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==Miljø==
==Sustainability and environment==
[[File:Floriade Canberra ACT.JPG|thumb|[[Floriade (Canberra)|Floriade]] is held in [[Commonwealth Park]] every spring. It is the largest flower festival in the Southern Hemisphere, employing and encouraging environmental practises, including the use of [[green energy]].<ref name="floriadeaustralia" />]]
TheDen averagegennemsnitlige Canberranindbygger wasi responsibleCanberra var ansvarlig for 13.7en tonnesudledning ofaf greenhouse13,7 gaseston in[[Drivhusgas|drivhusgasser]] i 2005.<ref>{{Cite journal|url=http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/topics/significant_projects/planning_studies/sustainable_future/sustainability_issues_in_canberra__background|title=Sustainability issues in Canberra – background|date=13. Junejuni 2012|publisher=ACT Government|archivedate=26. Aprilapril 2013|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130426120230/http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/topics/significant_projects/planning_studies/sustainable_future/sustainability_issues_in_canberra__background|ref=harv}}</ref> InI 2012 theopsatte regeringen i ACT Governmenten legislatedmålsætning [[greenhouseom gas]]at targetsreducere toudledningen reducemed its40 emissions% byfra 40&nbsp;per&nbsp;centniveauet fromi 1990 levels byi 2020, 80&nbsp;per&nbsp;cent% byi 2050, with noog netingen emissionsnettoudledning byi&nbsp;2060.<ref>{{cite press release|url=http://www.actconference.com.au/?q=News&id=4567f709-a37e-c5be-fec6-521e9b7ab45a|title=Minister showcases Canberra's sustainability success|date=28. Augustaugust 2013|first=Simon|last=Corbell|author-link=Simon Corbell}}</ref> TheRegeringen governmentsatte announced ini 2013 asom targetmålsætning, forat 90% ofaf electricityelforbruget consumed in thei ACT toskal bekomme suppliedfra fromvedvarende renewable sourcesenergi byi 2020,<ref name=renewable/> andhvilket ini 2016 setblev anændret ambitious target oftil 100% by 2020.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/act-commits-to-100-per-cent-renewable-energy-target-by-2020-simon-corbell-20160428-goh1l9.html|newspaper=The Canberra Times|publisher=Fairfax Media|date=29 April 2016|first=Kirsten|last=Lawson|title=ACT commits to 100 per cent renewable energy target by 2020: Simon Corbell|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160528225654/http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/act-commits-to-100-per-cent-renewable-energy-target-by-2020-simon-corbell-20160428-goh1l9.html|archivedate=28 May 2016 }}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-04-29/act-to-be-powered-by-100-per-cent-renewable-energy-by-2020/7369004|title=ACT to be powered by 100pc renewable energy by 2020|date=29 April 2016|publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160609180143/http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-04-29/act-to-be-powered-by-100-per-cent-renewable-energy-by-2020/7369004|archivedate=9 June 2016}}</ref>
 
In 1996 Canberra became the first city in the world to set a vision of [[zero waste|no waste]], proposing an ambitious target of 2010 for completion.<ref>{{Cite journal|url=http://www.uam.es/personal_pdi/ciencias/jaimefa/jaimecuevas/zerow.pdf|title=Zero waste|date=September 2001|publisher=Residua|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20111118131737/http://www.uam.es/personal_pdi/ciencias/jaimefa/jaimecuevas/zerow.pdf|archivedate=18 November 2011|ref=harv}}</ref> The strategy aimed to achieve a waste-free society by 2010, through the combined efforts of industry, government and community.<ref>{{Cite journal|url=http://fennerschool-people.anu.edu.au/richard_baker/SRES3028/example_work/Sandra%20Lauer/learningportfolio/pdfs/SRES6528_waste_policy_brief.pdf|title=Reducing commercial waste going to landfill in Canberra by improving the waste management practices of micro businesses|publisher=ACT Government|date=23. Maymaj 2007|first=Sandra |last=Lauer|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130519094021/http://fennerschool-people.anu.edu.au/richard_baker/SRES3028/example_work/Sandra%20Lauer/learningportfolio/pdfs/SRES6528_waste_policy_brief.pdf|archivedate=19. Maymaj 2013|ref=harv}}</ref> By early 2010, it was apparent that though it had reduced waste going to landfill, the ACT initiative's original 2010 target for absolutely zero landfill waste would be delayed or revised to meet the reality.<ref>{{Cite journal|publisher=CityNews Canberra|date=2. Marchmarts 2011|title=Canberra's waste dilemma|url=http://citynews.com.au/2011/canberras-waste-dilemma/|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130505115656/http://citynews.com.au/2011/canberras-waste-dilemma/|archivedate=5. Maymaj 2013|ref=harv}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/2010-02-26/no-waste/345222|title=No waste|first=Craig|last=Allen|date=1. Marchmarts 2010|publisher=ABC News|ref=harv}}</ref>
 
[[Plastic bags]] made of [[polyethylene]] polymer with a thickness of less than 35&nbsp;[[µm]] were banned from retail distribution in the ACT from November 2011.<ref>{{Cite journal|url=https://www.canberraconnect.act.gov.au/app/answers/detail/a_id/1316|title=Plastic Bag Ban|date=1 November 2011|publisher=ACT Government|ref=harv}}</ref><ref name=PlasticBags>{{cite news|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-11-01/act-bag-ban-begins/3611860|title=ACT bag ban begins|first=Kathleen|last=Dyett|date=1 November 2011|publisher=ABC News|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120112235537/http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-11-01/act-bag-ban-begins/3611860|archivedate=12 January 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|publisher=ABC News|title=Bin bag sales booming|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-01-09/act-bin-bag-sales/3764100?section=act|date=9 January 2012|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120112175608/http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-01-09/act-bin-bag-sales/3764100?section=act|archivedate=12 January 2012}}</ref> The ban was introduced by the ACT Government in an effort to make Canberra more sustainable.<ref name=PlasticBags/>
 
Of all waste produced in the ACT, 75&nbsp;per&nbsp;cent is [[recycled]].<ref>{{Cite journal|url=http://blogs.abc.net.au/canberra/2010/01/no-waste-2010-some-waste-2010.html|title=No waste 2010=some waste 2010|first=Lucy|last=Nash|date=18. Januaryjanuar 2010|publisher=666 ABC Canberra|ref=harv|deadurl=yes|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150111204345/http://blogs.abc.net.au/canberra/2010/01/no-waste-2010-some-waste-2010.html|archivedate=11. Januaryjanuar 2015|df=dmy-all}}</ref> Average household [[food waste]] in the ACT remains above the Australian average, costing an average $641&nbsp;per&nbsp;household per&nbsp;annum.<ref>{{cite news|title=Saving money can help save others|first=Penny |last=Pryor|date=30. Octoberoktober 2011|newspaper=The Canberra Times|publisher=Fairfax Media|url=http://www.canberratimes.com.au/money/saving/saving-money-can-help-save-others-20111029-1mp5c.html|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120604215124/http://www.canberratimes.com.au/money/saving/saving-money-can-help-save-others-20111029-1mp5c.html|archivedate=4. Junejuni 2012}}</ref>
 
Canberra's annual [[Floriade (Canberra)|Floriade]] festival features a large display of flowers every Spring in [[Commonwealth Park]]. The organisers of the event have a strong environmental standpoint, promoting and using [[green energy]], "green catering", [[sustainability|sustainable paper]], the conservation and saving of water.<ref name="floriadeaustralia">{{cite web|url=http://www.floriadeaustralia.com/about-floriade/environmental-care/|title=Environmental care|work=www.floriadeaustralia.com|accessdate=9 March 2015|deadurl=yes|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150226235141/http://www.floriadeaustralia.com/about-floriade/environmental-care/|archivedate=26. Februaryfebruar 2015|df=dmy-all}}</ref> The event is also smoke-free.<ref name="floriadeaustralia" />
 
==Arts and entertainment==
[[File:War memorial 01.jpg|right|thumb|The [[Australian War Memorial]]]]
 
Canberra is home to many national monuments and institutions such as the [[Australian War Memorial]], the [[National Gallery of Australia]], the [[National Portrait Gallery (Australia)|National Portrait Gallery]], the [[National Library of Australia|National Library]],<ref name=map/> the [[National Archives of Australia|National Archives]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.naa.gov.au/info/opening-hours/index.aspx |title=Locations and opening hours |publisher=[[National Archives of Australia]] |accessdate=23. Aprilapril 2010|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20121006072421/http://naa.gov.au/about-us/organisation/locations/index.aspx|archivedate=6. Octoberoktober 2012}}</ref> the [[Australian Academy of Science]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.science.org.au/dome/ |title=The Shine Dome |publisher=[[Australian Academy of Science]] |accessdate=23. Aprilapril 2010}}</ref> the [[National Film and Sound Archive]] and the [[National Museum of Australia|National Museum]].<ref name=map/> Many Commonwealth government buildings in Canberra are open to the public, including [[Parliament House, Canberra|Parliament House]], the [[High Court of Australia|High Court]] and the [[Royal Australian Mint]].<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.highcourt.gov.au/about_05.html |title=Visiting the High Court |publisher=[[High Court of Australia]] |accessdate=23. Aprilapril 2010 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20091017212110/http://www.highcourt.gov.au/about_05.html |archivedate=17. Octoberoktober 2009 |df=dmy-all }}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.aph.gov.au/visitors/index.htm |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120217052026/http://aph.gov.au/visitors/index.htm|archivedate=17. Februaryfebruar 2012|title=Visitors |publisher=[[Parliament of Australia]] |accessdate=23. Aprilapril 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ramint.gov.au/visit/ |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130518155139/http://www.ramint.gov.au/visit/|archivedate=18 May 2013|title=Opening hours |publisher=[[Royal Australian Mint]] |accessdate=17 September 2013}}</ref>
 
Lake Burley Griffin is the site of the [[Captain James Cook Memorial]] and the [[National Carillon]].<ref name=map>{{cite web|url=http://www.nationalcapital.gov.au/enjoythelake/map.asp |title=Lake Burley Griffin Interactive Map |accessdate=1 June 2009 |publisher=[[National Capital Authority]] |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20090522024956/http://www.nationalcapital.gov.au/enjoythelake/map.asp |archivedate=22 May 2009 }}</ref> Other sites of interest include the [[Telstra Tower]], the [[Australian National Botanic Gardens]], the [[National Zoo and Aquarium]], the [[National Dinosaur Museum]] and [[National Science and Technology Centre, Canberra|Questacon – the National Science and Technology Centre]].<ref name=map/><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.visitcanberra.com.au/Things%20to%20do%20and%20see/Outdoor%20and%20nature.aspx?currPage=2&category=&l |title=Outdoor and Nature |publisher=Visit Canberra |accessdate=23. Aprilapril 2010 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20101231124810/http://www.visitcanberra.com.au/Things%20to%20do%20and%20see/Outdoor%20and%20nature.aspx?currPage=2&category=&l |archivedate=31. Decemberdecember 2010 }}</ref>
 
[[File:NLA Canberra-01JAC.JPG|thumb|right|A copy of every book published in Australia is required by law to be held by the [[National Library of Australia]].<ref>{{cite Legislation AU|Cth|act|ca1968133|Copyright Act 1968|201}}</ref>]]
 
The [[Canberra Museum and Gallery]] in [[City, Australian Capital Territory|the city]] is a repository of local history and art, housing a permanent collection and visiting exhibitions.<ref>{{Cite journal|url=http://www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au/cmag/index.html|title=Canberra Museum and Gallery|archivedate=11. Maymaj 2013|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130511045428/http://www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au/cmag/index.html|publisher=ACT Government|ref=harv}}</ref> Several historic homes are open to the public: Lanyon and Tuggeranong Homesteads in the [[Tuggeranong|Tuggeranong Valley]],<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au/lanyon/index.html | title=Lanyon | publisher=ACT Museums and Galleries | accessdate=13 May 2010 | deadurl=yes | archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20091030015221/http://www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au/lanyon/index.html | archivedate=30 October 2009 | df=dmy-all }}</ref><ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.events.act.gov.au/?/event/view/225 | title=Minders of Tuggeranong Homestead | publisher=[[Australian Capital Territory Chief Minister's Department|Chief Minister's Department]] | accessdate=13 May 2010 }}</ref> Mugga-Mugga in [[Symonston, Australian Capital Territory|Symonston]],<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au/mugga/index.html |title=Mugga-Mugga |publisher=ACT Museums and Galleries |accessdate=13 May 2010 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20091030015314/https://www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au/mugga/index.html |archivedate=30 October 2009 |df=dmy }}</ref> and Blundells' Cottage in [[Parkes, Australian Capital Territory|Parkes]] all display the lifestyle of the early European settlers.<ref name=BLUNDELL/> Calthorpes' House in [[Red Hill, Australian Capital Territory|Red Hill]] is a well-preserved example of a 1920s house from Canberra's very early days.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au/calthorpes/index.html | title=Calthorpes' House | publisher=ACT Museums and Galleries | accessdate=13 May 2010 | deadurl=yes | archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20091025175222/http://www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au/calthorpes/index.html | archivedate=25 October 2009 | df=dmy-all }}</ref>
Canberra has many venues for live music and theatre: the [[Canberra Theatre|Canberra Theatre and Playhouse]] which hosts many major concerts and productions;<ref>{{cite book|title=The Dictionary of Performing Arts in Australia: Opera, Dance, Music
|isbn=1-86448-005-X |last1=Atkinson|first1=Ann|last2=Knight|first2=Linsay|last3=McPhee|first3=Margaret|pages=46–47 |publisher=Allen & Unwin |year=1996}}</ref> and Llewellyn Hall (within the [[ANU School of Music]]), a world-class concert hall are two of the most notable.<ref name=rg>{{cite book |title=Rough Guide to Australia |last=Daly|first=Margo |publisher=Rough Guides |year= 2003 |page=67|isbn=1-84353-090-2 }}</ref> The Street Theatre is a venue with less mainstream offerings.<ref name=rg/> [[Albert Hall, Canberra|The Albert Hall]] was the city's first performing arts venue, opened in 1928. It was the original performance venue for theatre groups such as the Canberra Repertory Society.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.naa.gov.au/about-us/publications/fact-sheets/fs250.aspx |title=Fact sheets |publisher=[[National Archives of Australia]] |accessdate=17. Septemberseptember 2013|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110809131626/http://www.naa.gov.au/about-us/publications/fact-sheets/fs250.aspx|archivedate=9 August 2011}}</ref>
 
[[Stonefest]] was a large annual festival, for some years one of the biggest festivals in Canberra.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.canberratimes.com.au/entertainment/music/foreshore-festival-axed-for-2013-20130709-2pmz3.html|newspaper=The Canberra Times|publisher=Fairfax Media|first=Jenna|last=Clarke|date=9 July 2013|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130818125850/http://www.canberratimes.com.au/entertainment/music/foreshore-festival-axed-for-2013-20130709-2pmz3.html|archivedate=18 August 2013|title=Foreshore Festival axed for 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/music/stone-rolls-on-20121010-27d7j.html|newspaper=The Sydney Morning Herald|publisher=Fairfax Media|date=11 October 2012|title=Stone rolls on|first1=Naomi|last1=Fallon|first2=Joni|last2=Scanlon|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20151105035857/http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/music/stone-rolls-on-20121010-27d7j.html|archivedate=5 November 2015}}</ref> It was downsized and rebranded as Stone Day in 2012.<ref>{{citation|url=http://musicfeeds.com.au/news/stonefest-returns-as-stone-day-2012-lineup-announced/|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120919153650/http://musicfeeds.com.au/news/stonefest-returns-as-stone-day-2012-lineup-announced/|archivedate=19. Septemberseptember 2012|date=16. Septemberseptember 2012|title=Stonefest Returns As ‘Stone Day’ – 2012 Lineup Announced |first=Kiel|last=Egging|publisher=Music Feeds}}</ref> There are numerous bars and nightclubs which also offer live entertainment, particularly concentrated in the areas of [[Dickson, Australian Capital Territory|Dickson]], [[Kingston, Australian Capital Territory|Kingston]] and [[City, Australian Capital Territory|the city]].{{sfn|Vaisutis|2009|pp=283-285}} Most town centres have facilities for a community theatre and a cinema, and they all have a library.{{sfn|Universal Publishers|2007|pp=10-12}} Popular cultural events include the [[National Folk Festival (Australia)|National Folk Festival]], the [[Royal Canberra Show]], the [[Summernats]] car festival, [[Enlighten Canberra|Enlighten]] festival, the [[National Multicultural Festival]] in February and the ''Celebrate Canberra'' festival held over 10 days in March in conjunction with Canberra Day.{{sfn|Vaisutis|2009|pp=278}}
 
[[File:Canberra Nara park.JPG|thumb|right|Canberra–Nara park with [[Kasuga Shrine|Kasuga]] [[Tōrō|stone lanterns]] framed by the gate]]
 
Canberra maintains sister-city relationships with both [[Nara, Nara|Nara]], Japan and Beijing, China. Canberra has friendship-city relationships with both [[Dili]], East Timor and [[Hangzhou]], China.<ref name=Canberra/> City-to-city relationships encourage communities and special interest groups both locally and abroad to engage in a wide range of exchange activities. The Canberra Nara Candle Festival held annually in spring, is a community celebration of the Canberra Nara Sister City relationship.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/09/26/2375107.htm |title=Festival celebrates Canberra-Nara friendship |publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation |date=26. Septemberseptember 2008 |accessdate=23. Aprilapril 2010 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20080929012547/http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/09/26/2375107.htm |archivedate=29 September 2008 |deadurl=yes |df= }}</ref> The festival is held in Canberra Nara Park on the shores of Lake Burley Griffin.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.tams.act.gov.au/parks-recreation/parks_and_reserves/urban_parks/district_parks/canberra_nara_park |archive-url=https://archive.is/20130917070057/http://www.tams.act.gov.au/parks-recreation/parks_and_reserves/urban_parks/district_parks/canberra_nara_park |dead-url=yes |archive-date=17. Septemberseptember 2013 |title=Canberra Nara Park |publisher=ACT Government Territory and Municipal Services| date=9. Octoberoktober 1999 |accessdate=17. Septemberseptember 2013}}</ref>
 
==Media==
As Australia's capital, Canberra is the most important centre for much of Australia's political reportage and thus all the major media, including the [[Australian Broadcasting Corporation]], the commercial television networks, and the metropolitan newspapers maintain local bureaus. News organisations are represented in the "[[Canberra Press Gallery|press gallery]]", a group of journalists who report on the national [[Parliament of Australia|parliament]]. The National Press Club of Australia in [[Barton, Australian Capital Territory|Barton]] has regular television broadcasts of its lunches at which a prominent guest, typically a politician or other public figure, delivers a speech followed by a question-and-answer session.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.npc.org.au/upcomingspeakers/speakerarchive.html | title=Speaker archive | publisher=National Press Club of Australia | accessdate=13. Maymaj 2010 | deadurl=yes | archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100419074913/http://www.npc.org.au/upcomingSpeakers/speakerArchive.html | archivedate=19 April 2010 | df=dmy-all }}</ref>
 
===Print===
Canberra has a daily newspaper, ''[[The Canberra Times]]'', which was established in 1926.{{sfn|Wigmore|1971|p=87}}<ref>{{cite news|title=History of a paper anniversary|newspaper=The Canberra Times|publisher=Fairfax Media|first=Jack|last=Waterford|author-link=Jack Waterford|date=3 March 2013|url=http://www.canberratimes.com.au/federal-politics/history-of-a-paper-anniversary-20130302-2fd76.html|archivedate=17. Septemberseptember 2013|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130917072242/http://www.canberratimes.com.au/federal-politics/history-of-a-paper-anniversary-20130302-2fd76.html}}</ref> There are also several free weekly publications, including news magazines ''CityNews'' and ''Canberra Weekly'' as well as entertainment guide ''[[BMA Magazine]]''. ''BMA Magazine'' first went to print in 1992; the inaugural edition featured coverage of the [[Nirvana (band)|Nirvana]] [[Nevermind]] tour.<ref>{{cite web|title=BMA comes of age|url=http://www.abc.net.au/local/stories/2013/03/24/3722515.htm|date=24 March 2013|archivedate=7 October 2013|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131007160640/http://www.abc.net.au/local/stories/2013/03/24/3722515.htm|accessdate=30 January 2017|deadurl=no|publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation|website=666 ABC Canberra}}</ref>
 
===Radio===
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