Forskel mellem versioner af "Canberra"

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Det australske forsvarsakademi [[Australian Defence Force Academy]] (ADFA) og [[Royal Military College, Duntroon]] ligger i den indre forstad [[Campbell, Australian Capital Territory|Campbell]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.defence.gov.au/adc/ |archivedate=8. august 2013|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130808042753/http://www.defence.gov.au/adc/|title=Australian Defence College |publisher=[[Australian Defence College]] |accessdate=23. april 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://northcanberra.org.au/suburbs/campbell/ |title=Campbell |publisher=North Canberra Community Council |accessdate=23. april 2010|archivedate=23. april 2011|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110423191956/http://northcanberra.org.au/suburbs/campbell/}}</ref> ADFA underviser studerende fra militæret og omfatter UNSW@ADFA, en afdeling af [[University of New South Wales]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.defence.gov.au/adfa/about/program.html|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130827204738/http://www.defence.gov.au/adfa/about/program.html|archivedate=27. august 2013|title=The Program |publisher=[[Australian Defence Force Academy]] |accessdate=23. april 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.unsw.adfa.edu.au/about/index.html |title=Introduction |publisher=[[Australian Defence Force Academy]] |date=2. april 2009 |accessdate=23. april 2010|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20091112021023/http://www.unsw.adfa.edu.au/about/index.html|archivedate=12. november 2009}}</ref> Duntroon provides [[Australian Army]] [[officer (armed forces)|officer]] training.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.defencejobs.gov.au/army/Training/officer.aspx |title=Officer Training |publisher=Defence Jobs |accessdate=23. april 2010}}</ref> Videregående tekniske uddannelser udbydes af [[Canberra Institute of Technology]], som har flere campusser i Canberra.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.cit.act.edu.au/about/organisation/maps/ |title=Campus Maps |archivedate=23. august 2010|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100823044821/http://www.cit.act.edu.au/about/organisation/maps/|publisher=[[Canberra Institute of Technology]] |date=25. februar 2010 |accessdate=23. april 2010}}</ref>
 
I 2016 var der 132 skoler i Canberra, hvoraf de 87 var offentlige og de 45 private.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4221.0Main+Features12016?OpenDocument|title=4221.0 - Schools, Australia, 2016|publisher=[[Australian Bureau of Statistics]]|date=2. februar 2017|accessdate=4. marts 2017}}</ref> I 2006 annoncerede ACT's regering, at man ville lukke op til 39 skoler hen mod år 2020.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://activated.act.edu.au/2020/ |archivedate=2 March 2011|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110302062759/http://activated.act.edu.au/2020/| title=Towards 2020: Renewing Our Schools – Message from the Minister | publisher=ACT Department of Education and Training | last=Barr|first=Andrew | year=2007 | accessdate=13. maj 2005 | authorlink=Andrew Barr }}</ref> Som et resultat heraf lukkede nogle skoler i 2006–08, mens andre blev lagt sammen som kombinerede grund- og sekundærskoler. Den nye politik mødte betydelig modstand.<ref>{{cite web| url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/10/29/2727379.htm | date=29 Octoberoktober 2009 |accessdate=10. maj 2010 |title=Closing date for primary school |publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Tharwa, Hall schools should be reopened: committee |url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/09/17/2688701.htm|publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation |accessdate=13. maj 2010 | date=17. september 2009}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=School closures report 'doesn't go far enough'|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/09/18/2689533.htm|archivedate=31. januar 2010|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100131030555/http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/09/18/2689533.htm|publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation |accessdate=13. maj 2010 | date=18. september 2009}}</ref> De fleste forstæder er planlagt, så de har en grundskole og en børnehave tæt på. Typisk ligger de ved åbne områder med mulighed for leg og sportsaktiviteter.{{sfn|Universal Publishers|2007|pp=1-90}} I ACT går 40,6 % af eleverne på en privatskole, hvilket er den højeste andel for en australsk delstat/territorium.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/public-schools-win-young-but-lose-seniors-20130507-2j63d.html|archivedate=28 February 2014|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140228235058/http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/public-schools-win-young-but-lose-seniors-20130507-2j63d.html|title=Public schools win young, but lose seniors|first=Emma|last=Macdonald|date=8. maj 2013|newspaper=The Canberra Times|publisher=Fairfax Media}}</ref>
 
==Miljø==
 
[[File:NLA Canberra-01JAC.JPG|thumb|En kopi af alle bøger udgivet i Australien skal efter lov opbevares på nationalbiblioteket [[National Library of Australia]].<ref>{{cite Legislation AU|Cth|act|ca1968133|Copyright Act 1968|201}}</ref>|alt=]]
[[Fil:Henry moore hill arches at the NGA.JPG|thumb|Hill Arches af [[Henry Moore]]. Skulptur placeret i Sculpture Garden, en del af [[National MuseumGallery of Australia]]]]
 
[[Canberra Museum and Gallery]] i [[City, Australian Capital Territory|city]] rummer lokalhistorie og kunst. Det har en permanent samling såvel som gæsteudstillinger.<ref>{{Cite journal|url=http://www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au/cmag/index.html|title=Canberra Museum and Gallery|archivedate=11. maj 2013|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130511045428/http://www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au/cmag/index.html|publisher=ACT Government|ref=harv}}</ref> Flere historiske hjem er åbne for offentligheden: Lanyon Homestead og Tuggeranong Homesteads i [[Tuggeranong|Tuggeranong Valley]],<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au/lanyon/index.html | title=Lanyon | publisher=ACT Museums and Galleries | accessdate=13. Maymaj 2010 | deadurl=yes | archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20091030015221/http://www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au/lanyon/index.html | archivedate=30. Octoberoktober 2009 | df=dmy-all }}</ref><ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.events.act.gov.au/?/event/view/225 | title=Minders of Tuggeranong Homestead | publisher=[[Australian Capital Territory Chief Minister's Department|Chief Minister's Department]] | accessdate=13. Maymaj 2010 }}</ref> Mugga-Mugga i [[Symonston, Australian Capital Territory|Symonston]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au/mugga/index.html |title=Mugga-Mugga |publisher=ACT Museums and Galleries |accessdate=13. Maymaj 2010 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20091030015314/https://www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au/mugga/index.html |archivedate=30. Octoberoktober 2009 |df=dmy }}</ref> og Blundells' Cottage i [[Parkes, Australian Capital Territory|Parkes]]. De viser alle, hvordan de tidlige europæiske bosættere levede.<ref name=BLUNDELL/> Calthorpes' House i [[Red Hill, Australian Capital Territory|Red Hill]] er et velbevaret eksempel på et hus fra Canberras tidlige dage i 1920'erne.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au/calthorpes/index.html | title=Calthorpes' House | publisher=ACT Museums and Galleries | accessdate=13. Maymaj 2010 | deadurl=yes | archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20091025175222/http://www.museumsandgalleries.act.gov.au/calthorpes/index.html | archivedate=25. Octoberoktober 2009 | df=dmy-all }}</ref>
Canberra har mange scener for levende musik og teater. De to vigtigste er [[Canberra Theatre|Canberra Theatre and Playhouse]], som afholder mange store koncerter og produktioner,<ref>{{cite book|title=The Dictionary of Performing Arts in Australia: Opera, Dance, Music
|isbn=1-86448-005-X |last1=Atkinson|first1=Ann|last2=Knight|first2=Linsay|last3=McPhee|first3=Margaret|pages=46–47 |publisher=Allen & Unwin |year=1996}}</ref> og Llewellyn Hall (en del af [[ANU School of Music]]), der er en koncertsal i verdensklasse.<ref name=rg>{{cite book |title=Rough Guide to Australia |last=Daly|first=Margo |publisher=Rough Guides |year= 2003 |page=67|isbn=1-84353-090-2 }}</ref> Street Theatre er en scene med mere alternative forestillinger og koncerter.<ref name=rg/> [[Albert Hall, Canberra|Albert Hall]] åbnede i 1928 og var byens første teater. Det var det oprindelige spillested for teatergrupper som Canberra Repertory Society.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.naa.gov.au/about-us/publications/fact-sheets/fs250.aspx |title=Fact sheets |publisher=[[National Archives of Australia]] |accessdate=17. september 2013|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110809131626/http://www.naa.gov.au/about-us/publications/fact-sheets/fs250.aspx|archivedate=9. Augustaugust 2011}}</ref>
 
[[Stonefest]] var tidligere en stor årlig festival i Canberra.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.canberratimes.com.au/entertainment/music/foreshore-festival-axed-for-2013-20130709-2pmz3.html|newspaper=The Canberra Times|publisher=Fairfax Media|first=Jenna|last=Clarke|date=9. Julyjuli 2013|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130818125850/http://www.canberratimes.com.au/entertainment/music/foreshore-festival-axed-for-2013-20130709-2pmz3.html|archivedate=18. Augustaugust 2013|title=Foreshore Festival axed for 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/music/stone-rolls-on-20121010-27d7j.html|newspaper=The Sydney Morning Herald|publisher=Fairfax Media|date=11. Octoberoktober 2012|title=Stone rolls on|first1=Naomi|last1=Fallon|first2=Joni|last2=Scanlon|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20151105035857/http://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/music/stone-rolls-on-20121010-27d7j.html|archivedate=5. Novembernovember 2015}}</ref> Den blev nedskaleret og omdøbt til Stone Day i 2012.<ref>{{citation|url=http://musicfeeds.com.au/news/stonefest-returns-as-stone-day-2012-lineup-announced/|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120919153650/http://musicfeeds.com.au/news/stonefest-returns-as-stone-day-2012-lineup-announced/|archivedate=19. september 2012|date=16. september 2012|title=Stonefest Returns As ‘Stone Day’ – 2012 Lineup Announced |first=Kiel|last=Egging|publisher=Music Feeds}}</ref> Der er mange barer og natklubber, som også har levende musik, især i [[Dickson, Australian Capital Territory|Dickson]], [[Kingston, Australian Capital Territory|Kingston]] og [[City, Australian Capital Territory|City]].{{sfn|Vaisutis|2009|pp=283-285}} De fleste bycentre har faciliteter til et lokalteater og biograf, og de har alle et bibliotek.{{sfn|Universal Publishers|2007|pp=10-12}} Populære kulturbegivenheder omfatter [[National Folk Festival (Australia)|National Folk Festival]], [[Royal Canberra Show]], [[Summernats]] bilfestival, [[Enlighten Canberra|Enlighten]] festival, [[National Multicultural Festival]] i februar og ''Celebrate Canberra'' festival afholdt over 10 dage i marts sammen med Canberra Day.{{sfn|Vaisutis|2009|pp=278}}
 
[[File:Canberra Nara park.JPG|thumb|Canberra–Nara park med [[Kasuga Shrine|Kasuga]] [[Tōrō|stenlanterner]].|alt=]]
 
Canberra har søsterbyerne [[Nara, Nara|Nara]] i Japan og, [[Beijing]] i Kina og [[Wellington]] i New Zealand. Canberra har derudover venskabsbyerne [[Dili]] i Østtimor og [[Hangzhou]] i Kina.<ref name=Canberra>{{cite web|url=https://www.cmtedd.act.gov.au/communication/cir/international_relationships|title=Canberra's international relationships |publisher=ACT Government|accessdate=20. januar 2019}}</ref> Der er en række aktiviteter sammen med søster- og venskabsbyerne. Hvert forår afholdes Canberra Nara Candle Festival i Canberra-Nara Park ved bredden af Burley Griffin-søen, som fejrer relationen mellem Canberra og Nara.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/09/26/2375107.htm |title=Festival celebrates Canberra-Nara friendship |publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation |date=26. september 2008 |accessdate=23. april 2010 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20080929012547/http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/09/26/2375107.htm |archivedate=29. Septemberseptember 2008 |deadurl=yes |df= }}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.tams.act.gov.au/parks-recreation/parks_and_reserves/urban_parks/district_parks/canberra_nara_park |archive-url=https://archive.is/20130917070057/http://www.tams.act.gov.au/parks-recreation/parks_and_reserves/urban_parks/district_parks/canberra_nara_park |dead-url=yes |archive-date=17. september 2013 |title=Canberra Nara Park |publisher=ACT Government Territory and Municipal Services| date=9. oktober 1999 |accessdate=17. september 2013}}</ref>
 
I 2013, i forbindelse med 100-året for byens grundlæggelse, skabte kunstneren [[Patricia Piccinini]] [[The Skywhale]] for at gå imod ryet, som Canberra havde, for at være en kedelig by.{{kilde mangler|dato=april 2015}}
 
==Medier==
Som Australiens hovedstad er Canberra centrum for den politiske reportage, og alle større australske medier som [[Australian Broadcasting Corporation]], de kommercielle tv-stationer og de store aviser har lokalafdelinger i byen. Mediernes journalister er en del af "[[Canberra Press Gallery|press gallery]]", den gruppe af journalister, som rapporterer fra det nationale [[Parliament of Australia|parlament]]. National Press Club of Australia i [[Barton, Australian Capital Territory|Barton]] har regulære tv-transmissioner fra dets frokoster, hvor en fremtrædende gæst, typisk en politiker eller anden offentlig figur, holder en tale efterfulgt af en spørgesession.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.npc.org.au/upcomingspeakers/speakerarchive.html | title=Speaker archive | publisher=National Press Club of Australia | accessdate=13. maj 2010 | deadurl=yes | archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20100419074913/http://www.npc.org.au/upcomingSpeakers/speakerArchive.html | archivedate=19. Aprilapril 2010 | df=dmy-all }}</ref>
 
===Aviser===
Canberra har en daglig avis, ''[[The Canberra Times]]'', som blev grundlagt i 1926.{{sfn|Wigmore|1971|p=87}}<ref>{{cite news|title=History of a paper anniversary|newspaper=The Canberra Times|publisher=Fairfax Media|first=Jack|last=Waterford|author-link=Jack Waterford|date=3. Marchmarts 2013|url=http://www.canberratimes.com.au/federal-politics/history-of-a-paper-anniversary-20130302-2fd76.html|archivedate=17. september 2013|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130917072242/http://www.canberratimes.com.au/federal-politics/history-of-a-paper-anniversary-20130302-2fd76.html}}</ref> Der er også flere gratis, ugentlige publikationer, som nyhedsmagasinerne ''CityNews'' og ''Canberra Weekly'' samt underholdningeguiden ''[[BMA Magazine]]'', som første gang udkom i 1992.
 
===Radio===
Alle stationer har flere kanaler.
 
Indtil 1989 var det kun ABC, SBS og Capital Television (CTC), som sendte i Canberra. CTC blev senere til Southern Cross Nine, mens Prime Television (nu Prime7) og WIN Television kom til i 1989 med en ny national licenspolitik.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Bills_Legislation/bd/bd0102/02bd132 |title=Bills Digest No. 132 2001–02: Broadcasting Services Amendment (Media Ownership) Bill 2002 |publisher=[[Parliament of Australia]] |date=21. Marchmarts 2002 |accessdate=25. Septemberseptember 2013|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130131114349/http://aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Bills_Legislation/bd/bd0102/02bd132|archivedate=31. Januaryjanuar 2013}}</ref>
 
[[Foxtel]] (via satellite) og [[TransACT]] (via kabel) udbyder betalings-tv.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://kids.actewagl.com.au/Education/Communications/Television/Subscription/ |title=Subscription television |publisher=[[TransACT]] |accessdate=25. Septemberseptember 2013 |date=11. Junejuni 2009 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130928022041/http://kids.actewagl.com.au/Education/Communications/Television/Subscription/ |archivedate=28. Septemberseptember 2013 }}</ref>
 
== Sport ==
|publisher=[[Canberra Raiders]]
|accessdate=22. februar 2009}}</ref> Begge hold spiller deres hjemmekampe på [[Canberra Stadium]],<ref>{{Kilde nyheder|title=Canberra Stadium|url=http://www.ais.org.au/facilities/stadium.asp|publisher=[[Australian Institute of Sport]] |accessdate=8. oktober 2007}}</ref> som er byens største stadion, som ligeledes blev brugt til gruppekampe i fodbold under [[Sommer-OL 2000]] og under [[2003 Rugby World Cup]].<ref>{{Kilde nyheder|title=Sydney 2000:Football |url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/olympics/sports/football.htm|publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation |year=1999 |accessdate=8. oktober 2007|archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20070803175201/http://www.abc.net.au/news/olympics/sports/football.htm <!--Added by H3llBot-->|archivedate=3. august 2007}}</ref><ref>{{Kilde nyheder|title=Complete draw for 2003 Rugby World Cup|url=http://www.abc.net.au/rugbyunion/worldcup/2003/draw/default.htm|publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation |year=2003 |accessdate=8. oktober 2007}}</ref> Byen har også et succesfuldt basketballhold, [[Canberra Capitals]], der har vundet syv ud af de sidste elleve mesterskaber i [[Women's National Basketball League|den nationale kvinderække i basketball]].<ref>{{Kilde nyheder|title=Caps take WNBL championship|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2010/03/06/2838446.htm?site=news|publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation |date=17. februar 2007 |accessdate=8. oktober 2007}}</ref> [[Canberra United FC]] repræsenterer byen i [[W-League (Australien)|W-League]], den nationale liga for kvindefodbold, hvilken de vandt i 2012.<ref>{{Kilde nyheder|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-01-28/united-down-roar-to-clinch-title/3798330|title=Canberra downs Roar to clinch W-League title|publisher=[[Australian Broadcasting Corporation]]|date=31. januar 2012|accessdate=3. februar 2012}}</ref>
 
== Turistattraktioner ==
I Canberra findes flere museer som informerer om Australiens kultur og historie, for eksempel [[National Museum of Australia]] og [[Australian War Memorial]]. Præcis som de fleste byer har man også en dyrehave i National Zoo and Aquarium. Men det måske mest kendte er Parliament House, hvor [[Australiens parlament]] befinder sig.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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