Forskel mellem versioner af "Bruger:Elentirmo/projekt/lister"

indsatte 1980'erne i stedet for 70'erne
m
(indsatte 1980'erne i stedet for 70'erne)
Dette er en detaljeret liste under hovedlisten [[bemandede rumflyvninger]].
 
Dette er en detaljeret liste over bemandede rumflyvninger mellem [[19711980]] og [1979[1989]]. DetteDenne inkludererperiode deer sidstekendetegnet [[Apollo-programmet|Apollomissioner]],ved dende amerikanskesidste [[Skylab]]af rumstationsovjetunionens samtsaljutstationer, depåbegyndelsen sovjetiskeaf [[Saljut-programmet|Saljutstationer]]mirstationen og enstarten del afdet [[Sojuz-programmet]]amerikanske rumfærgeprogram.
 
*<font style="background: #FFDDCC;">Rød</font> indikerer dødsfald.
*<font style="background: #BBFFBB;">Grøn</font> indikerer suborbitale flyvninger og flyvninger hvor det ikke lykkedes at komme i kredsløb.
 
*<font style="background: #DDDDDD;">Grå</font> indikerer flyvninger til månen.
{| class="wikitable" rules=all cellspacing="0" cellpadding="3" align=center style="border: 1px solid #555555; text-align: center"
|-
| colspan=6 |[[Bemandede rumflyvninger|Oversigt]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bemandede rumflyvninger i 1960'erne|60'erne]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''70'erne'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bemandede rumflyvninger i 1980'erne|80'erne]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bemandede rumflyvninger i 1990'erne|90'erne]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bemandede rumflyvninger 2000-nu|2000 til nu]]
|-
| colspan=7 |[[Bemandede rumflyvninger|Oversigt]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bemandede rumflyvninger i 1960'erne|60'erne]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bemandede rumflyvninger i 1970'erne|70'erne]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''80'erne'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bemandede rumflyvninger i 1990'erne|90'erne]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bemandede rumflyvninger 2000-nu|2000 til nu]]
! style="text-align:left; padding-left:2em" |Besætning
|-
! #
! width="23%"|Besætning
! Opsendelses-<br>fartøj
! colspan=2 | BeboelsesmodulBeboelesmodul
! Genindtrædelses-<br>fartøj
! stylewidth="text-align:left35%" |Kort missionsoversigt
|-
| colspan=67 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 19701980'''''
|- style="background: #DDDDDD;"
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Jim Lovell]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Jack Swigert]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Fred Haise]]
| colspan=2 | [[11. april]] [[1970]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Apollo 13]]
| colspan=2 | [[17. april]] [[1970]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Apollo 13]]
| align="left"|Månelanding aflyst efter eksplosion.
|-
! 74
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Andrijan Nikolajev]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vitalij Sevastjanov]]
| colspanstyle=2"padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[1Leonid I. juni]] [[1970Popov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[SojuzValeri V. 9Ryumin]]
| 9 colspan=2April | [[19. juni]] [[1970]]1980<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[SojuzSoyuz 935]]
|colspan=2 | [[Salyut 6]]
| align="left"|Undersøgelse af effekterne af længere tids rumfart.
| 11 October 1980<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz 37]]
| align="left"|Salyut 6 crew rotation.
|-
! 75
| colspan=6 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 1971'''''
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Valeri N. Kubasov]]<br>{{flagicon|HUN}} [[Bertalan Farkas]]
|- style="background: #DDDDDD;"
| 26 May 1980<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz 36]]
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Alan Shepard]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Stuart Roosa]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Edgar Mitchell]]
| colspan=2 | [[31. januar]] [[1971]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[ApolloSalyut 146]]
| 3 colspan=2June | [[9. februar]] [[1971]]1980<br>{{flagicon|USAUSSR}} [[ApolloSoyuz 1435]]
| align="left"|Materials processing, Earth observation and life sciences experiments.<br>First Hungarian in space (Farkas).
| align="left"|Tredje månelanding.<br>Shepard bliver den første og eneste Mercury astronaut, der går på månen.
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir Sjatalov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Aleksej Jelisejev]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Nikolaj Rukavisjnikov]]
| colspan=2 | [[23. april]] [[1971]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 10]]
| colspan=2 | [[25. april]] [[1971]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 10]]
| align="left"|Mislykket forsøg på at komme ombord på rumstationen [[Saljut 1]].
|- style="background: #FFDDCC;"
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Georgij Dobrovolskij]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Viktor Patsajev]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladislav Volkov]]
| [[6. juni]] [[1971]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 11]]
| colspan=2 | [[Saljut 1]]
| [[29. juni]] [[1971]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 11]]
| align="left"|Det lykkedes at komme ombord på [[Saljut 1]] som dermed blev den første bemandede rumstation, men hele besætningen døde ved genindtræden i jordens atmosfære pga. en lækage.
|- style="background: #DDDDDD;"
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[David Scott]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Alfred Worden]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[James Irwin]]
| colspan=2 | [[26. juli]] [[1971]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Apollo 15]]
| colspan=2 | [[7. august]] [[1971]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Apollo 15]]
| align="left"|Fjerde månelanding.<br>Første månebil.
|-
! 76
| colspan=6 align="left" |'''''Opsendeler i 1972'''''
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Yuri V. Malyshev]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir Aksyonov]]
|- style="background: #DDDDDD;"
| 5 June 1980<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-2]]
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[John W. Young]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Ken Mattingly]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Charles Duke]]
| colspan=2 | [[16. april]] [[1972]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[ApolloSalyut 166]]
| 9 colspan=2June | [[27. april]] [[1972]]1980<br>{{flagicon|USAUSSR}} [[ApolloSoyuz 16T-2]]
| align="left"|FemteFirst månelandingmanned flight of the Soyuz T.
|- style="background: #DDDDDD;"
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Gene Cernan]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Ronald Evans|Ron Evans]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Harrison Schmitt]]
| colspan=2 | [[7. december]] [[1972]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Apollo 17]]
| colspan=2 | [[19. december]] [[1972]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Apollo 17]]
| align="left"|Sjette og sidste månelanding i [[Apollo-programmet]].
|-
! 77
| colspan=6 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 1973'''''
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Viktor V. Gorbatko]]<br>{{flagicon|VNM}} [[Pham Tuân]]
| 23 July 1980<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz 37]]
|colspan=2 | [[Salyut 6]]
| 31 July 1980<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz 36]]
| align="left"|Miscellaneous scientific experiments<br>First Vietnamese and first Asian in space (Tuan).
|-
! 78
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Pete Conrad]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Paul J. Weitz|Paul Weitz]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Joseph Kerwin]]
| [[25style="padding-left:0.5em" maj]]align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[1973Yuri V. Romanenko]]<br>{{flagicon|USACUB}} [[SkylabArnaldo 2Tamayo-Mendez]]
| 18 September 1980<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz 38]]
| colspan=2 | [[Skylab]]
|colspan=2 | [[Salyut 6]]
| [[22. juni]] [[1973]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Skylab 2]]
| 26 September 1980<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz 38]]
| align="left"|Første mission til rumstationen [[Skylab]].<br>Brugte næsten en måned i rummet.
| align="left"|First Cuban and first black person in space (Tamayo-Mendez).
|-
! 79
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Alan Bean]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Jack Lousma]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Owen Garriott]]
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[28Leonid D. juliKizim]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[1973Oleg G. Makarov]]<br>{{flagicon|USAUSSR}} [[SkylabGennadi M. 3Strekalov]]
| 27 November 1980<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-3]]
| colspan=2 | [[Skylab]]
|colspan=2 | [[Salyut 6]]
| [[25. september]] [[1973]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Skylab 3]]
| 10 December 1980<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-3]]
| align="left"|Brugte næsten to måneder i rummet.<br>Diverse videnskabelige eksperimenter.
| align="left"|Salyut 6 refurbishment.
|-
| colspan=7 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 1981'''''
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vasilij Lazarev ]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Oleg Makarov]]
| colspan=2 | [[27. september]] [[1973]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 12]]
| colspan=2 | [[29. september]] [[1973]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 12]]
| align="left"|Testflyvning af en ny model af Sojuzfartøjet efter ulykken med Sojuz 11.
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Gerald Carr]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[William Pogue]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Edward Gibson]]
| [[16. november]] [[1973]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Skylab 4]]
| colspan=2 | [[Skylab]]
| [[8. february]] [[1974]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Skylab 4]]
| align="left"|Brugte næsten tre måneder i rummet.<br>Diverse videnskabelige eksperimenter.
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Valentin Lebedev]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Pjotr Klimuk]]
| colspan=2 | [[18. december]] [[1973]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 13]]
| colspan=2 | [[26. december]] [[1973]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 13]]
| align="left"|Anden testflyvning af den nye Sojuzkapsel. <br>Astronomiske observationer.
|-
! 80
| colspan=6 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 1974'''''
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir V. Kovalenok]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Viktor P. Savinykh]]
|-
| style="padding-left:2em"13 align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[JurijMarch Artjukhin]]1981<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[PavelSoyuz PopovitjT-4]]
|colspan=2 | [[Salyut 6]]
| [[3. juli]] [[1974]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 14]]
| 26 May 1981<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-4]]
| colspan=2 | [[Saljut 3]]
| align="left"|&nbsp;
| [[19. juli]] [[1974]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 14]]
| align="left"|Militær mission.
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Lev Djomin]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Gennadij Sarafanov]]
| colspan=2 | [[26. august]] [[1974]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 15]]
| colspan=2 | [[28. august]] [[1974]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 15]]
| align="left"|Mislykket forsøg på at komme ombord på rumstationen [[Sajlut 3]].
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Anatolij Filiptjenko]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Nikolaj Rukavisjnikov]]
| colspan=2 | [[2. december]] [[1974]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 16]]
| colspan=2 | [[8. december]] [[1974]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 16]]
| align="left"|Testflyvning for at forberede fælles amerikansk-sovjetisk rumflyning.
|-
! 81
| colspan=6 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 1975'''''
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Valdimir A. Dzanibekov]]<br>{{flagicon|MNG}} [[Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa]]
|-
| style="padding-left:2em"22 align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[GeorgijMarch Gretjko]]1981<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[AleksejSoyuz Gubarev39]]
|colspan=2 | [[Salyut 6]]
| [[11. januar]] [[1975]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 17]]
| 29 colspan=2March 1981<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[SaljutSoyuz 439]]
| align="left"|First Mongolian in space (Gürragchaa).
| [[10. februar]] [[1975]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 17]]
| align="left"|Astronomiske observationer.
|- style="background: #BBFFBB;"
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vasilij Lazarev]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Oleg Makarov]]
| colspan=4 | [[5. april]] [[1975]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 18a]]
| align="left"|Kom ikke i kredsløb pga. fejl.
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Pjotr Klimuk]] <br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vitalij Sevastjanov]]
| [[24. maj]] [[1975]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 18]]
| colspan=2 | [[Saljut 4]]
| [[26. juli]] [[1975]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 18]]
| align="left"|Forskning i effekterne af lange ophold i rummet.
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Aleksej Leonov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Valerij Kubasov]]
| colspan=2 |[[15. juli]] [[1975]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Apollo-Sojuz-testprogrammet|Sojuz 19]]
| colspan=2 |[[21. juli]] [[1975]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Apollo-Sojuz-testprogrammet|Sojuz 19]]
| rowspan=2 align="left"|[[Apollo-Sojuz-testprogrammet]] (ASTP); første amerikansk-sovjetiske samarbejde i rummet. De to fartøjer sammenkobledes i rummet og byttede flag og gaver.<br>Sidste bemandede amerikanske mission indtil rumfærgen Columbias mission i 1981.
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Thomas Patten Stafford|Tom Stafford]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Vance Brand]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Deke Slayton]]
| colspan=2 |[[15. juli]] [[1975]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Apollo-Sojuz-testprogrammet|Apollo-Sojuz]]<br>(unofficial name:<br>''Apollo 18'')
| colspan=2 |[[24. juli]] [[1975]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Apollo-Sojuz-testprogrammet|Apollo-Sojuz]]<br>(unofficial name:<br>''Apollo 18'')
|-
! 82
| colspan=6 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 1976'''''
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[John W. Young]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Robert L. Crippen]]
|-
|colspan=2 | 12 April 1981<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-1]], ''[[Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia]]''
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Boris Volynov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vitalij Zjolobov]]
|colspan=2 [[6.| juni]]14 [[1976]]April 1981<br>{{flagicon|USSRUSA}} [[SojuzSTS-1]], 21''[[Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia]]''
| align="left"|First space shuttle flight; systems test.
| colspan=2 | [[Saljut 5]]
| [[24. august]] [[1976]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 21]]
| align="left"|Bedømmelse af Saljut 5 rumstationens militære overvågningsevner.
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Valerij Bykovskij]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir Aksjonov]]
| colspan=2 | [[9. september]] [[1976]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 22]]
| colspan=2 | [[23. september]] [[1976]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 22]]
| align="left"|Fotografering af jorden.
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vjatjeslav Sudov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Valerij Rozjdestvenskij]]
| colspan=2 | [[14. oktober]] [[1976]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 23]]
| colspan=2 | [[16. oktober]] [[1976]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 23]]
| align="left"|Mislykket forsøg på at komme ombord på rumstationen [[Saljut 5]].
|-
! 83
| colspan=6 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 1977'''''
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Leonid I. Popov]]<br>{{flagicon|Romania|1965}} [[Dumitru Prunariu]]
|-
| style="padding-left:2em"14 align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[ViktorMay Gorbatko]]1981<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[JurijSoyuz Glazkov40]]
|colspan=2 | [[Salyut 6]]
| [[7. februar]] [[1977]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 24]]
| 22 colspan=2May 1981<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[SaljutSoyuz 540]]
| align="left"|First Romanian in space (Prunariu).<br>Magnetic field observations.<br>Final Soyuz flight.
| [[25. februar]] [[1977]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 24]]
| align="left"|Undersøgelse af luftkvaliteten ombord på [[Saljut 5]].
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir Kovaljonov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Valerij Rjumin]]
| colspan=2 | [[9. oktober]] [[1977]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 25]]
| colspan=2 | [[11. oktober]] [[1977]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 25]]
| align="left"|Mislykket forsøg på at komme ombord på [[Saljut 6]].
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Georgij Gretjko]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Jurij Romanenko]]
| [[10. december]] [[1977]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 26]]
| colspan=2 | [[Saljut 6]]
| [[16. marts]] [[1978]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 27]]
| align="left"|Første sammenkobling med [[Saljut 6]].
|-
! 84
| colspan=6 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 1978'''''
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Joseph H. Engle]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Richard H. Truly]]
|-
|colspan=2 | 12 November 1981<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-2]], ''[[Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia]]''
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}}&nbsp;[[Vladimir Dzjanibekob]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Oleg Makarov]]
|colspan=2 [[10.| januar]]14 [[1978]]November 1981<br>{{flagicon|USSRUSA}} [[SojuzSTS-2]], 27''[[Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia]]''
| align="left"|First re-use of a manned spacecraft.<br>Systems test; Earth science observations.
| colspan=2 | [[Saljut 6]]
|-
| [[16. januar]] [[1978]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 26]]
| colspan=7 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 1982'''''
|-
! 85
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Jack R. Lousma]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[C. Gordon Fullerton]]
|colspan=2 | 22 March 1982<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-3]], ''[[Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia]]''
|colspan=2 | 30 March 1982<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-3]], ''[[Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia]]''
| align="left"|Further system testing.<br>Miscellaneous scientific experiments and Earth science observations.
|-
! 86
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Anatoli Brergovoy]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Valentine V. Lebedev]]
| 12 May 1982<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-5]]
|colspan=2 | [[Salyut 7]]
| 10 December 1982<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-7]]
| align="left"|First mission to Salyut 7.<br>Deployment of radio communications satellite.
|-
! 87
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladmiri A. Dzanibekov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Alexander S. Ivanchenkov]]<br>{{flagicon|FRA}} [[Jean-Loup Chrétien]]
| 24 June 1982<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-6]]
|colspan=2 | [[Salyut 7]]
| 2 July 1982<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-6]]
| align="left"|First French citizen in space (Chrétien).
|-
! 88
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Thomas K. Mattingly]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Henry W. Hartsfield, Jr.]]
|colspan=2 | 27 June 1982<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-4]], ''[[Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia]]''
|colspan=2 | 4 July 1982<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-4]], ''[[Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia]]''
| align="left"|Final space shuttle R&D flight. Miscellaneous scientific experiments plus classified US Air Force payload.
|-
! 89
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Leonid I. Popov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Alexander A. Serebov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Svetlana Y. Savitskaya]]
| 19 August 1982<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-7]]
|colspan=2 | [[Salyut 7]]
| 27 August 1982<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-5]]
| align="left"|Second woman in space (Savitskaya).
|-
! 90
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Vance D. Brand]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Robert F. Overmyer]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Joseph P. Allen]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[William B. Lenoir]]
|colspan=2 | 11 November 1982<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-5]], ''[[Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia]]''
|colspan=2 | 16 November 1982<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-5]], ''[[Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia]]''
| align="left"|Launched commercial ANIK C-3<br>and SBS-C communications satellites.<br>Planned [[Extra-vehicular activity|EVA]] cancelled due to space suit malfunction.
|-
| colspan=7 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 1983'''''
|-
! 91
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Paul J. Weitz]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Karol J. Bobko]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Donald H. Peterson]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[F. Story Musgrave]]
|colspan=2 | 4 April 1983<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-6]], ''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
|colspan=2 | 9 April 1983<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-6]], ''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
| align="left"|First Space Shuttle [[Extra-vehicular activity|EVA]] (Peterson and Musgrave).<br>Deployment of first [[Tracking and Data Relay Satellite]] (TDRS-1).<br>Miscellaneous science experiments.
|-
! 92
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir G. Titov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Gennadi M. Strekalov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Alexander A. Serebrov]]
|colspan=2 | 20 April 1983<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-8]]
|colspan=2 | 22 April 1983<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-8]]
| align="left"|Failed to dock with [[Salyut 7]].
|-
! 93
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Robert L. Crippen]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Frederick H. Hauck]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[John M. Fabian]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Sally K. Ride]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Norman E. Thagard]]
|colspan=2 | 18 June 1983<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-7]], ''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
|colspan=2 | 24 June 1983<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-7]], ''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
| align="left"|Two communications satellites launched.<br>First American woman in space (Ride).<br>Investigation into behavior of ant colony in zero gravity; various microgravity experiments.
|-
! 94
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir A. Lyakhov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov|Alexander P. Alexandrov]]
| 26 June 1983<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-9]]
|colspan=2 | [[Salyut 7]]
| 23 November 1983<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-9]]
| align="left"|&nbsp;
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Aleksej Gubarev]]<br>{{flagicon|Tjekkoslovakiet}} [[Vladimír Remek]]
| [[2. marts]] [[1978]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 28]]
| colspan=2 | [[Saljut 6]]
| [[10, marts]] [[1978]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 28]]
| align="left"|Første tjekkiske astronaut og den første der ikke kommer fra USA eller sovjetunionen (Remek).
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir Kovaljonov]] <br>{{flagicon|USSR}}&nbsp;[[Aleksandr Ivantjenkov]]
| [[15. juni]] [[1978]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 29]]
| colspan=2 | [[Saljut 6]]
| [[2. november]] [[1978]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 31]]
| align="left"|Ombytning af besætning på [[Saljut 6]].
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Pjotr Klimuk]]<br>{{flagicon|POL}} [[Miroslaw Hermaszewski]]
| [[27. juni]] [[1978]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 30]]
| colspan=2 | [[Saljut 6]]
| [[5. juli]] [[1978]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 30]]
| align="left"|Biovidenskabelige eksperimenter. Jordobservation og undersøgelse af nordlys.<br>Første polak i rummet (Hermaszewski).
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Valerij Bykovskij]]<br>{{flagicon|GDR}} [[Sigmund Jähn]]
| [[26. august]] [[1978]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 31]]
| colspan=2 | [[Saljut 6]]
| [[3. september]] [[1978]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 29]]
| align="left"|Føste tysker i rummet (Jähn).
|-
! 95
| colspan=6 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 1979'''''
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Richard H. Truly]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Daniel C. Brandenstein]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Dale A. Gardner]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Guion Bluford]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[William E. Thornton]]
|colspan=2 | 30 August 1983<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-8]], ''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
|colspan=2 | 5 September 1983<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-8]], ''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
| align="left"|First African-American in space (Bluford).<br>First night launch and landing.<br>Deployed INSAT-1B satellite for India.<br>Observation of behavior of rats in space.
|- style="background: #BBFFBB;"
! —
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir Titov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Gennady Strekalov]]
| colspan=4 | 26 September 1983<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-10-1]]
| align="left"|Launch failed due to fire; crew ejected.
|-
! 96
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[John W. Young]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Brewster H. Shaw]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Owen K. Garriott]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Robert A. Parker]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Byron K. Lichtenberg]]<br>{{flagicon|GER}} [[Ulf Merbold]]
|colspan=2 | 28 November 1983<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-9]], ''[[Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia]]''
|colspan=2 | 8 December 1983<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-9]], ''[[Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia]]''
| align="left"|First [[Spacelab]] (orbital laboratory) mission.<br>First [[European Space Agency|ESA]] astronaut and first non-American on US flight (Merbold).
|-
| colspan=7 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 1984'''''
|-
! 97
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Vance D. Brand]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Robert L. Gibson]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Bruce McCandless II]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Ronald E. McNair]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Robert L. Stewart]]
|colspan=2 | 3 February 1984<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-41-B]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
|colspan=2 | 11 February 1984<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-41-B]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
| align="left"|First untethered [[Extra-vehicular activity|spacewalk]] (McCandless and Stewart).<br>WESTAR-VI and PALAPA-B2 satellites deployed but failed to attain correct orbits.
|-
! 98
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Leonid D. Kizim]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir Alekseyevich Solovyov|Vladimir Solovyov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Oleg Y. Atkov]]
| 4 February 1984<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-10]]
|colspan=2 | [[Salyut 7]]
| 2 October 1984<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-11]]
| align="left"|&nbsp;
|-
! 99
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Yuri V. Malyshev]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Gennadi M. Strekalov]]<br>{{flagicon|IND}} [[Rakesh Sharma]]
| 3 April 1984<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-11]]
|colspan=2 | [[Salyut 7]]
| 11 April 1984<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-10]]
| align="left"|First Indian in space (Sharma).<br>Earth observation program; life sciences and materials processing experiments.
|-
! 100
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Robert L. Crippen]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Dick Scobee|Francis R. "Dick" Scobee]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[George D. Nelson]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[James D. A. van Hoften]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Terry J. Hart]]
|colspan=2 | 6 April 1984<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-41-C]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
|colspan=2 | 13 April 1984<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-41-C]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
| align="left"|[[LDEF]] deployed for later retrieval.<br>Capture, repair and redeployment of malfunctioning [[Solar Maximum Mission]] satellite.
|-
! 101
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir A. Dzanibekov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Igor P. Volk]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Svetlana Savitskaya|Svetlana Y. Savitskaya]]
| 17 July 1984<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-12]]
|colspan=2 | [[Salyut 7]]
| 29 July 1984<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-12]]
| align="left"|First [[Extra-vehicular activity|EVA]] by a female astronaut (Savitskaya).
|-
! 102
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Henry W. Hartsfield]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Michael L. Coats]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Judith A. Resnik]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Steven A. Hawley]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Richard M. Mullane]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Charles D. Walker]]
|colspan=2 | 30 August 1984<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-41-D]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
|colspan=2 | 5 September 1984<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-41-D]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
| align="left"|Testing of experimental solar arrays; three satellites deployed.
|-
! 103
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Robert L. Crippen]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Jon A. McBride]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Kathryn D. Sullivan]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Sally K. Ride]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[David C. Leestma]]<br>{{flagicon|CAN}} [[Marc Garneau]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Paul D. Scully-Power]]
|colspan=2 | 5 October 1984<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-41-G]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
|colspan=2 | 13 October 1984<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-41-G]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
| align="left"|ERBS satellite deployed.<br>Radar imaging.<br>First [[Extra-vehicular activity|EVA]] by an American woman (Sullivan).<br>First Canadian in space (Garneau).<br>First flight including two women.
|-
! 104
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Frederick H. Hauck]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[David M. Walker (astronaut)|David Walker]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Anna Fisher]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Dale A. Gardner]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Joseph P. Allen]]
|colspan=2 | 8 November 1984<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-A]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
|colspan=2 | 16 November 1984<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-A]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
| align="left"|Deployed two communications satellites; retrieved two malfunctioning satellites.
|-
| colspan=7 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 1985'''''
|-
! 105
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Thomas K. Mattingly II]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Loren J. Shriver]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Ellison S. Onizuka]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[James F. Buchli]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Gary E. Payton]]
|colspan=2 | 24 January 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-C]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
|colspan=2 | 27 January 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-C]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
| align="left"|First mission for the [[United States Department of Defense|U.S. Department of Defense]]. Classified payload, possibly intelligence-gathering satellite.
|-
! 106
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Karol J. Bobko]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Donald E. Williams]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[M. Rhea Seddon]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Jeffrey A. Hoffman]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[S. David Griggs]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Charles D. Walker]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[E. Jake Garn]]
|colspan=2 | 12 April 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-D]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
|colspan=2 | 19 April 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-D]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
| align="left"|Communications satellite deployed.<br>Miscellaneous scientific experiments.<br>First senator in space (Garn).
|-
! 107
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Robert F. Overmyer]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Frederick D. Gregory]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Don L. Lind]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Norman E. Thagard]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[William E. Thornton]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Lodewijk van den Berg]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Taylor G. Wang]]
|colspan=2 | 29 April 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-B]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
|colspan=2 | 6 May 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-B]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
| align="left"|Second [[Spacelab]] mission; microgravity experiments.<br>Observation of behaviour of monkeys and rodents in space.
|-
!rowspan=2 |108
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir A. Dzanibekov]]
|rowspan=2 | 5 June 1985<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-13]]
|colspan=2 rowspan=2 | [[Salyut 7]]
| [[26 September|26&nbsp;September]]&nbsp;1985<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-13]]
| rowspan=2 align="left"|Repair of crippled Salyut 7 station.
|-
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Viktor P. Savinykh]]
| 21 November 1985<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-14]]
|-
! 109
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Daniel C. Brandenstein]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[John O. Creighton]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Shannon W. Lucid]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Steven R. Nagel]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[John M. Fabian]]<br>{{flagicon|FRA}} [[Patrick Baudry]]<br>{{flagicon|SAU}} [[Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud|Sultan Salman Al Saud]]
|colspan=2 | 17 June 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-G]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
|colspan=2 | 24 June 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-G]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
| align="left"|Three communications satellites deployed.<br>Miscellaneous scientific experiments.<br>First Saudi and the first Arab in space (Al-Saud).
|-
! 110
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Gordon Fullerton]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Roy D. Bridges]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[F. Story Musgrave]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Anthony W. England]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Karl G. Henize]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Loren W. Acton]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[John-David F. Bartoe]]
|colspan=2 | 29 July 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-F]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
|colspan=2 | 6 August 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-F]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
| align="left"|[[Spacelab]]-2 mission; miscellaneous science experiments.<br>Three communications satellites deployed.
|-
! 111
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Joseph H. Engle]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Richard O. Covey]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[James D. A. van Hoften]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[John M. Lounge]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[William F. Fisher]]
|colspan=2 | 27 August 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-I]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
|colspan=2 | 3 September 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-I]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
| align="left"|Three communications satellites deployed.<br>Retrieval, repair and redeployment of LEASAT-3 satellite.
|-
!rowspan=2 |112
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir Vasyutin]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Alexander Alexandrovich Volkov (cosmonaut)|Alexander Volkov]]
|rowspan=2 | [[17 September|17&nbsp;September]]&nbsp;1985<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-14]]
|rowspan=2 colspan=2 | [[Salyut 7]]
| 21 November 1985<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-14]]
| rowspan=2 align="left"|&nbsp;
|-
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Georgi M. Grechko]]
| 26 September 1985<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-13]]
|-
! 113
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Karol J. Bobko]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Ronald J. Grabe]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[David C. Hilmers]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Robert L. Stewart]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[William A. Pailes]]
|colspan=2 | 3 October 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-J]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Atlantis|Atlantis]]''
|colspan=2 | 7 October 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-J]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Atlantis|Atlantis]]''
| align="left"| Second [[United States Department of Defense|U.S. Department of Defense]] mission. Classified payload, believed to be two communications satellites.
|-
! 114
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Henry W. Hartsfield, Jr.]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Steven R. Nagel]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[James F. Buchli]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Guion Bluford]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Bonnie J. Dunbar]]<br>{{flagicon|GER}} [[Reinhard Furrer]]<br>{{flagicon|GER}} [[Ernst Messerschmid]]<br>{{flagicon|NLD}} [[Wubbo J. Ockels]]
|colspan=2 | 30 October 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-61-A]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
|colspan=2 | 6 November 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-61-A]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
| align="left"|German-sponsored [[Spacelab]] mission; microgravity experiments.<br>First Dutchman in space (Ockels).
|-
! 115
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Brewster H. Shaw, Jr.]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Bryan D. O'Connor]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Mary L. Cleave]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Sherwood C. Spring]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Jerry L. Ross]]<br>{{flagicon|MEX}} [[Rodolfo Neri Vela]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Charles D. Walker]]
|colspan=2 | 26 November 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-61-B]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Atlantis|Atlantis]]''
|colspan=2 | 3 December 1985<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-61-B]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Atlantis|Atlantis]]''
| align="left"|Three communications satellites deployed.<br>Demonstration of in-orbit construction techniques.<br>First Mexican in space (Neri).
|-
| colspan=7 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 1986'''''
|-
! 116
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Robert L. Gibson]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Charles F. Bolden]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Franklin R. Chang-Diaz]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Steven A. Hawley]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[George D. Nelson]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Robert J. Cenker]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Bill Nelson (politician)|Bill Nelson]]
|colspan=2 | 12 January 1986<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-61-C]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia]]''
|colspan=2 | 18 January 1986<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-61-C]],<br>''[[Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia]]''
| align="left"|Deployment of communications satellite.<br>Miscellaneous science experiments.
|-style="background: #FFDDCC;"
! —
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Dick Scobee|Francis R. "Dick" Scobee]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Michael J. Smith (astronaut)|Michael J. Smith]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Judith A. Resnik]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Ellison S. Onizuka]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Ronald E. McNair]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Gregory B. Jarvis]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Christa McAuliffe]]
|colspan=4 | 28 January 1986<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-51-L]], ''[[Space Shuttle Challenger|Challenger]]''
| align="left"|Disintegrated 73 seconds after launch with loss of all crew.
|-
! 117
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Leonid D. Kizim]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir Alekseyevich Solovyov|Vladimir Solovyov]]
| 13 March 1986<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-15]]
|colspan=2 | [[Mir]]<br>[[Salyut 7]]<br>[[Mir]]
| 16 July 1986<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz T-15]]
| align="left"|First expedition to [[Mir]].<br>Last expedition to [[Salyut 7]].
|-
| colspan=7 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 1987'''''
|-
!rowspan=2 |118
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Alexander Laveykin]]
|rowspan=2 | 7 February 1987<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-2]]
|colspan=2 rowspan=2 | [[Mir]]
| 30 July 1987<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-2]]
| rowspan=2 align="left"|Mir crew rotation and maintenance.
|-
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Yuri V. Romanenko]]
| [[29 December|29&nbsp;December]]&nbsp;1987<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-3]]
|-
!rowspan=2 |119
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Alexander Viktorenko]]<br>{{flagicon|SYR}} [[Mohammed Faris]]
|rowspan=2 | 22 July 1987<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-3]]
|colspan=2 rowspan=2 | [[Mir]]
| 30 July 1987<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-2]]
| rowspan=2 align="left"|Mir crew rotation.<br>First Syrian in space (Faris).
|-align=center valign=center
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}}&nbsp;[[Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov|Alexander&nbsp;P.&nbsp;Alexandrov]]
| 29 December 1987<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-3]]
|-
!rowspan=2 |120
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Anatoli Levchenko]]
|rowspan=2 | [[21 December|21&nbsp;December]]&nbsp;1987<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-4]]
|colspan=2 rowspan=2 | [[Mir]]
| 29 December 1987<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-3]]
| rowspan=2 align="left"|Mir crew rotation.<br>Biological experiments and astronomical observations.
|-
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir G. Titov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Musa Manarov]]
| 21 December 1988<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-6]]
|-
| colspan=7 align="left" |'''''Opsendelser i 1988'''''
|-
! 121
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Anatoly Solovyev]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Victor Savinykh]]<br>{{flagicon|Bulgaria|1971}} [[Aleksandr Panayotov Aleksandrov|Alexander Alexandrov]]
| 7 June 1988<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-5]]
|colspan=2 | [[Mir]]
| 17 June 1988<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-4]]
| align="left"|&nbsp;
|-
!rowspan=2 |122
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir A. Lyakhov]]<br> {{flagicon|Afghanistan|1987}} [[Abdul Ahad Mohmand]]
|rowspan=2 | 29 August 1988<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-6]]
|colspan=2 rowspan=2 | [[Mir]]
| 7 September 1988<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-5]]
| rowspan=2 align="left"|Mir crew rotation.<br>First Afghan in space (Mohmand).
|-
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Valeri Polyakov]]
| 27 April 1989<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-7]]
|-
! 123
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Frederick H. Hauck]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Richard O. Covey]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[John M. Lounge]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[George D. Nelson]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[David C. Hilmers]]
|colspan=2 | 28 September 1988<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-26]], ''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
|colspan=2 | 3 October 1988<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-26]], ''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
| align="left"|First "Return to Flight" Space Shuttle mission after [[Challenger Disaster]].<br>Deployment of [[Tracking and Data Relay Satellite]]-3 (TDRS-3).
|-
!rowspan=2 |124
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Alexander Alexandrovich Volkov (cosmonaut)|Alexander Volkov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sergei Krikalev]]
|rowspan=2 | 26 November 1988<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-7]]
|colspan=2 rowspan=2 | [[Mir]]
| 27 April 1989<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-7]]
| rowspan=2 align="left"|Mir crew rotation.<br>Technology experiments.<br>First European [[Extra-vehicular activity|EVA]] (Chrétien).
|-
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|FRA}} [[Jean-Loup Chrétien]]
| 21 December 1988<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-6]]
|-
! 125
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Robert L. Gibson]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Guy S. Gardner]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Richard M. Mullane]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Jerry L. Ross]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[William M. Shepherd]]
|colspan=2 | 2 December 1988<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-27]], ''[[Space Shuttle Atlantis|Atlantis]]''
|colspan=2 | 6 December 1988<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-27]], ''[[Space Shuttle Atlantis|Atlantis]]''
| align="left"|[[United States Department of Defense|U.S. Department of Defense]] mission. Classified payload, reportedly [[Lacrosse 1]] radar reconnaissance satellite.
|-
| colspan=7 align="left" |'''''Opsendelesr i 1989'''''
|-
! 126
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Michael L. Coats]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[John E. Blaha]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[James P. Bagian]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[James F. Buchli]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Robert C. Springer]]
|colspan=2 | 13 March 1989<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-29]], ''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
|colspan=2 | 18 March 1989<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-29]], ''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
| align="left"|Deployment of [[Tracking and Data Relay Satellite]]-4 (TDRS-4).<br>Miscellaneous science experiments.
|-
! 127
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[David M. Walker (astronaut)|David M. Walker]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Ronald J. Grabe]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Norman E. Thagard]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Mary L. Cleave]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Mark C. Lee]]
|colspan=2 | 4 May 1989<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-30]], ''[[Space Shuttle Atlantis|Atlantis]]''
|colspan=2 | 8 May 1989<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-30]], ''[[Space Shuttle Atlantis|Atlantis]]''
| align="left"|[[Magellan probe]] deployed.
|-
! 128
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Brewster H. Shaw, Jr.]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Richard N. Richards]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[James C. Adamson]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[David C. Leestma]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Mark N. Brown]]
|colspan=2 | 8 August 1989<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-28]], ''[[Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia]]''
|colspan=2 | 13 August 1989<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-28]], ''[[Space Shuttle Columbia|Columbia]]''
| align="left"|[[United States Department of Defense|U.S. Department of Defense]] mission. Classified payload, reportedly military communications and reconnaissance satellites.
|-
! 129
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Alexander Viktorenko]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Alexander A. Serebrov]]
| 5 September 1989<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-8]]
|colspan=2 | [[Mir]]
| 19 February 1990<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Soyuz TM-8]]
| align="left"|Mir equipment installation.
|-
! 130
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Donald E. Williams]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Michael J. McCulley]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Franklin R. Chang-Diaz]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Shannon W. Lucid]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Ellen S. Baker]]
|colspan=2 | 18 October 1989<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-34]], ''[[Space Shuttle Atlantis|Atlantis]]''
|colspan=2 | 23 October 1989<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-34]], ''[[Space Shuttle Atlantis|Atlantis]]''
| align="left"|[[Galileo probe]] deployed.
|-
! 131
| style="padding-left:0.5em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USA}} [[Frederick D. Gregory]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[John E. Blaha]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[F. Story Musgrave]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Sonny Carter]]<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[Kathryn C. Thornton]]
|colspan=2 | 22 November 1989<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-33]], ''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
|colspan=2 | 27 November 1989<br>{{flagicon|USA}} [[STS-33]], ''[[Space Shuttle Discovery|Discovery]]''
| align="left"|[[United States Department of Defense|U.S. Department of Defense]] mission. Classified payload, reportedly reconnaissance satellite.<br>First African-American Shuttle Commander.
|-
|-
| colspan=7 |[[Bemandede rumflyvninger|Oversigt]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bemandede rumflyvninger i 1960'erne|60'erne]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bemandede rumflyvninger i 1970'erne|70'erne]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''80'erne'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bemandede rumflyvninger i 1990'erne|90'erne]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bemandede rumflyvninger 2000-nu|2000 til nu]]
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Vladimir Ljakhov]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Valerij Rjumin]]
| [[25. februar]] [[1979]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 32]]
| colspan=2 | [[Saljut 6]]
| [[19. august]] [[1979]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 34]]
| align="left"|Udskiftning af besætningen på Saljut 6.
|-
| style="padding-left:2em" align="left"|{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Nikolaj Rukavisjnikov]]<br> [[Georgi Ivanov]]
| colspan=2 | [[10. april]] [[1979]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 33]]
| colspan=2 | [[12. april]] [[1979]]<br>{{flagicon|USSR}} [[Sojuz 33]]
| align="left"|Mislykket forsøg på at komme ombord på [[Saljut 6]].<br>Første bulgarer i rummet (Ivanov).
|-
| colspan=6 |[[Bemandede rumflyvninger|Oversigt]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bemandede rumflyvninger i 1960'erne|60'erne]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;'''70'erne'''&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bemandede rumflyvninger i 1980'erne|80'erne]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bemandede rumflyvninger i 1990'erne|90'erne]]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Bemandede rumflyvninger 2000-nu|2000 til nu]]
|}
 
<nowiki>
[[cs:Seznam pilotovaných vesmírných letů 1961-1986]]
[[en:List of human spaceflights, 1980s]]
[[pl:Loty kosmiczne 1961-1965]]
[[sk:Zoznam pilotovaných vesmírnych letov, 1980-1989]]
[[ru:Хронология пилотируемых космических полётов (1980-е)]]
</nowiki>
 
 
 
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