Forskel mellem versioner af "Canberra"

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Begge pladser i Repræsentanternes Hus har typisk været vundet af Labor, ofte med sikker margen.<ref name=ABCelections2007>{{cite web |title=Canberra |url=http://www.abc.net.au/elections/federal/2007/guide/canb.htm |publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation |date=29 December 2007 |accessdate=31. januar 2010 }}</ref><ref name=fras>{{cite web |title=Fraser |url=http://www.abc.net.au/elections/federal/2007/guide/fras.htm |publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation |date= 29. december 2007 |accessdate=31. januar 2010 }}</ref> Labor Party har fået mindst syv procentpoint mere end [[Liberal Party of Australia|Liberal Party]] ved alle føderale valg siden 1990, og gennemsnittet har været 15 procentpoint.<ref name=state_el/> ALP og Liberal Party har altid haft en plads hver i senatet.<ref>{{cite web |title=Senate – A.C.T. |url=http://www.abc.net.au/elections/federal/2007/guide/sact.htm |publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation |date=6. november 2007 |accessdate=31. januar 2010 }}</ref>
 
Australiens føderale regering har en del indflydelse på administrationen af ACT. Det sker blandt andet gennem [[National Capital Authority]], som står for planlægning og udvikling af områder i Canberra, som anses for at have national betydning eller er centrale for Griffins plan for byen,<ref name=nca/> som Parliamentary Triangle, Lake Burley Griffin, større tilkørselsveje, områder ejet af den australske stat samt ubebyggede bakkeområder der er en del af Canberra Nature Park.<ref name=nca>{{cite web | url=http://www.nationalcapital.gov.au/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=315&Itemid=284 | title=Administration of National Land | publisher=[[National Capital Authority]] | date=18. december 2008 | accessdate=13. maj 2010 }}</ref><ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.nationalcapital.gov.au/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=312&Itemid=281 | title=Capital Works Overview | date= 23. oktober 2008 | publisher=[[National Capital Authority]] | accessdate=13. maj 2010 }}</ref><ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.nationalcapital.gov.au/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=314&Itemid=283 | title=Maintenance and Operation of Assets | publisher=[[National Capital Authority]] | date= 23. oktober 2008| accessdate=13. maj 2010 }}</ref> Den føderale regering har også en vis kontrol gennem ''[[Australian Capital Territory (Self-Government) Act 1988]]'',<ref>{{cite Legislationweb AU|Cth|act|acta1988482|title=Australian Capital Territory (Self-Government) Act 1988 |url=http://www6.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdb/au/legis/cth/consol_act/acta1988482/|publisher=Commonwealth Consolidated Acts }}.</ref> som udstikker beføjelserne for ACTs lovgivende forsamling.<ref>{{cite Legislationweb AU|Cth|act|acta1988482/sch4.html|title=Australian Capital Territory (Self-Government) Act 1988}} Schedule 4 |url=http://www8.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/cth/consol_act/acta1988482/sch4.html|publisher=Commonwealth Consolidated Acts }}</ref>
 
Det [[Australian Federal Police|Australske Føderale Politi]] (AFP) er den udøvende politimyndighed i territoriet efter kontraktaftale med ACTs regering.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.afp.gov.au/recruitment/faqs/frequently_asked_questions_sworn.html#general |title=Frequently Asked Questions |date=19 November 2009 |publisher=[[Australian Federal Police]] |accessdate=21. januar 2010 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100103094447/http://www.afp.gov.au/recruitment/faqs/frequently_asked_questions_sworn.html |archivedate=3. januar 2010}}</ref> AFP har oprettet en speciel afdeling, ACT Policing ([[Australian Capital Territory Police]]), der står for denne opgave.<ref name=afpact>{{cite web|url=http://www.afp.gov.au/act.html |title=ACT Policing |publisher=[[Australian Federal Police]] |date=16. marts 2010 |accessdate=23. april 2010 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100127071930/http://www.afp.gov.au/act.html |archivedate=27. januar 2010}}</ref>
==Uddannelse==
[[File:ANU School of Art, Canberra.jpg|thumb|[[Australian National University|ANU]] School of Art (tidligere Canberra High School)|alt=]]
De to vigtigste videregående uddannelsesinstitutioner er [[Australian National University]] (ANU) i [[Acton, Australian Capital Territory|Acton]] og [[University of Canberra]] (UC) i [[Bruce, Australian Capital Territory|Bruce]] med henholdsvis mere end 10.500 og 8.000 fuldtids-studerende.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.goingtouni.gov.au/Main/CoursesAndProviders/ProvidersAndCourses/HigherEducationProviders/ACT/UniversityOfCanberra.htm |archivedate=11. december 2011|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20111211185734/http://www.goingtouni.gov.au/Main/CoursesAndProviders/ProvidersAndCourses/HigherEducationProviders/ACT/UniversityOfCanberra.htm|title= University of Canberra |publisher=[[Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations]] |accessdate=23. april 2010}}</ref><ref name=anu>{{cite web|url=http://www.goingtouni.gov.au/Main/CoursesAndProviders/ProvidersAndCourses/HigherEducationProviders/ACT/AustralianNationalUniversity.htm |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110927061511/http://www.goingtouni.gov.au/Main/CoursesAndProviders/ProvidersAndCourses/HigherEducationProviders/ACT/AustralianNationalUniversity.htm|archivedate=27. september 2011|title= Australian National University |publisher=[[Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations]] |accessdate=23. april 2010}}</ref> ANU blev grundlagt i 1946{{sfn|Gibbney|1988|pp=258-262}} og har altid haft fokus på forskning. Det regnes for at være et af verdens førende universiteter og det bedste i Australien ifølge ''[[The Times Higher Education Supplement]]'' og Shanghai Jiao Tong World University Rankings.<ref name=anu/><ref>{{cite web|publisher=Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University |year=2004 |url=http://ed.sjtu.edu.cn/rank/2004/top500(1-100).pdf |title=Academic Ranking of World Universities 2004 |accessdate=13.maj 2010 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20071127000011/http://ed.sjtu.edu.cn/rank/2004/top500%281-100%29.pdf |archivedate=27. Novembernovember 2007 |deadurl=yes |df= }}</ref> Der er to religiøse universiteter, som har et campus i Canberra: Signadou i den nordlige forstad [[Watson, Australian Capital Territory|Watson]] hører under [[Australian Catholic University]],<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.acu.edu.au/about_acu/our_campuses/canberra_campus/ | title=Canberra Campus | publisher=[[Australian Catholic University]] | date=5. maj 2010 | accessdate=13. maj 2010|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100127000949/http://www.acu.edu.au/about_acu/our_campuses/canberra_campus/|archivedate=27. januar 2010}}</ref> og St Mark's Theological College i [[Barton, Australian Capital Territory|Barton]] er en del af det sekulære [[Charles Sturt University]].<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.csu.edu.au/about/canberra.html |title=Canberra School of Theology |publisher=[[Charles Sturt University]] |accessdate=23. april 2010 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100430144112/http://www.csu.edu.au/about/canberra.html |archivedate=30. april 2010 |df=dmy-all }}</ref>
 
Det australske forsvarsakademi [[Australian Defence Force Academy]] (ADFA) og [[Royal Military College, Duntroon]] ligger i den indre forstad [[Campbell, Australian Capital Territory|Campbell]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.defence.gov.au/adc/ |archivedate=8. Augustaugust 2013|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130808042753/http://www.defence.gov.au/adc/|title=Australian Defence College |publisher=[[Australian Defence College]] |accessdate=23. Aprilapril 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://northcanberra.org.au/suburbs/campbell/ |title=Campbell |publisher=North Canberra Community Council |accessdate=23. Aprilapril 2010|archivedate=23. Aprilapril 2011|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110423191956/http://northcanberra.org.au/suburbs/campbell/}}</ref> ADFA underviser studerende fra militæret og omfatter UNSW@ADFA, en afdeling af [[University of New South Wales]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.defence.gov.au/adfa/about/program.html|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130827204738/http://www.defence.gov.au/adfa/about/program.html|archivedate=27. Augustaugust 2013|title=The Program |publisher=[[Australian Defence Force Academy]] |accessdate=23. Aprilapril 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.unsw.adfa.edu.au/about/index.html |title=Introduction |publisher=[[Australian Defence Force Academy]] |date=2. Aprilapril 2009 |accessdate=23. Aprilapril 2010|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20091112021023/http://www.unsw.adfa.edu.au/about/index.html|archivedate=12. Novembernovember 2009}}</ref> Duntroon provides [[Australian Army]] [[officer (armed forces)|officer]] training.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.defencejobs.gov.au/army/Training/officer.aspx |title=Officer Training |publisher=Defence Jobs |accessdate=23. Aprilapril 2010}}</ref> Videregående tekniske uddannelser udbydes af [[Canberra Institute of Technology]], som har flere campusser i Canberra.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.cit.act.edu.au/about/organisation/maps/ |title=Campus Maps |archivedate=23. Augustaugust 2010|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100823044821/http://www.cit.act.edu.au/about/organisation/maps/|publisher=[[Canberra Institute of Technology]] |date=25. Februaryfebruar 2010 |accessdate=23. Aprilapril 2010}}</ref>
 
I 2016 var der 132 skoler i Canberra, hvoraf de 87 var offentlige og de 45 private.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4221.0Main+Features12016?OpenDocument|title=4221.0 - Schools, Australia, 2016|publisher=[[Australian Bureau of Statistics]]|date=2. Februaryfebruar 2017|accessdate=4. Marchmarts 2017}}</ref> I 2006 annoncerede ACT's regering, at man ville lukke op til 39 skoler hen mod år 2020.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://activated.act.edu.au/2020/ |archivedate=2 March 2011|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110302062759/http://activated.act.edu.au/2020/| title=Towards 2020: Renewing Our Schools – Message from the Minister | publisher=ACT Department of Education and Training | last=Barr|first=Andrew | year=2007 | accessdate=13. maj 2005 | authorlink=Andrew Barr }}</ref> Som et resultat heraf lukkede nogle skoler i 2006–08, mens andre blev lagt sammen som kombinerede grund- og sekundærskoler. Den nye politik mødte betydelig modstand.<ref>{{cite web| url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/10/29/2727379.htm | date=29 October 2009 |accessdate=10. maj 2010 |title=Closing date for primary school |publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Tharwa, Hall schools should be reopened: committee |url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/09/17/2688701.htm|publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation |accessdate=13. maj 2010 | date=17. september 2009}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=School closures report 'doesn't go far enough'|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/09/18/2689533.htm|archivedate=31. januar 2010|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100131030555/http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/09/18/2689533.htm|publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation |accessdate=13. maj 2010 | date=18. september 2009}}</ref> De fleste forstæder er planlagt, så de har en grundskole og en børnehave tæt på. Typisk ligger de ved åbne områder med mulighed for leg og sportsaktiviteter.{{sfn|Universal Publishers|2007|pp=1-90}} I ACT går 40,6 % af eleverne på en privatskole, hvilket er den højeste andel for en australsk delstat/territorium.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/public-schools-win-young-but-lose-seniors-20130507-2j63d.html|archivedate=28 February 2014|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140228235058/http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/public-schools-win-young-but-lose-seniors-20130507-2j63d.html|title=Public schools win young, but lose seniors|first=Emma|last=Macdonald|date=8. maj 2013|newspaper=The Canberra Times|publisher=Fairfax Media}}</ref>
 
==Miljø==
[[File:Floriade Canberra ACT.JPG|thumb|[[Floriade (Canberra)|Floriaden]] afholdes hvert forår i [[Commonwealth Park]].|alt=]]
Den gennemsnitlige indbygger i Canberra var ansvarlig for udledning af 13,7 ton [[Drivhusgas|drivhusgasser]] i 2005.<ref>{{Cite journal|url=http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/topics/significant_projects/planning_studies/sustainable_future/sustainability_issues_in_canberra__background|title=Sustainability issues in Canberra – background|date=13. juni 2012|publisher=ACT Government|archivedate=26. april 2013|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130426120230/http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/topics/significant_projects/planning_studies/sustainable_future/sustainability_issues_in_canberra__background|ref=harv}}</ref> I 2012 opsatte regeringen i ACT en målsætning om at reducere udledningen med 40 % i 2020 fra niveauet i 1990, 80&nbsp;% i 2050 og ingen nettoudledning i&nbsp;2060.<ref>{{cite press release|url=http://www.actconference.com.au/?q=News&id=4567f709-a37e-c5be-fec6-521e9b7ab45a|title=Minister showcases Canberra's sustainability success|date=28. august 2013|first=Simon|last=Corbell|author-link=Simon Corbell}}</ref> Regeringen satte i 2013 som målsætning, at 90% af elforbruget i ACT skal komme fra vedvarende energi i 2020,<ref name=renewable/> hvilket i 2016 blev ændret til 100%.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/act-commits-to-100-per-cent-renewable-energy-target-by-2020-simon-corbell-20160428-goh1l9.html|newspaper=The Canberra Times|publisher=Fairfax Media|date=29. april 2016|first=Kirsten|last=Lawson|title=ACT commits to 100 per cent renewable energy target by 2020: Simon Corbell|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160528225654/http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/act-commits-to-100-per-cent-renewable-energy-target-by-2020-simon-corbell-20160428-goh1l9.html|archivedate=28. maj 2016 }}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-04-29/act-to-be-powered-by-100-per-cent-renewable-energy-by-2020/7369004|title=ACT to be powered by 100pc renewable energy by 2020|date=29. april 2016|publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160609180143/http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-04-29/act-to-be-powered-by-100-per-cent-renewable-energy-by-2020/7369004|archivedate=9. juni 2016}}</ref>
 
I 1996 blev Canberra verdens første by, der satte en målsætning om [[zero waste]], nul spild af affald. Det skulle nås i 2010 i et samarbejde mellem industri, det offentlige of lokale kræfter.<ref>{{Cite journal|url=http://www.uam.es/personal_pdi/ciencias/jaimefa/jaimecuevas/zerow.pdf|title=Zero waste|date=September 2001|publisher=Residua|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20111118131737/http://www.uam.es/personal_pdi/ciencias/jaimefa/jaimecuevas/zerow.pdf|archivedate=18. november 2011|ref=harv}}</ref> <ref>{{Cite journal|url=http://fennerschool-people.anu.edu.au/richard_baker/SRES3028/example_work/Sandra%20Lauer/learningportfolio/pdfs/SRES6528_waste_policy_brief.pdf|title=Reducing commercial waste going to landfill in Canberra by improving the waste management practices of micro businesses|publisher=ACT Government|date=23. maj 2007|first=Sandra |last=Lauer|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130519094021/http://fennerschool-people.anu.edu.au/richard_baker/SRES3028/example_work/Sandra%20Lauer/learningportfolio/pdfs/SRES6528_waste_policy_brief.pdf|archivedate=19. maj 2013|ref=harv}}</ref> Tidligt i 2010 stod det klart, at man ikke ville nå målsætningen. 75 % af al affald i ACT blev [[Genbrug|genbrugt]].<ref>{{Cite journal|url=http://blogs.abc.net.au/canberra/2010/01/no-waste-2010-some-waste-2010.html|title=No waste 2010=some waste 2010|first=Lucy|last=Nash|date=18. januar 2010|publisher=666 ABC Canberra|ref=harv|deadurl=yes|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150111204345/http://blogs.abc.net.au/canberra/2010/01/no-waste-2010-some-waste-2010.html|archivedate=11. januar 2015|df=dmy-all}}</ref> Madspild pr husholdning i ACT var over landsgennemsnittet og kostede hver husholdning 641&nbsp;AUD om året.<ref>{{cite news|title=Saving money can help save others|first=Penny|last=Pryor|date=30. oktober 2011|newspaper=The Canberra Times|publisher=Fairfax Media|url=http://www.canberratimes.com.au/money/saving/saving-money-can-help-save-others-20111029-1mp5c.html|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120604215124/http://www.canberratimes.com.au/money/saving/saving-money-can-help-save-others-20111029-1mp5c.html|archivedate=4. juni 2012}}</ref>
 
[[Plasticpose|Plasticposer]] lavet af [[Polyethylen|polyethylene]] [[Polymer|polymerer]] med en tykkelse mindre end 35&nbsp;[[µm]] blev forbudt i [[Detailhandel|detailhandlen]] i ACT fra november 2011.<ref>{{Cite journal|url=https://www.canberraconnect.act.gov.au/app/answers/detail/a_id/1316|title=Plastic Bag Ban|date=1. november 2011|publisher=ACT Government|ref=harv}}</ref><ref name=PlasticBags>{{cite news|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-11-01/act-bag-ban-begins/3611860|title=ACT bag ban begins|first=Kathleen|last=Dyett|date=1. november 2011|publisher=ABC News|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120112235537/http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-11-01/act-bag-ban-begins/3611860|archivedate=12. januar 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|publisher=ABC News|title=Bin bag sales booming|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-01-09/act-bin-bag-sales/3764100?section=act|date=9. januar 2012|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120112175608/http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-01-09/act-bin-bag-sales/3764100?section=act|archivedate=12. januar 2012}}</ref> Forbuddet skulle gøre Canberra mere bæredygtig.<ref name=PlasticBags/>
 
[[Floriade (Canberra)|Floriaden]] afholdes hvert forår i [[Commonwealth Park]]. Det er den største blomsterfestival på den sydlige havlvkugle. Den anvender og opfordrer til at anvende miljøvenlige metoder, heriblandt brug af [[Grøn Energi|grøn energi]].<ref name="floriadeaustralia2">{{cite web|url=http://www.floriadeaustralia.com/about-floriade/environmental-care/|title=Environmental care|work=www.floriadeaustralia.com|accessdate=9 March 2015|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150226235141/http://www.floriadeaustralia.com/about-floriade/environmental-care/|archivedate=26. februar 2015|deadurl=yes|df=dmy-all}}</ref>, genbrugspapir og vandbesparende foranstaltninger.<ref name="floriadeaustralia">{{cite web|url=http://www.floriadeaustralia.com/about-floriade/environmental-care/|title=Environmental care|work=www.floriadeaustralia.com|accessdate=9 March 2015|deadurl=yes|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150226235141/http://www.floriadeaustralia.com/about-floriade/environmental-care/|archivedate=26. februar 2015|df=dmy-all}}</ref> Festivallen er også røgfri.<ref name="floriadeaustralia" />
 
== Sport ==
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