Forskel mellem versioner af "Bangladesh"

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Ordet fik officiel status under [[Bengal Sultanatet]] i det 14. århundrede.<ref name="Ahmed2004">{{cite book |last=Ahmed |first=Salahuddin |date=2004 |title=Bangladesh: Past and Present |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=Szfqq7ruqWgC&pg=PA23 |publisher=APH Publishing |pages=23– |isbn=978-81-7648-469-5}}</ref><ref>"But the most important development of this period was that the country for the first time received a name, ie Bangalah." http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Islam,_Bengal</ref> [[Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah]] udråbte sig selv som "[[Shah]] af Bangala" i 1342.<ref name="Ahmed2004"/> Ordet ''Bangla'' blev det mest anvendte navn for regionen under den islamiske periode. Portugiserne omtalte regionen som ''Bengala'' i det 16. årundrede.<ref>{{Cite book |last=Sircar |first=D. C. |date=1990 |title=Studies in the Geography of Ancient and Medieval India |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=AqKw1Mn8WcwC |publisher=Motilal Banarsidass Publ. |page=135 |isbn=9788120806900}}</ref>
 
Oprindelsen af ordet ''Bangla'' er uklar, men teorier peger tilbage til [[bronzealderen]]s proto-Dravidiske stamme,<ref>{{cite web |url= http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field%28DOCID+bd0014%29|title= Bangladesh: early history, 1000&nbsp;B.C.–A.D. 1202 |date=September 1988 |work= Bangladesh: A country study|publisher=[[Library of Congress]]|location= Washington, D.C. |accessdate=1. Decemberdecember 2014|quote=Historians believe that Bengal, the area comprising present-day Bangladesh and the Indian state of [[West Bengal]], was settled in about 1000 B.C. by Dravidian-speaking peoples who were later known as the Bang. Their homeland bore various titles that reflected earlier tribal names, such as Vanga, Banga, Bangala, Bangal, and Bengal.}}</ref> det austriske ord "Bonga" (Solgud)<ref name="auto4">{{cite book |last=SenGupta |first=Amitabh |date=2012 |title=Scroll Paintings of Bengal: Art in the Village |publisher=AuthorHouse UK |page=14 |isbn=978-1-4678-9663-4}}</ref> og jernalderens Vanga Kongerige.<ref name="auto4"/> Indo-Aryan suffikset ''Desh'' stammer fra sanskrit-ordet ''deśha'', som betyder "land". Ud fra det kan det formodes, at navnet ''Bangladesh'' betyder "Bengals land"<ref name="auto1"/><ref name="auto2"/><ref name="auto3"/>
 
== Historie ==
 
=== Litteratur ===
Det ældste bevis for litteratur i Bangladesh er Mahasthan [[Brahmi]] inskriptionen, der daters tilbage til [[3. århundrede f.Kr.]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Mahasthan_Brahmi_Inscription|title=Mahasthan Brahmi Inscription|work=banglapedia.org|accessdate=17. Decemberdecember 2015}}</ref> I tiden under [[Guptariget]], blomstrede Sanskrit literaturen i regionen. [[Bengali (sprog)|Bengali]] udvikledes fra [[Sanskrit]] og [[Magadhi]] i det [[11. århundrede]]. Bengali literaturen er en tusind år gammel tradition.
 
=== Arkitektur ===
 
=== Sport ===
[[Cricket]] er en af de mest populære sportsgrene i Bangladesh, efterfulgt af [[fodbold]]. Landsholdet i cricket deltog for første gang i [[VM i Cricket]] i 1999, og året efter fik holdet tildelt status som elite [[Test cricket]].<ref>{{cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/cricket/8160263.stm |title=Bangladesh secure series victory|publisher=BBC News |date=20. Julyjuli 2009 |accessdate=3. Julyjuli 2010}}</ref> Bangladesh har fem stormestre i [[skak]]. Blandt disse var [[Niaz Murshed]] den første stormester i Sydasien. Indenfor rytmisk gymnastik, blev russeren [[Margarita Mamun]], som stammer fra Bangladesh, verdensmester i 2013 og 2014.
 
[[Kabaddi]] er en meget populær sport i Bangladesh og betragtes som nationalsport.<ref>{{cite book |last=Faroqi |first=Gofran |year=2012 |chapter=Kabadi |chapter-url=http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Kabadi |editor1-last=Islam |editor1-first=Sirajul |editor1-link=Sirajul Islam |editor2-last=Jamal |editor2-first=Ahmed A. |title=Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh |edition=Second |publisher=[[Asiatic Society of Bangladesh]]}}</ref> Andre populære sportsgrene er bl.a. [[hockey]], [[tennis]], [[badminton]], [[håndbold]], [[basketball]], [[volleyball]], [[skak]], [[skydesport]] og [[lystfiskeri]]. [[National Sports Council]] styrer 42 forskellige sportsorganisationer.<ref>{{cite web|title=All Affiliated National Federation/Association |url=http://nsc.gov.bd/n/?cat=11 |publisher=[[National Sports Council]] |accessdate=25. januar 2013 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130121160742/http://nsc.gov.bd/n/?cat=11 |archivedate=21. januar 2013 }}</ref>
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