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==Emytologi==
''Larnaca'' kommer fra det græske ord ''[[larnax]]'', som betyder [[kiste]] eller [[sarkofag]]. Navnet skyldes de mange sargofager som er udgravet i området.<ref>I følge en tavle monteret på muren til [[Larnaca Distrikt Arkæologiske Museum|Larnaca Distrikt Museum]], med titlen "Kition: The necropolis"</ref> Sophocles Hadjisavvas, en statsarkæolog fortæller, at Byensbyens amerikanske konsul i sidste fjerdedel af 1800-tallet, mente at have fundet flere end 3.000 grave i Larnaca, som er opkaldt efter det store antal sarkofager som er fundet i byen".<ref>[http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~semitic/wl/publications/2012/hadjisavvas.html The Phoenician Period Necropolis of Kition, Volume I] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160304111945/http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~semitic/wl/publications/2012/hadjisavvas.html |date=4 March 2016 }}</ref>
 
==Historie==
[[File:Street in Larnaca, Cyprus. Wellcome L0056669.jpg|thumb|left|StreetGade ini Larnaca in 1878]]
[[File:STEVENSON(1880) p046 BAZAAR AT LARNACA.jpg|thumb|left|1880Tegning drawingaf ofmarked market ini Larnaca fra 1880]]
{{Hovedartikel|Kition}}
Den tidligere bystat [[Kition]] blev grundlagt i det [[13. århundrede f.Kr.]]<ref>According to the text on the only plaque at the Kathari site ({{As of|2013|lc=y}}).</ref> New cultural elements appearing between 1200 BC and 1000 BC (personal objects, pottery, new architectural forms and ideas) areer interpretedset assom indicationstegn of significantvæsentlige politicalpolitiske changesforandringer and the arrival of the [[Achaeans (tribe)|Achaeans]], the first Greek colonists of Kition.<ref>Excerpt of text on the only plaque at the Kathari site ({{As of|2013|lc=y}}).</ref> Around the same time, [[Phoenicians]] settled the area.
 
At the [[Kition (ancient state)#The Kition archaeological sites|archaeological sites of Kiteon]], remains that date from the 13th century BC have been found. Around 1000 BC, Kition was rebuilt by [[Phoenicians]] and it subsequently became a center of Phoenician culture. The remains of the sites include [[cyclopean wall]]s and a complex of five temples and a [[naval]] port.
The [[port|commercial port]] was located at [[Skala (neighborhood in Larnaca)|Skala]], during the [[Ottoman Cyprus|Ottoman Period]]. [[Skala (neighborhood in Larnaca)|Skala]] is the name of the seashore immediately south of the [[Larnaca castle]]<ref>{{cite book|title=Road & Tourist Map of Larnaka|publisher=SELAS LTD.|isbn=978-9963-566-92-1}}</ref>—and [[Skala (neighborhood in Larnaca)|its neighborhood]]. The city is sometimes colloquially referred to as{{Citation needed|date=March 2013}} "Skala" ({{lang-el|S???a}}) meaning "ladder" or "[[landing stage]]", referring to the historical port.
 
The [[Bekir Pasha Aqueduct|Kamares aqueductakvædukt]] wasblev builtbygget in[[1747]] 1747—bringingfor waterat tobringe thevand cityfra fromen akilde sourceca. around {{convert|10|km|mi|abbr=off|0}} fromfra the citybyen.{{Citation needed|date=February 2013}}
 
==Geografi==
==Økonomi==
[[File:Europe square.JPG|thumb|Europe's square with government buildings]]
Larnaca'sLarnacas economyøkonomi haser beenvokset growing sincesiden 1975,{{Citation needed|date=February 2013}} after the loss of the [[Port of Famagusta]], which handled 80% of general cargo, and the closure of [[Nicosia International Airport]], meant that Larnaca's airport and seaport had increasingly important roles in the economy of the island. A €650m upgrade of Larnaca Airport has been completed.
 
The service sector, including tourism, employs three-quarters of Larnaca's labour force.{{Citation needed|date=February 2013}} Many travel and tour operators and other travel-related companies have a head office Larnaca.
 
==Uddannelse==
ThereDer areer overmere aend hundredhundrede educationaluddannelsessteder institutionsi in the city,{{Citation needed|date=March 2013}}byen. including the [[American Academy of Larnaca|American Academy]], [[Larnaca Armenian school|Larnaca Nareg Armenian school]] and the Alexander College.
[[File:The Cornaro art institute.JPG|thumb|The former Cornaro Institute in Larnaca was an art school and cultural centre prior to its closure by the municipality in 2017]]
There are over a hundred educational institutions in the city,{{Citation needed|date=March 2013}} including the [[American Academy of Larnaca|American Academy]], [[Larnaca Armenian school|Larnaca Nareg Armenian school]] and the Alexander College.
 
==Kultur==
 
===Kunst===
Larnaca har et teater og et kunstmuseum, der begge er kommunale.
Larnaca has a theatre and an art gallery, which are operated by the municipality. The Cornaro Institute was a cultural centre founded by the celebrated Cypriot artist [[Stass Paraskos]] in the Old Town in 2007, which staged contemporary art exhibitions and other cultural events, prior to its closure by Larnaca Municipality in 2017.
 
===Musik===
[[File:Larnaca band.JPG|thumb|[[LarnacaLarna ca Municipal Band|The Municipal Wind Orchestra]]]]
LocalKommunen har zzzLocal institutions include the [[Larnaca Municipal Band|Municipal Wind Orchestra]].
 
===Sport===
Local [[sports arena]]s include [[AEK Arena - Georgios Karapatakis]], [[GSZ Stadium]], "[[Antonis Papadopoulos Stadium|Antonis Papadopoulos]]" and "[[Ammochostos Stadium|Ammochostos]]".
 
InternationalFlere competitionsinternationale heldsportsturneringer iner theblevet city,afholdt includei thebyen. [[Larnaka International Marathon]] sincesiden 2017, the [[Shooting Shotgun European Championships]] in 2012, the [[FIVB Beach Volleyball SWATCH Youth World Championship]] in 2012, the [[European Under-19 Football Championship]] final in 1998 and the [[European Under-17 Football Championship]] final in 1992.
 
Om efteråret er byen populær blandt [[windsurfere]] fra hele verden. På Mackenzie Beach er der et center for windsurfing og et center for [[ekstrem sport]].
Larnaca attracts windsurfers from around the world especially in autumn. Mackenzie Beach hosts windsurfing centre together with an extreme sports centre.
 
===Festivaller===
De største festivaller finder sted langs promenaden. Den vigtigste er ''[[Syndflod|Kataklysmos]]'' (Syndflodens festival), som fejres i den tidlige sommer med flere kulturelle events. Festivallen er i de senere år udvidet fra en til tre uger, hvor promenaden er lukket for trafik om aftenen. Langs promenaden er der stader med mad og forlystelser.
Much of the activity is centered on the city promenade during the major festivals. The most important of these is ''[[Deluge (mythology)|Kataklysmos]]'' or the ''Festival of the Flood'', celebrated in early summer with a series of cultural events. The festival used to last for about a week, but, in recent years, with the increased commercialism of peripheral stalls, rides and temporary [[Lokma|Loukoumades]] restaurants, the festival has been extended to about three weeks, during which the seafront is closed to traffic in the evenings.
 
===Museer===
Museums found in Larnaca include the [[Larnaca District Archaeological Museum]], [[Pierides Museum (Larnaca)|Pierides Museum]], Agios Lazaros Byzantine Museum, Kallinikeio Municipal Museum of Athienou, Larnaca Medieval Museum, Larnaca Municipal Museum of Natural History, Larnaca Municipal Historical Archives - Museum of Larnaca, Folklore Museum ‘Kostas Kaimakliotis’ - Aradippou, Theasis Museum and [[Kyriazis Medical Museum]].
 
===Restauranter og mad===
Langs byens strande ligger næsten ens fiskerestauranter på stribe. Blandt de lokale retter er ''fasolaki'' ([[bønne|grønne bønner]] kogt i [[rødvin]] med [[lammekød]]), og ''lou vi me lahana'' ([[sortøjebønner]] med [[bladbede]]).
The beaches of Larnaca are lined with nearly identical seafood restaurants catering to tourists. Although there are many continental and international restaurants in Larnaca, visitors do not miss out on indulging in the local food. Many of the staple dishes involve beans, such as ''fasolaki'' ([[French beans]] cooked in red wine with lamb), and ''louvi me lahana'' ([[black-eyed pea]]s with [[chard]]).
Nogle af forretterne er [[kartoffelsalat]], [[kålroe]]salat og varme grillede sorte [[oliven]]. Den næste ret kunne være lokale pølser baseret på svinekød i rødvinslage), og ''sheftalia'' (krebinetter), [[dolmer]] og ''keftos'' (krydrede kødboller, der ofte er aflange), ''kolokassi'' (Taro) i tomatsovs, og flere retter baseret på [[aubergine|auberginer]]. Blandt retterne vil der ofte være en eller anden fiskeret samt bagt eller langsomt grillet [[lammekød]] (''Souvla'').
Some of the standard appetizers are potato salad, kohlrabi salad, and hot grilled black olives.
The next course may include [[Cyprus village sausage]] and [[sheftalia]], [[dolmades]] and [[kefte]]des, [[kolokassi]] in tomato sauce, and several aubergine-based dishes. Baked or grilled lamb (''[[souvla]]'') usually appears somewhere in the course of dining, as does some kind of fish.
 
==Transport==
[[File:Larnaka International Airport.JPG|thumb|[[Larnaca International Airport]]]]
Byens trafikknudepunkter er [[Larnaca International Airport|Larnaca internationale lufthavn]], der er landets største, og [[Larnaca Havn]] som er landets næststørste havn.
 
The city's [[transport hub]]s are [[Larnaca International Airport]] and [[Larnaca Port]]—the Republic's busiest [[airport]] and second busiest port.
 
===Offentlig transport===
PublicDen offentlige transport ini Larnacabyen isbliver servedbetjent onlyat by busesbusser. Bus routesBusruter andog timetableskøreplaner cankan befindes found [http://www.cyprusbybus.com/routes.aspx?sid=6 hereher].
 
==Internationale relationer==
==International relations==
 
===Venskabsbyer===
===Twin towns – sister cities===
Larnaca MunicipalityKommune iser [[Twin towns and sister cities|twinnedvenskabsby]] withmed thefølgende followingbyer:<ref>{{cite web|script-title=el:??Οι ade?f?p???se??αδελφοποιήσεις t??της ????a?a?Λάρνακας|language=el|website=Larnaca Municipality|url=http://www.larnaka.org.cy/en/page/adelfopoiiseis|access-date=14 April 2014}}</ref>
 
{{Div col|colwidth=20em}}
* {{flagicon|MEX}} [[Acapulco]], Mexico (sincesiden 2011)<ref name="MFA">{{cite web |url=http://www.mfa.gov.cy/mfa/embassies/embassy_mexico.nsf/0/4C41F906CA4137F9C2257829007F2BBA/$file/Comunicado%20Gestiones%20hermanamiento%20Acapulco%20-%20Larnaca.pdf |title=Se llevan a cabo gestiones para realizar hermanamiento entre Lárnaca y Acapulco|language=es |access-date=2 February 2017}}</ref>
* {{flagicon|FRA}} [[Ajaccio]], FranceFrankrig (sincesiden 1989)
* {{flagicon|Slovakia}} [[Bratislava]], SlovakiaSlovakiet (sincesiden 2013)<ref>https://web.archive.org/web/20130728183628/http://www.bratislava-city.sk/bratislava-twin-towns%7Carchivedate%3D28</ref>
* {{flagicon|GRE}} [[Galaxidi]], Greece (sincesiden 2005)<ref name="twinnings-greece">{{cite web|title=?de?f?p???se??Αδελφοποιήσεις – Twinnings|publisher=Central Union of Municipalities & Communities of Greece|url=http://www.kedke.gr/uploads/twinnedcities.pdf|access-date=14 April 2014}}</ref>
* {{flagicon|GRE}} [[Giannitsa]], GreeceGrækenland (sincesiden 2003)<ref name="twinnings-greece" />
* {{flagicon|GRE}} [[Glyfada]], GreeceGrækenland (sincesiden 1998)
* {{flagicon|GRE}} [[Ilioupoli]], GreeceGrækenland (sincesiden 2000)<ref name="twinnings-greece" />
* {{flagicon|GRE}} [[Larissa]], GreeceGrækenland (sincesiden 1990)<ref name="twinnings-greece" />
* {{flagicon|GRE}} [[Leros]], GreeceGrækenland (sincesiden 2000)<ref name="twinnings-greece" />
* {{flagicon|AUS}} [[Marrickville, New South Wales|Marrickville]], AustraliaAustralien (sincesiden 2005)
* {{flagicon|GRE}} [[Piraeus]], GreeceGrækenland (sincesiden 1999)<ref name="twinnings-greece" />
* {{flagicon|GEO}} [[Poti]], GeorgiaGeorgien (sincesiden 1987)
* {{flagicon|ALB}} [[Sarandë]], AlbaniaAlbanien (sincesiden 1994)
* {{flagicon|HUN}} [[Szeged]], HungaryUngarn (sincesiden 1993)
* {{flagicon|USA}} [[Tarpon Springs, Florida|Tarpon Springs]], U.S.A. (sincesiden 2009)
* {{flagicon|PRC}} [[Tianjin]], ChinaKina (sincesiden 2007)
* {{flagicon|LBN}} [[Tripoli (Libanon)|Tripoli, LebanonLibanon]]{{citation needed|date=April 2014}}
* {{flagicon|ROU}} [[Tulcea]], RomaniaRumænien (sincesiden 2003)
* {{flagicon|ITA}} [[VeniceVenedig]], ItalyItalien (sincesiden 2010)
{{Div col end}}
 
==NotableKendte residentsPersoner==
* [[ZenoZenon offra CitiumKition]] (c. 334 – c. 262 BC), filosog og grundlægger af [[Stoicism|Stoicstoicisme]] philosopher
* [[Apollonios offra Kition]] (1st[[1. centuryårhundrede BCf.Kr.]]), physician, nicknamed "the Cypriot Hippocrates"læge
* [[Ebubekir Pasha]] (1670 – 1757/1758), Governorbyens ofguvernør Larnacaog and philanthropist[[filantropist]]
* [[Demetrios Pieridis]] (1811–1895), foundergrundlægger of theaf [[Pierides Museum (Larnaca)|Pieridis Museum]]
* [[Dimitris Lipertis]] (1866–1937), national poetdigter
* [[Neoclis Kyriazis]] (1877–1956), medicallæge doctorog and historianhistoriker
* [[Mehmet Nazim Adil]] (1922–2014), leaderleder ofaf theden [[Naqshbandi|Nakshbandi]]religiøse [[Sufism|Sufisufisme]] order (or [[Tariqah|Tekke]])orden, bornfødt ini Larnaca
* [[Mihalis Violaris]], sanger og komponist som arbejdede for at gøre cypriotisk musik populær i [[Grækenland]]
* [[Kyriacos A. Athanasiou]], Cypriot-American academic, entrepreneur, and past-president of the Biomedical Engineering Society
* [[StassGiorgos ParaskosTheofanous]], artistkomponist
* [[Anna Vissi]], singersanger
* [[Mihalis Violaris]], singer and composer who helped popularise Cypriot music in Greece
* [[GiorgosAda TheofanousNicodemou]], composerskuespillerinde
* [[Chrystalleni Trikomiti]], guldmedalje vinder i rytmisk gymnastik ved [[Commonwealth Games]] 2010
* [[Anna Vissi]], singer
* [[Martino Tirimo]], Cypriot classicalklassisk pianist
* [[Loukas Giorkas|Loucas Yiorkas]], singer, [[The X Factor (Greek TV series)|The X Factor]] winner in 2009
* [[Ada Nicodemou]], actress
* [[Garo Yepremian]], Armenian-Cypriot former NFL [[placekicker]], played as a member of the [[1972 Miami Dolphins]], to date the only team in NFL history to finish with a perfect record
* [[Chrystalleni Trikomiti]], Commonwealth Games gold-medalist rhythmic gymnast
* [[Martino Tirimo]], Cypriot classical pianist
 
==Galleri==
<gallery>
File:Finikoudes Beach, Larnaca.jpg|Larnaca
File:Fishing port (psarolimano).JPG|Fishing portFiskerihavnen "Psarolimano"
File:Larnaca 01-2017 img30 Salt Lake.jpg|Moskeen [[Hala Sultan Tekke]]
File:Larnaca 01-2017 img01 Larnaca Fort.jpg|CastleLarnaca exteriorBorg
File:Castle square wharf.JPG|CastleMolen squareved pierLarnaca Borg
File:Kimon statue.JPG|Kimon statue
File:Larnaca 01-2017 img27 Finikoudes.jpg|FinikoudesFoinikoudes Avenuepromenaden
File:Palm trees promenade by night (foinikoudes).JPG|ViewLarnaca of Larnacaset fromfra seahavet
File:Larnaca 01-2017 img26 Larnaca Marina.jpg|Larnaca marinalystbådehavn
File:Salt lake at sunset.JPG|Larnaca Salt LakeSaltsø
File:Aspect of the old town.JPG|AspectFra ofden thegamle old townbydel
File:Aspect of the old town2.JPG|Souvenir shopsSouvenirbutikker
File:Aspect of the old town3.JPG|OldDen towngamle bydel
File:Larnaca 01-2017 img25 Kamares Aqueduct.jpg|Old aqueductAkvædukten [[Bekir Pasha Aqueduct|"Kamares"]]
File:Angeloktisti (built by angels) medieval church.JPG|Angeloktisti medieval churchmiddelalderkirke
File:Street in town center.JPG|StreetGade ini towncentrum centeraf byen
File:Ermou square.JPG|Ermou squareplads
File:Larnaca 01-2017 img02 StLazarus Church.jpg|Saint Lazarus
File:Vessels near Larnaca port.JPG|VesselsSkibe neari nærheden af Larnaca portHavn
File:Larnaca Airport.JPG|Larnaca International Airport
File:Larnaca castle.jpg|Larnaca CastleBorgens interiorindre
File:Larnaca 01-2017 img13 Larnaca District Administration.jpg|Building of District Administration Larnaca
File:Larnaca 01-2017 img11 Municipal Gallery.jpg|Europe squarePladsen
File:Larnaca 01-2017 img08 Pieridis Museum of Antiquities.jpg|[[Pierides Museum (Larnaca)|Pierides Museum]]
File:Larnaca seafront panoramic.jpg|Larnaca seafront panorama
File:View from Oroklini Hill towards Larnaca.jpg|Panoramic view from [[Oroklini]] Hill towards Larnaca
 
File:Larnaca 01-2017 img12 Armenian Genocide Memorial.jpg|TheMindesmærket Armenianfor Genocide[[det Memorial,armenske unveiledfolkedrab]], infra 2008
</gallery>
 
==See also==
* [[Larnaca DistrictDistrikt]]
* [[KittimKiteon]]
* [[Chryspolitissa Orthodox Church]]
 
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