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[[File:Ford FG Falcon running on LPG, operated by Canberra Elite Taxi, photographed in Tuggeranong Town Centre (1).jpg|thumb|right|A Canberra [[Ford Falcon (Australia)|Ford Falcon]] [[Taxicab]]]]
 
Bilen er det dominerende transportmiddel i Canberra.<ref name=road>{{cite web|url=http://www.aph.gov.au/house/committee/ncet/natcapauth/report/chapter9.pdf |title=Canberra's transport system|format=PDF |publisher=[[Parliament of Australia]] |accessdate=23 April 2010|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20120207011010/http://www.aph.gov.au/house/committee/ncet/natcapauth/report/chapter9.pdf|archivedate=7 February 2012}}</ref> Byen er bygget så hovedvejene, der forbinder de forskellige distrikter ofte går gennem områder med åbent land eller skov, hvilket giver en meget lav befolkningstæthed. The city is laid out so that arterial roads connecting inhabited clusters run through undeveloped areas of open land or forest, which results in a low population density;{{sfn|Penguin Books Australia|2000|pp=23-25}} thisDet alsobetyder meansogså, thatat idleder lander isplads availabletil forudvikling theaf developmentnye oftransportkorridorer futureuden transportat corridorsskulle ifbygge necessarytunneller withouteller theekspropriere needbebyggede to build tunnels or acquire developed residential landområder. InI contrast,sammenligning othermed capitalCanberra cities in Australiahar havedelstatshovedstæderne substantiallylangt lessfærre greengrønne spaceområder.{{sfn|Penguin Books Australia|2000|pp=3-6, 32-35, 53-59, 74-77, 90-91, 101-104}}
 
Canberras distrikter er typisk forbundet af [[parkway]]s—4-sporede hovedveje<ref name=road/><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.justice.act.gov.au/page/view/3063/title/act-road-hierarchy |title=ACT Road Hierarchy |publisher=ACT Government |date=21 August 2012 |accessdate=14 February 2014}}</ref> med en hastighedsgrænse på 100 km/t.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.chiefminister.act.gov.au/media.php?v=5787&s=29 |title= Survey shows speeding at disputed camera site |publisher=[[Australian Capital Territory Chief Minister's Department|Chief Minister's Department]]|date=17 July 2007 |accessdate=23 April 2010}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.afp.gov.au/act/road_traffic/speeding.html |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20091112054723/http://www.afp.gov.au/act/road_traffic/speeding.html|archivedate=12 November 2009|title=Speeding |publisher=[[Australian Federal Police]] |date=20 May 2008 |accessdate=23 April 2010}}</ref> Et eksempel er [[Tuggeranong Parkway]], som forbinder Canberras centrum og Tuggeranong og år forbi Weston Creek.{{sfn|Universal Publishers|2007|pp=57, 67, 77}} I de fleste distrikter er forstæderne forbundet med hovedveje med få lokale tilkørselsveje for at undå at ikke-lokale skyder genvej gennem boligområder.{{sfn|Universal Publishers|2007|pp=1-100}}
Den statsejede busoperatør [[ACTION]] står for offentlig transport i Canberra.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.action.act.gov.au/About_ACTION/corporate |title=Corporate |publisher=[[ACTION]] |accessdate=25 February 2014}}</ref> Det private selskab [[Qcity Transit]] driver busforbindelser mellem Canberra og de nærtliggende dele af New South Wales under navnene [[Transborder Express]] ([[Murrumbateman]] og [[Yass, New South Wales|Yass]])<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.transborder.com.au/index.php/about-us-bottom |title=About Us |publisher=[[Transborder Express]] |accessdate=23 June 2017}}</ref> og Qcity Transit ([[Queanbeyan, New South Wales|Queanbeyan]]).<ref>{{cite web|url=http://qcitytransit.com.au/about-us|title=About Us|publisher=[[Qcity Transit]] | accessdate=23 June 2017}}</ref>
 
ThereDer areer twoto locallokale taxi companies.-firmaer: [[Aerial Consolidated Transport|Aerial Capital Group]], enjoyedsom monopolyhavde statusmonopol untilindtil the2007, arrival ofog Cabxpress in 2007.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/02/03/1839551.htm |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110218043332/http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/02/03/1839551.htm|archivedate=18 February 2011 |title=Taxi company 'not concerned' at losing monopoly |publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation |date=3 February 2007}}</ref> InI Octoberoktober 2015 thevedtog ACT Governmenten passedny legislationlov, toder regulateregulerede ride sharingdelebilskørsel, allowingog ridegav share services includingf.eks. [[Uber (company)|Uber]] toret operatetil legallyat inoperere Canberralegalt i ACT.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-10-30/uber-launches-in-canberra/6898514|publisher=Australian Broadcasting Commission|title=Uber launches in ACT as Canberra becomes first city to regulate ride sharing|date=31 October 2015|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20151101065334/http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-10-30/uber-launches-in-canberra/6898514|archivedate=1 November 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/uber-goes-live-in-canberra-with-more-than-a-hundred-drivers-registered-20151030-gkmqaa.html|publisher=Fairfax Media|newspaper=The Canberra Times|title=Uber goes live in Canberra with more than 100 drivers registered|first=Tom|last=McIlroy|date=30 October 2015|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20151105033829/http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/uber-goes-live-in-canberra-with-more-than-a-hundred-drivers-registered-20151030-gkmqaa.html|archivedate=5 November 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/oct/30/act-chief-minister-launches-uber-in-canberra-calling-it-a-real-step-forward|newspaper=The Guardian|date=30 October 2015|title=ACT chief minister launches regulated Uber in Canberra, calling it 'a real step forward'|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20151103153733/http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/oct/30/act-chief-minister-launches-uber-in-canberra-calling-it-a-real-step-forward|archivedate=3 November 2015}}</ref> The ACT Government was the first jurisdiction in Australia to enact legislation to regulate the service.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.afr.com/technology/fullyregulated-uber-services-start-in-canberra-20151029-gkmgko|publisher=Fairfax Media|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20151030134534/http://www.afr.com/technology/fullyregulated-uber-services-start-in-canberra-20151029-gkmgko|archivedate=30 October 2015|date=30 October 2015|newspaper=Australian Financial Review|title=Fully-regulated Uber services start in Canberra}}</ref>
 
Der er en jernbaneforbindelse mellem Canberra og Sydney. Den betjenes af det offentlige selskab [[NSW TrainLink]].<ref name="traindestinations">{{Cite New South Wales transport timetables|Southern Region}}</ref> Canberras station ligger i den indre forstad [[Kingston, Australian Capital Territory|Kingston]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.countrylink.info/travel_passes/travelpass_agencies|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110220052328/http://www.countrylink.info/travel_passes/travelpass_agencies|archivedate=20 February 2011 |title=Travel pass agencies |publisher=[[CountryLink]] |date=14 December 2009 |accessdate=23 April 2010}}</ref> Fra 1920 til 1922 krydsede jernbanen Molonglo River og gik helt ind i centrum. Denne sidste del blev lukket efter en større oversvømmelse og aldrig genbygget. Planer om en linje til [[Yass, New South Wales|Yass]] blev skrinlagt. En smalsporet bane (1.067 mm) blev bygget i 1923 fra teglværket [[Yarralumla brickworks]] til det midlertidige Parliament House. Den blev senere forlænget til Civic, men hele linjen blev lukket i maj 1927.<ref>{{Cite book |title=Canberra's Engineering Heritage |url=http://www.engineer.org.au/chapter02.html |archivedate=23 July 2013|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130723191327/http://engineer.org.au/chapter02.html|chapter=Railways |last=Shellshear|first=Walter M. |accessdate=7 June 2010| publisher=Engineers Australia}}</ref> Der er ingen direkte jernbaneforbindelse til Melbourne. NSW TrainLink driver en busservice til Yass, som ligger ved jernbaneforbindelsen mellem Sydney og Melbourne, en times kørsel nord for Canberra.<ref name=traindestinations/>{{sfn|Penguin Books Australia|2000|pp=20}}
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