Forskel mellem versioner af "Krigen i Afghanistan (epoken siden 2015)"

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{{sprog|dato=januar 2017}}
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'''Epoken siden 2015''', af '''krigen i Afghanistan''' er en del af [[Krigen i Afghanistan (2001-nutid)|Krigen i Afghanistan som har foregået siden 2001]].
 
I januar 2017 hadde USA rundt 8.500 soldater som del af NATO's opdrag i Afghanistan;<ref name="auto2"/> de fleste af de soldater var stationeret på fire steder: [[Kandahar]], [[Bagram]], [[Jalalabad]] og [[Kabul]].<ref name="20160706TheGuardian">{{en sprog}} {{cite news|last1=Roberts|first1=Dan|title=Obama delays US troop withdrawal from ‘precarious’ Afghanistan |url=https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/jul/06/obama-delays-us-troop-withdrawal-afghanistan-al-qaida|accessdate=6. juli 2016|work=The Guardian |publisher=The Guardian|date=6. juli 2016}}</ref><ref>{{en sprog}} {{cite news|author1=Gregory Korte and Tom Vanden Brook|title=Obama: 8,400 troops to remain in Afghanistan|url=http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2016/07/06/obama-afghanistan/86746010/|accessdate=6. juli 2016|work=USA Today|publisher=USA Today |date=6. juli 2016}}</ref><ref>{{en sprog}} {{cite news|author1=Stephen Collinson and Tal Kopan|title=Obama to leave more troops than planned in Afghanistan |url=http://edition.cnn.com/2016/07/06/politics/obama-to-speak-on-afghanistan-wednesday-morning/|accessdate=6. juli 2016 |work=CNN |publisher=CNN|date=6. juli 2016}}</ref><ref>{{en sprog}} {{cite news|last1=E. Lee|first1=Carol|title=Obama to Slow Troop Withdrawal From Afghanistan|url=http://www.wsj.com/articles/obama-to-slow-troop-withdrawal-from-afghanistan-1467817803|accessdate=6. juli 2016|work=The Wall Street Journal|publisher=The Wall Street Journal|date=6. juli 2016}} {{en sprog}}</ref> (Tidligere forventede man at styrken af NATO-soldater skulle være rundt 13.000 inkluderet [rundt] 9.800 soldater fra USA, samt 26.000 underleverandører - deriblandt [[lejesoldat]]er<ref>{{en sprog}} {{Cite web|url=https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/checkpoint/wp/2016/06/01/how-obamas-afghanistan-plan-is-forcing-the-army-to-replace-soldiers-with-contractors/|title=How Obama’s Afghanistan plan is forcing the Army to replace soldiers with contractors|website=Washington Post|access-date=12. juni 2016}}</ref> - til militærvæsenet.)<ref>{{en sprog}} {{cite news|last1=Recknagel|first1=Charles|title=Explainer: Key Points In U.S.-Afghan Bilateral Security Agreement |url=http://www.rferl.org/content/explainer-bsa-afghan-us-security-agreement-bsa/26613884.html|accessdate=26. oktober 2014|work=Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty|publisher=Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty|date=30. september 2014}}</ref><ref>{{en sprog}} {{Cite news |url=http://www.economist.com/news/asia/21700456-barack-obama-faces-unpleasant-decision-generals-words |title=The general’s words|newspaper=The Economist |issn=0013-0613|access-date=2016-06-12}}</ref>
 
__TOC__
== Baggrund ==
Fra 2011 til 2014 reducerede flere lande, heriblandt USA, sin militære magt i Afghanistan.<ref>{{en sprog}} {{cite news|last1=Michaels |first1=Jim |title=Afghanistan, U.S. sign long-delayed security pact |url=http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2014/09/30/afghan-us-security-pact/16467441/|accessdate=26. oktober 2014|work=USA Today|date=30. september 2014}} {{en sprog}}</ref>
 
Den 28. december 2014 afsluttede den NATO-ledede [[ISAF]]-operation formelt, kampoperationer i Afghanistan og overførte det fulde ansvar for sikkerheden til Afghanistans myndigheder.<ref name=2014APcessation>{{en sprog}} {{cite news|title=U.S. formally ends the war in Afghanistan|url=http://www.cbsnews.com/news/america-formally-ends-the-war-in-afghanistan/|accessdate=28. december 2014|agency=Associated Press|issue=online|publisher=CBA News|date=28. december 2014}}</ref><ref name="Guardian28">{{en sprog}} {{cite news|title=Nato ends combat operations in Afghanistan|url=https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/dec/28/nato-ends-afghanistan-combat-operations-after-13-years|accessdate=11. januar 2015|work=The Guardian|date=28. december 2014|location=Kabul|author=Sune Engel Rasmussen in Kabul}} {{en sprog}}</ref>
 
== Efter begyndelsen af ny NATO-ledet operation på 1. januar 2015 ==
[[Fil:Resolute Support.svg|thumb|Flaget til [[Operation Resolute Support]]. Den pågående operationen begyndte d. 1. januar 2015. Allerede dengang havde [[ISAF]]-operationen været afsluttet siden 28 december 2014]]
[[FileFil:2015 Battle of Kunduz (City).svg|thumb|[[Slaget om Kunduz|Slaget om byen Kunduz]]. Den 27. september 2015 var ANA fortrængt til flyplassen og områder rundt]]
Den 1. januar 2015 begyndte [[Operation Resolute Support]](RS), et NATO-ledet opdrag i Afghanistan, med mere end 13 000 soldater [på udlån fra militærenheder fra forskellige land som er medlemmer af NATO].<ref name="DPARS20141202">{{en sprog}} {{cite news|title=NATO chief, Afghan president welcome "new phase" as combat role ends|url=http://www.dpa-international.com/news/asia/nato-afghan-president-ghani-tolaunch-new-2015-mission-a-43481490.html|accessdate=7. februar 2015 |work=DPA |agency=DPA|date=2. december 2014}} {{en sprog}}</ref> Soldater som deltar i ''Operation Resolute Support'' skal blandt andet være [[militærrådgiver]]e for [[Afghanistan's sikkerhedsstyrker]].<ref name="auto2"/>
 
=== Slaget om Kunduz ===
[[Slaget om Kunduz 2015|Slaget om byen Kunduz]] i [[Kunduz (provins)|Kunduz-provinsen]], varede mellem 24 april 2015 og 14 oktober 2015. Modstandsfolk tok byen på 27 september 2015. [[Afghanistan's sikkerhedsstyrker]] tok tilbage byen d. 14. oktober 2015.<ref name="Commandant">{{en sprog}} {{cite web |title=Taliban exit Afghan city of Kunduz but claims mission was success|url=http://edition.cnn.com/2015/10/14/asia/afghanistan-taliban-kunduz-withdrawal/}} {{en sprog}}</ref>
 
=== 2016 fredsaftale ===
Den 22. september 2016 signerte Afghanistan's myndigheder en fredsaftale med [[Hezbi Islami]].<ref>{{en sprog}} {{cite web |url=http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/23/world/asia/afghanistan-peace-deal-hezb-i-islami.html |title=Afghanistan Signs Draft Peace Deal With Faction Led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar |date=23. september 2016 |work=The New York Times}}</ref><ref>{{en sprog}} {{cite web|url=http://www.latimes.com/world/la-fg-afghanistan-agreement-20160922-snap-story.html |title=Afghanistan takes a step toward peace with notorious ex-warlord|publisher=Los Angeles Times}} {{en sprog}}</ref> Aftalen blev formaliseret på d. 29. september: præsident [[Ashraf Ghani]] og [[Hekmatyar]] signerede aftalen.<ref name="Formalised">{{en sprog}} {{cite web |url=http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/09/afghanistan-ghani-hekmatyar-sign-peace-deal-160929092524754.html |title=Afghanistan: Ghani, Hekmatyar sign peace deal |publisher=Al Jazeera |date=29. september 2016}}</ref>
 
=== 2017 ===
I begyndelsen af januar 2017 skrev ''The Marine Corps Times'' at 33 distrikter, som ligger i 16 provinser, er under kontrol af modstandsfolk; 258 distrikter er under myndighedernes kontrol mens 120 distrikter er det tvivl om hvem som kontrollerer.<ref name="auto2">{{en sprog}} {{cite web|url=https://www.marinecorpstimes.com/articles/marines-afghanistan-taliban-task-force|title=The U.S. Marines are sending a task force back to Afghanistan's Helmand province|publisher=Marine Corps Times|date=6. januar 2017}} {{en sprog}}</ref>
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== Se også ==
* [[Afghanistan's sikkerhedsstyrker|Afghanistan's sikkerhedsstyrker/de afghanske sikkerhedsstyrker]]
 
== Referencer ==
{{Reflist|2}}
 
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