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US Open-mesterskabet i damedouble

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Damedoublemesterskabet ved US Open i tennis er afviklet hvert år siden 1889. De første mange år til og med 1967 under navnet US National Championships, hvor mesterskabet var forbeholdt amatører. Siden 1968 har turneringen været åben, så både professionelle og amatører kan deltage.

US Open-mesterskabet i damedouble
Arrangement
Grundlagt 1889
Arrangør United States Tennis Association (USTA)
Spillested Philadelphia Cricket Club (1889-1920)
West Side Tennis Club (1921-33, 1942-45, 1968-77)
Germantown Cricket Club (1934)
Longwood Cricket Club (1935-41, 1946-67)
USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center (1978-nu)
Værtsby Philadelphia (1889-1920, 1934)
Boston (1935-41, 1946-67)
New York City (1921-33, 1942-45, 1968-nu)
Underlag Græs (1889-1974)
Grus (1975-77)
Hardcourt (DecoTurf) (1978-nu)
Præmiesum US$ 3.248.000  (2019)
WTA Tour
Kategori Grand slam
Senest opdateret: 9. september 2019

SpillestederRediger

VindereRediger

 
Juliette Atkinson var den første spiller, der vandt mesterskabet mere end to gange. Hun vandt i alt syv titler i perioden 1894-1902 med fem forskellige makkere.
 
Mary Browne vandt titlerne i 1912, 1913, 1914, 1921 og 1925.
 
Molla Bjurstedt Mallory vandt sammen med Eleonora Sears damedoubletitlerne i 1916 og 1917.
 
Hazel Hotckiss Wightman strøg til tops seks gange. Hun vandt sin første titel i 1909 og den sidste næsten 20 år senere, i 1928.
 
Helen Wills Moody vandt damedoubletitlen fire gange i mellemkrigstiden.
 
Sarah Palfrey Cooke sejrede ni gange i 1930'erne og begyndelsen af 1940'erne.
 
Margaret Osborne duPont har rekorden for flest vundne damedoubletitler ved mesterskabet. Hun vandt 13 titler i perioden 1941-57, herunder 12 med Louise Brough som makker.
 
Margaret Court vandt titlen fem gange med fire forskellige makkere.
 
Billie Jean King vandt mesterskabet fem gang i perioden 1964-1980.
 
Hollænderen Betty Stöve vandt doubletitlerne i 1977 og 1979.
 
Martina Navratilova vandt ni damedoubletitler i US Open i perioden 1977-90.
 
Natalija Zvereva vandt fire titler i perioden 1991-96, heraf tre med Gigi Fernández som makker.
 
Jana Novotná vandt mesterskabet tre gange: i 1994, 1997 og 1998.
 
Gigi Fernández vandt titlen fem gange. Tre af gangene var sammen med Natalija Zvereva.
 
Virginia Ruano Pascual vandt 10 damedoubletitler i karrieren, heraf tre i US Open.
 
Paola Suárez vandt sine tre mesterskaber sammen med Virginia Ruano Pascual.
 
Lisa Raymond har vundet tre damedoubletitler i US Open.
 
Martina Hingis vandt mesterskabet i 1998, 2015 og 2017 med tre forskellige makkere.
Flest damedoubletitler i US National Championships / US Open
Titler Spiller År
13   Margaret Osborne duPont 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1957
12   Louise Brough 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1957
9   Sarah Palfrey Cooke 1930, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941
9   Martina Navratilova 1977, 1978, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1990
7   Juliette Atkinson 1894, 1895, 1896, 1897, 1898, 1901, 1902
6   Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 1909, 1910, 1911, 1915, 1924, 1928
6   Darlene Hard 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1969
5   Mary Browne 1912, 1913, 1914, 1921, 1925
5   Margaret Court 1963, 1968, 1970, 1973, 1975
5   Billie Jean King 1964, 1967, 1974, 1978, 1980
5   Pam Shriver 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1991
5   Gigi Fernández 1988, 1990, 1992, 1995, 1996

FinalerRediger

Damedoublefinaler i US National Championships 1889–1967
År Mestre Finalister Resultat
1889   Margarette Bellend (1)
  Bertha Townsend (1)
  Marian Wright
  Laura Knight
6–0, 6–2
1890   Ellen Roosevelt (1)
  Grace Roosevelt (1)
  Bertha Townsend
  Margarette Ballard
6–1, 6–2
1891   Mabel Cahill (1)
  Emma Leavitt Morgan (1)
  Grace Roosevelt
  Ellen Roosevelt
2–6, 8–6, 6–4
1892   Mabel Cahill (2)
  Adeline McKinlay (1)
  Helen Day Harris
  Amy Williams
6–1, 6–3
1893   Aline Terry (1)
  Harriet Butler (1)
  Augusta Schultz
  Miss Stone
6–4, 6–3
1894   Helen Hellwig (1)
  Juliette Atkinson (1)
  Annabella C. Wistar
  Amy Williams
6–4, 8–6, 6–2
1895   Helen Hellwig (2)
  Juliette Atkinson (2)
  Elisabeth Moore
  Amy Williams
6–2, 6–2, 12–10
1896   Elisabeth Moore (1)
  Juliette Atkinson (3)
  Annabella C. Wistar
  Amy Williams
6–4, 7–5
1897   Juliette Atkinson (4)
  Kathleen Atkinson (1)
  Mrs. F. Edwards
  Elizabeth Rastall
6–2, 6–1, 6–1
1898   Juliette Atkinson (5)
  Kathleen Atkinson (2)
  Marie Wimer
  Carrie Neely
6–1, 2–6, 4–6, 6–1
1899   Jane Craven (1)
  Myrtle McAteer (1)
  Maud Banks
  Elizabeth Rastall
6–1, 6–1, 7–5
1900   Edith Parker (1)
  Hallie Champlin (1)
  Marie Wimer
  Myrtle McAteer
9–7, 6–2, 6–2
1901   Juliette Atkinson (6)
  Myrtle McAteer (2)
  Marion Jones
  Elisabeth Moore
Walkover
1902   Juliette Atkinson (7)
  Marion Jones (1)
  Maud Banks
  Nona Closterman
6–2, 7–5
1903   Elisabeth Moore (2)
  Carrie Neely (1)
  Miriam Hall
  Marion Jones
8–4, 6–1, 6–1
1904   May Sutton Bundy (1)
  Miriam Hall (1)
  Elisabeth Moore
  Carrie Neely
3–6, 6–3, 6–3
1905   Helen Homans (1)
  Carrie Neely (2)
  Marjorie Oberteuffer
  Virginia Maule
6–0, 6–1
1906   Ann Burdette Coe (1)
  Ethel Bliss Platt (1)
  Helen Homans
  Clover Boldt
6–4, 6–4
1907   Marie Wimer (1)
  Carrie Neely (3)
  Edna Wildey
  Natalie Wildey
6–1, 2–6, 6–4
1908   Evelyn Sears (1)
  Margaret Curtis (1)
  Carrie Neely
  Miriam Steever
6–3, 5–7, 9–7
1909   Hazel Hotchkiss (1)
  Edith Rotch (1)
  Dorothy Green
  Lois Moyes
6–1, 6–1
1910   Hazel Hotchkiss (2)
  Edith Rotch (2)
  Adelaide Browning
  Edna Wildey
6–4, 6–4
1911   Hazel Hotchkiss (3)
  Eleonora Sears (1)
  Dorothy Green
  Florence Sutton
6–4, 4–6, 6–2
1912   Dorothy Green (1)
  Mary Browne (1)
  Maud Barger-Wallach
  Mrs. Frederick Schmitz
6–2, 5–7, 6–0
1913   Mary Browne (2)
  Louise Riddell Williams (1)
  Dorothy Green
  Edna Wildey
12–10, 2–6, 6–3
1914   Mary Browne (3)
  Louise Riddell Williams (2)
  Louise Raymond
  Edna Wildey
10–8, 6–2
1915   Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (4)
  Eleonora Sears (2)
  Helen Homans McLean
  Mrs. G.L. Chapman
10–8, 6–2
1916   Molla Bjurstedt (1)
  Eleonora Sears (3)
  Louise Raymond
  Edna Wildey
4–6, 6–2, 10–8
1917   Molla Bjurstedt (2)
  Eleonora Sears (4)
  Phyllis Walsh
  Grace Moore LeRoy
6–2, 6–4
1918   Marion Zinderstein (1)
  Eleanor Goss (1)
  Molla Bjurstedt
  Anna Rogge
7–5, 8–6
1919   Marion Zinderstein (2)
  Eleanor Goss (2)
  Eleonora Sears
  Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
10–8, 9–7
1920   Marion Zinderstein (3)
  Eleanor Goss (3)
  Eleanor Tennant
  Helen Baker
6–3, 6–1
1921   Mary Browne (4)
  Louise Riddell Williams (3)
  Helen Gilleaudeau
  Aletta Bailey Morris
6–3, 6–2
1922   Marion Zinderstein Jessup (4)
  Helen Wills (1)
  Edith Sigourney
  Molla Bjurstedt Mallory
6–4, 7–9, 6–3
1923   Kitty McKane Godfree (1)
  Phyllis Howkins Covell (1)
  Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman
  Eleanor Goss
2–6, 6–2, 6–1
1924   Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (5)
  Helen Wills (2)
  Eleanor Goss
  Marion Jessup
6–4, 6–3
1925   Mary Browne (5)
  Helen Wills (3)
  May Bundy
  Elizabeth Ryan
6–4, 6–3
1926   Elizabeth Ryan (1)
  Eleanor Goss (4)
  Mary Browne
  Charlotte Chapin
3–6, 6–4, 12–10
1927   Kitty McKane Godfree (2)
  Ermyntrude Harvey (1)
  Betty Nuthall
  Joan Fry
6–1, 4–6, 6–4
1928   Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman (6)
  Helen Wills (4)
  Edith Cross
  Anna McCune Harper
6–2, 6–2
1929   Phoebe Holcroft Watson (1)
  Peggy Mitchell (1)
  Phyllis Covell
  D.C. Shepherd Barron
2–6, 6–3, 6–4
1930   Betty Nuthall Shoemaker (1)
  Sarah Palfrey (1)
  Edith Cross
  Anna McCune Harper
3–6, 6–3, 7–5
1931   Betty Nuthall Shoemaker (2)
  Eileen Bennett Whittingstall (1)
  Helen Jacobs
  Dorothy Round
6–2, 6–4
1932   Helen Jacobs (1)
  Sarah Palfrey (2)
  Edith Cross
  Anna McCune Harper
3–6, 6–3, 7–5
1933   Betty Nuthall Shoemaker (3)
  Freda James (1)
  Helen Wills Moody
  Elizabeth Ryan
Walkover
1934   Helen Jacobs (2)
  Sarah Palfrey (3)
  Carolin Babcock
  Dorothy Andrus
4–6, 6–3, 6–4
1935   Helen Jacobs (3)
  Sarah Fabyan (4)
  Carolin Babcock
  Dorothy Andrus
6–4, 6–2
1936   Marjorie Gladman Van Ryn (1)
  Carolin Babcock Stark (1)
  Helen Jacobs
  Sarah Palfrey Cooke
9–7, 2–6, 6–4
1937   Sarah Fabyan (5)
  Alice Marble (1)
  Marjorie Gladman Van Ryn
  Carolin Babcock
7–5, 6–4
1938   Sarah Fabyan (6)
  Alice Marble (2)
  Rene Mathieu
  Jadwiga Jędrzejowska
6–8, 6–4, 6–3
1939   Sarah Fabyan (7)
  Alice Marble (3)
  Kay Stammers
  Freda Hammersley
7–5, 8–6
1940   Sarah Fabyan (8)
  Alice Marble (4)
  Dorothy Bundy
  Marjorie Gladman Van Ryn
6–4, 6–3
1941   Sarah Cooke (9)
  Margaret Osborne (1)
  Dorothy Bundy
  Pauline Betz
3–6, 6–1, 6–4
1942   Louise Brough (1)
  Margaret Osborne (2)
  Pauline Betz
  Doris Hart
2–6, 7–5, 6–0
1943   Louise Brough (2)
  Margaret Osborne (3)
  Pauline Betz
  Doris Hart
6–4, 6–3
1944   Louise Brough (3)
  Margaret Osborne (4)
  Pauline Betz
  Doris Hart
4–6, 6–4, 6–3
1945   Louise Brough (4)
  Margaret Osborne (5)
  Pauline Betz
  Doris Hart
6–3, 6–3
1946   Louise Brough (5)
  Margaret Osborne (6)
  Mary Prentiss
  Patricia Todd
6–1, 6–3
1947   Louise Brough (6)
  Margaret Osborne (7)
  Doris Hart
  Patricia Todd
5–7, 6–3, 7–5
1948   Louise Brough (7)
  Margaret Osborne duPont (8)
  Doris Hart
  Patricia Todd
6–4, 8–10, 6–1
1949   Louise Brough (8)
  Margaret Osborne duPont (9)
  Doris Hart
  Shirley Fry
6–4, 10–8
1950   Louise Brough (9)
  Margaret Osborne duPont (10)
  Doris Hart
  Shirley Fry
6–2, 6–3
1951   Shirley Fry (1)
  Doris Hart (1)
  Nancy Chaffee
  Patricia Todd
6–4, 6–2
1952   Shirley Fry (2)
  Doris Hart (2)
  Louise Brough
  Maureen Connolly
10–8, 6–4
1953   Shirley Fry (3)
  Doris Hart (3)
  Louise Brough
  Margaret Osborne duPont
6–2, 7–9, 9–7
1954   Shirley Fry (4)
  Doris Hart (4)
  Louise Brough
  Margaret Osborne duPont
6–4, 6–4
1955   Louise Brough (10)
  Margaret Osborne duPont (11)
  Doris Hart
  Shirley Fry
6–3, 1–6, 6–3
1956   Louise Brough (11)
  Margaret Osborne duPont (12)
  Betty Pratt
  Shirley Fry
6–3, 6–0
1957   Louise Brough (12)
  Margaret Osborne duPont (13)
  Althea Gibson
  Darlene Hard
6–2, 7–5
1958   Jeanne Arth (1)
  Darlene Hard (1)
  Althea Gibson
  Maria Bueno
2–6, 6–3, 6–4
1959   Jeanne Arth (2)
  Darlene Hard (2)
  Maria Bueno
  Sally Moore
6–2, 6–3
1960   Maria Bueno (1)
  Darlene Hard (3)
  Ann Haydon
  Deidre Catt
6–1, 6–1
1961   Darlene Hard (4)
  Lesley Turner Bowrey (1)
  Edda Buding
  Yola Ramírez
6–4, 5–7, 6–0
1962   Maria Bueno (2)
  Darlene Hard (5)
  Billie Jean Moffitt
  Karen Susman
4–6, 6–3, 6–2
1963   Robyn Ebbern (1)
  Margaret Smith (1)
  Darlene Hard
  Maria Bueno
4–6, 10–8, 6–3
1964   Billie Jean Moffitt (1)
  Karen Hantze Susman (1)
  Margaret Smith
  Lesley Turner
3–6, 6–2, 6–4
1965   Carole Caldwell Graebner (1)
  Nancy Richey (1)
  Billie Jean Moffitt
  Karen Susman
6–4, 6–4
1966   Maria Bueno (3)
  Nancy Richey (2)
  Billie Jean King
  Rosemary Casals
6–3, 6–4
1967   Rosemary Casals (1)
  Billie Jean King (2)
  Mary-Ann Eisel
  Donna Floyd Fales
4–6, 6–3, 6–4
Damedoublefinaler i US Open fra 1968
År Mestre Finalister Resultat
1968   Maria Bueno (4)
  Margaret Court (2)
  Rosemary Casals
  Billie Jean King
4–6, 9–7, 8–6
1969   Françoise Dürr (1)
  Darlene Hard (6)
  Margaret Court
  Virginia Wade
0–6, 6–3, 6–4
1970   Margaret Court (3)
  Judy Tegart Dalton (1)
  Rosemary Casals
  Virginia Wade
6–3, 6–4
1971   Rosemary Casals (2)
  Judy Tegart Dalton (2)
  Gail Sherriff Chanfreau
  Françoise Dürr
6–3, 6–3
1972   Françoise Dürr (2)
  Betty Stöve (1)
  Margaret Court
  Virginia Wade
6–3, 1–6, 6–3
1973   Margaret Court (4)
  Virginia Wade (1)
  Rosemary Casals
  Billie Jean King
3–6, 6–3, 7–5
1974   Rosemary Casals (3)
  Billie Jean King (3)
  Françoise Dürr
  Betty Stöve
7–6, 6–7, 6–4
1975   Margaret Court (5)
  Virginia Wade (2)
  Rosemary Casals
  Billie Jean King
7–5, 2–6, 7–6
1976   Delina Boshoff (1)
  Ilana Kloss (1)
  Olga Morozova
  Virginia Wade
6–1, 6–4
1977   Martina Navratilova (1)
  Betty Stöve (2)
  Renée Richards
  Betty Ann Grubb Stuart
6–1, 7–6
1978   Billie Jean King (4)
  Martina Navratilova (2)
  Kerry Melville Reid
  Wendy Turnbull
7–6, 6–4
1979   Betty Stöve (3)
  Wendy Turnbull (1)
  Billie Jean King
  Martina Navratilova
6–4, 6–3
1980   Billie Jean King (5)
  Martina Navratilova (3)
  Pam Shriver
  Betty Stöve
7–6, 7–5
1981   Kathy Jordan (1)
  Anne Smith (1)
  Rosemary Casals
  Wendy Turnbull
6–3, 6–3
1982   Rosemary Casals (4)
  Wendy Turnbull (2)
  Barbara Potter
  Sharon Walsh
6–4, 6–4
1983   Martina Navratilova (4)
  Pam Shriver (1)
  Rosalyn Fairbank
  Candy Reynolds
6–7, 6–1, 6–3
1984   Martina Navratilova (5)
  Pam Shriver (2)
  Anne Hobbs
  Wendy Turnbull
6–2, 6–4
1985   Claudia Kohde-Kilsch (1)
  Helena Suková (1)
  Martina Navratilova
  Pam Shriver
6–7, 6–2, 6–3
1986   Martina Navratilova (6)
  Pam Shriver (3)
  Hana Mandlíková
  Wendy Turnbull
6–4, 3–6, 6–3
1987   Martina Navratilova (7)
  Pam Shriver (4)
  Kathy Jordan
  Elizabeth Sayers Smylie
5–7, 6–4, 6–2
1988   Gigi Fernández (1)
  Robin White
  Patty Fendick
  Jill Hetherington
6–4, 6–1
1989   Hana Mandlíková (1)
  Martina Navratilova (8)
  Mary Joe Fernandez
  Pam Shriver
5–7, 6–4, 6–4
1990   Gigi Fernández (2)
  Martina Navratilova (9)
  Jana Novotná
  Helena Suková
6–2, 6–4
1991   Pam Shriver (5)
  Natalija Zvereva (1)
  Jana Novotná
  Larisa Savchenko Neiland
6–4, 4–6, 7–6
1992   Gigi Fernández (3)
  Natalija Zvereva (2)
  Jana Novotná
  Larisa Savchenko Neiland
7–6, 6–1
1993   Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1)
  Helena Suková (1)
  Amanda Coetzer
  Inés Gorrochategui
6–4, 6–2
1994   Jana Novotná (1)
  Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (2)
  Katerina Maleeva
  Robin White
6–3, 6–3
1995   Gigi Fernández (4)
  Natalija Zvereva (3)
  Brenda Schultz McCarthy
  Rennae Stubbs
7–5, 6–3
1996   Gigi Fernández (5)
  Natalija Zvereva (4)
  Jana Novotná
  Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
1–6, 6–1, 6–4
1997   Lindsay Davenport (1)
  Jana Novotná (2)
  Gigi Fernández
  Natalija Zvereva
6–3, 6–4
1998   Martina Hingis (1)
  Jana Novotná (3)
  Lindsay Davenport
  Natalija Zvereva
6–3, 6–3
1999   Serena Williams (1)
  Venus Williams (1)
  Chanda Rubin
  Sandrine Testud
4–6, 6–1, 6–4
2000   Julie Halard-Decugis (1)
  Ai Sugiyama (1)
  Cara Black
  Jelena Likhovtseva
6–0, 1–6, 6–1
2001   Lisa Raymond (1)
  Rennae Stubbs (1)
  Kimberly Po-Messerli
  Nathalie Tauziat
6–2, 5–7, 7–5
2002   Virginia Ruano Pascual (1)
  Paola Suárez (1)
  Jelena Dementieva
  Janette Husárová
6–2, 6–1
2003   Virginia Ruano Pascual (2)
  Paola Suárez (2)
  Svetlana Kuznetsova
  Martina Navratilova
6–2, 6–2
2004   Virginia Ruano Pascual (3)
  Paola Suárez (3)
  Svetlana Kuznetsova
  Elena Likhovtseva
6–4, 7–5
2005   Lisa Raymond (2)
  Samantha Stosur (1)
  Jelena Dementieva
  Flavia Pennetta
6–2, 5–7, 6–3
2006   Nathalie Dechy (1)
  Vera Zvonarjova (1)
  Dinara Safina
  Katarina Srebotnik
7–6, 7–5
2007   Nathalie Dechy (2)
  Dinara Safina (1)
  Chan Yung-jan
  Chuang Chia-jung
6–4, 6–2
2008   Cara Black (1)
  Liezel Huber (1)
  Lisa Raymond
  Samantha Stosur
6–3, 7–6(8–6)
2009   Serena Williams (2)
  Venus Williams (2)
  Cara Black
  Liezel Huber
6–2, 6–2
2010   Vania King (1)
  Jaroslava Sjvedova (1)
  Liezel Huber
  Nadija Petrova
2–6, 6–4, 7–6(7–4)
2011   Liezel Huber (2)
  Lisa Raymond (3)
  Vania King
  Jaroslava Sjvedova
4–6, 7–6(7–5), 7–6(7–3)
2012   Sara Errani (1)
  Roberta Vinci (1)
  Andrea Hlaváčková
  Lucie Hradecká
6–4, 6–2
2013   Andrea Hlaváčková (1)
  Lucie Hradecká (1)
  Ashleigh Barty
  Casey Dellacqua
6–7(4–7), 6–1, 6–4
2014   Jekaterina Makarova (1)
  Jelena Vesnina (1)
  Martina Hingis
  Flavia Pennetta
2–6, 6–3, 6–2
2015   Martina Hingis (2)
  Sania Mirza (1)
  Casey Dellacqua
  Jaroslava Sjvedova
6–3, 6–3
2016   Bethanie Mattek-Sands (1)
  Lucie Šafářová (1)
  Caroline Garcia
  Kristina Mladenovic
2–6, 7–6(7–5), 6–4
2017   Chan Yung-Jan (1)
  Martina Hingis (3)
  Lucie Hradecká
  Kateřina Siniaková
6–3, 6–2
2018   Ashleigh Barty (1)
  CoCo Vandeweghe (1)
  Tímea Babos
  Kristina Mladenovic
3–6, 7–6(7–2), 7–6(8–6)
2019   Elise Mertens (1)
  Aryna Sabalenka (1)
  Viktorija Azarenka
  Ashleigh Barty
7–5, 7–5

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