmdam.pdf|title=Richmond Dam and irrigation development proposal ecological issues|date=July 1998|accessdate=31 May 2015|author=Tait, Jim|publisher=[[James Cook University]]|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160304030023/https://research.jcu.edu.au/tropwater/resources/98%2012%20Rchmdam.pdf|archive-date=4 March 2016|url-status=live|df=dmy-all}}</ref> The understorey is dominated by a closed cover of riparian grasses including native couch on the sandy loams adjacent the stream channels.
 
==History==
[[File:Edward Jukes Greig - Arrival of Burke & Wills at Flinders River, 1862.jpg|thumb|left|Edward Jukes Greig - Arrival of Burke & Wills at Flinders River, 1862]]
The [[indigenous Australian|traditional owners]] of the area are the Kalkadoon, Mitakoodi, Kukatj, Guthaarn, Mayi-Yapi, Mayi-Kulan, Mayi-Thakurti, Ngawun, Wanamara, Mbara, Yirandali and Gugu-Badhun peoples, who have inhabited the area for thousands of years.<ref name=sgc/>
Heavy rainfall in Queensland in early 2019 resulted in major flooding along the Flinders, considered the worst in half a century. The broad [[flood plain]] has allowed the Flinders to stretch as wide as 60 [[km]]. The rising water also caused devastation to farmers with heavy losses to [[cattle]] herds.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://edition.cnn.com/2019/02/14/australia/australia-flinders-river-intl/|title=Australian river swells to 37 miles wide due to flooding, creates its own weather system|last=Berlinger|first=Joshua|date=14 February 2019|work=[[CNN]]|access-date=16 May 2019}}</ref>
 
De oprindelige beboere omkring Fitzroy River er [[Darumbal]]-stammen, specielt klanerne Baiali<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ausanthrop.net/resources/ausanthrop_db/detail.php?id_search=28|title=Baiali|accessdate=25. juni 2015|work=AusAnthrop Australian Aboriginal tribal database|publisher=Ausanthrop|date=}}</ref> og Jetimarala.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ausanthrop.net/resources/ausanthrop_db/detail.php?id_search=163|title=Jetimarala|accessdate=25. juni 2015|work=AusAnthrop Australian Aboriginal tribal database|publisher=Ausanthrop|date=}}</ref> De kalder floden Toonooba.
==See also==
{{stack|{{Portal|Water|Environment|Queensland}}}}
*[[List of rivers of Australia#Queensland|List of rivers of Queensland]]
{{-}}
==References==
{{Reflist|2}}
 
Floden fik sit engelske navn af de europæiske bosættere Charles og William Archer 4. maj 1853 til ære for [[Charles Augustus FitzRoy|Charles FitzRoy]], den daværende guvernør i New South Wales (Queensland blev først en separat koloni i 1859).<ref name="QPN">{{cite web|url=https://www.dnrme.qld.gov.au/qld/environment/land/place-names/search#/search=Fitzroy_River&types=0&place=Fitzroy_River__Toonooba_12565|title=12565|accessdate=13. oktober 2020|work=Queensland place names|publisher=Queensland Government|date=}}</ref> Den kendte bådebygger [[Colin Archer]], bror til Charles og William, var den første europæer, der vides at have sejlet op af floden.
==External links==
{{commons category-inline}}
 
[[File:StateLibQld_1_237323_View_on_the_Fitzroy_River.jpg | thumb|alt=|Sejlskibet Sunbeam på Fitzroy River, ca. 1887.]]
{{Rivers of Queensland}}
 
Byen Rockhampton ligger ved floden 40 kilometer fra kysten. I det 19. og starten af det 20. århundrede var den en vigtig havneby, selv om klipper forhindrede sejlads længere op af Fitzroy River. Efterhånden som skibene blev større, blev der mindre kommerciel trafik på floden, og i dag er det kun lystbåde og mindre fiskerbåde, som benytter floden.<ref>{{cite book|title=Rockhampton: A History of City and District|author=McDonald L.|first=|date=1981|publisher=[[University of Queensland Press]]|year=|isbn=0-7022-1620-8|location=St Lucia|pages=}}</ref> Kajanlæggene, som lå langs hele Rockhampton, er næsten alle sammen gået til eller er blevet flyttet. [[Port Alma, Queensland|Port Alma]], i Fitzroy Rivers delta, er nu [[Rockhampton|Rockhamptons]] nærmeste havn.
[[Category:Rivers of Queensland]]
 
[[Category:North West Queensland]]
Ejendommen [[Glenmore Homestead]] blev bygget i 1858 på den nordlige flodbred syv kilometer nordvest for Rockhampton. Det er registreret som bevaringsværdigt i [[Queensland Heritage Register]] og er i dag en turistattraktion.<ref name="chims">{{Cite web|url=https://apps.des.qld.gov.au/heritage-register/detail/?id=600823|title=Glenmore Homestead|date=|website=Queensland Heritage Register|access-date=15. oktober 2020}}</ref>
[[Category:Gulf of Carpentaria]]
 
Fitzroy River bliver i Rockhampton benyttet til mange fritidsaktiviteter. Rockhampton Ski Gardens på Fitzroy River, lidt længere oppe af floden end [[Fitzroy River Barrage (Queensland)|Fitzroy River Barrage]], bruges af lokale sportsklubber til vandski, [[Dragebåd|dragebåde]] og roning.<ref>[http://rockhamptonwaterski.org.au/club/ About Us], Rockhampton Water Ski Club website. Hentet 29. marts 2018.</ref><ref>[http://www.kickstartcq.com.au/16002 Sporting Clubs: Dragon Boat] Kickstart CQ website. Hentet 29. marts 2018.</ref><ref>Hinchcliffe, Jessica [http://www.abc.net.au/local/stories/2008/05/02/2233906.htm Fitzroy River to host rowing Masters], ABC Capricornia, 2. maj 2008. Hentet 29. marts 2018.</ref> Rockhamptons årlige halvmarathon [[Rocky River Run]] løbes langs Fitzroy River.<ref>Smith, Leighton [https://www.themorningbulletin.com.au/news/rocky-river-run-a-rippa-day-out-for-great-cause/3183157 Rocky River Run a rippa day out for great cause], ''The Morning Bulletin'', 29. maj 2017. Hentet 28. marts 2018.</ref> Den årlige fiskekonkurrence, Barra Bounty, er endnu et arrangement ved Fitzroy River i Rockhampton.<ref>Conway-Dodd, Zhanae [https://www.themorningbulletin.com.au/news/whopper-barra-second-biggest-in-comps-19-year-hist/3251638 Whopper barra second biggest in comp's 19 year history], ''The Morning Bulletin'', 29. oktober 2017. Hentet 29. marts 2018.</ref> Byen fejrer også Fitzroy River hvert år med Rockhampton River Festival.<ref>[https://www.rockhamptonregion.qld.gov.au/CommunityEvents/Major-Council-Events/Rockhampton-River-Festival-2018 Major Council Events: Rockhampton River Festival 2018], Rockhampton Regional Council website. Hentet 29. marts 2018.</ref>
 
==Referencer==
{{Reflist}}
 
==Eksterne henvisninger==
{{commons category|Flinders River, Queensland}}
 
{{Autoritetsdata}}
{{coord wd|type=river}}
[[Kategori:Floder i Australien]]
[[Kategori:Queensland]]
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