Bruger:Brol/sandkasse

DemografiRediger

Oprindelse (2016)[1]
Fødeland Antal (2016)
Australien 2.752.162
Kina 224.685
England 151.614
Indien 130.573
Grækenland 127.274
New Zealand 86.526
Vietnam 81.045
Filippinerne 75.480
Libanon 55.979
Sydkorea 49.508
Hong Kong 40.577
Italien 40.492
Irak 39.237
Sydafrika 35.313
Fiji 31.510
Nepal 30.424
Indonesien 29.989
Malaysia 21.211

Befolkningstallet i Sydney i 1788 var under 1.000,[2] men flere fangetransporter betød, at befolkningstallet blev tredoblet de næste 10 år til 2.953.[3] Sydneys befolkning voksede hurtigt i løbet af det 19. århundrede. I 1851 var indbyggertallet oppe på 54.000, men Sydney mistede alligevel sin status som Australiens største by til Melbourne i løbet af det næste årti.[4] Ved folketællingen i 1906 var Sydney med 559.800 igen større end Melbourne.[5] Siden 1961 er befolkningstallet øget med mere end 250.000 for hvert årti.[6] Sydneys befolkningstal ved folketællingen i 2016 var 5.005.400,[7] og i 2019 blev det estimeret til 5.312.163.[8]

Befolkning i folketællinger[5]
1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 2016
496.990 656.800 912.750 1.200.830 1.331.290 1.574.880 2.303.807 3.015.900 3.279.539 3.672.914 4.102.580 4.608.949 5.024.923

Den australske regering udgav i december 2020 en rapport, der forudsiger en stigning i befolkningstallet til 6 millioner i 2031, og at Melbourne vil overhale Sydney som Australiens folkerigeste by i 2026-27.[9] Prognosen er en nedjustering af tidligere tal på grund af Covid-19, som har medført lavere indvandring til Australien,

Otte af de ti tættest befolkede forstæder i Australien ligger i Sydney. De tættest befolkede forstæder i Sydney var Potts Point-Wooloomolloo med 15.800 indbyggere per km² og Pyrmont-Ultimo med 15.700.[10]

Medianalderen er 36 år og 13,9% er 65 år eller ældre.[11] Den gifte del af befolkningen udgør 49,3% i Sydney, mens 35,5% aldrig har været gift.[11] 48,9% lever i parforhold med børn og 33,4% i parforhold uden børn.[11]

Oprindelse og indvandringRediger

 
Nytårsparade til det kinesiske nytår i Sydneys Chinatown. Sydney har Australiens største kinesiske befolkningsgruppe.

38,2% af alle indbyggere i Sydney taler et andet sprog hjemme end engelsk med mandarin, arabisk, kantonesisk, vietnamesisk og græsk som de mest almindelige.[11]

Der var 54.746 mennesker af aboriginsk afstamning i Sydney i 2011.[11] De fleste immigranter til Sydney mellem 1840 og 1930 var briter, irere eller kinesere. Der har været betydelige bosættelser efter nationalitet eller religion i Sydney gennem tiderne. I starten af det 20. århundrede var irerne koncentreret i Surry Hills og skotterne i Paddington. Efter masseindvandringen efter 2. verdenskrig har nye etniske grupper etablereret sig, som f.eks. græske, libanesiske, italienske, tjekkiske, litauiske, polske, tyske, sri lankanske, filippinske, koreanske og fijianske.[2] Ved folketællingen i 2011 var 1.503.620 indbyggere i Sydney født uden for Australien. De udgjorde 42,5% af befolkningen i City of Sydney og 34,2% i hele Sydney. Det er verdens 7. højeste andel for en storby.[12][13][14]

Ancestry and immigrationRediger

 
Lebanese flags at the 2008 World Youth Day in Sydney. Sydney is also home to the nation's largest population of Lebanese Australians[15]

Most immigrants to Sydney between 1840 and 1930 were British, Irish or Chinese. At the 2016 census, the most commonly nominated ancestries were:[N 1][16][17]

At the 2016 census, there were 2,071,872 people living in Sydney that were born outside the country, accounting for 42.9% of the population,[19] below Miami (58.3%) and Toronto (47.0%), but above Vancouver (42.5%), Los Angeles (37.7%), New York City (37.5%), Chicago (20.7%), Paris (14.6%) and Berlin (13%). Only 33.1% of the population had both parents born in Australia.[19] Sydney has the eighth-largest immigrant population among world metropolitan areas. Foreign countries of birth with the greatest representation are Mainland China, England, India, New Zealand, Vietnam and the Philippines.[19]

1.5% of the population, or 70,135 people, identified as Indigenous Australians (Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders) in 2016.[N 4][16][17]

ReligionRediger

The indigenous people of Sydney held totemic beliefs known as "dreamings". Governor Lachlan Macquarie made an effort to found a culture of formal religion throughout the early settlement and ordered the construction of churches such as St Matthew's, St Luke's, St James's, and St Andrew's.[20] In 2011, 28.3% of Sydney residents identified themselves as Catholic, whilst 17.6% practised no religion. Additionally, 16.1% were Anglican, 4.7% were Muslim, 4.2% were Eastern Orthodox, 4.1% were Buddhist, 2.6% were Hindu, and 0.9% were Jewish.[12][11] However, according to the 2016 census, 1,082,448 (25%) residents of Sydney's Urban Centre describe themselves as Catholic, while another 1,053,500 (24.4%) people consider themselves non-religious.[21] A further 10.9% of residents identified themselves as Anglicans and an additional 5.8% as Muslim. These and other religious institutions have significantly contributed to the education and health of Sydney's residents over time, particularly through the building and management of schools and hospitals.

CrimeRediger

  Hovedartikel: Crime in Sydney.

Crime in Sydney is low, with The Independent ranking Sydney as the fifth safest city in the world in 2019.[22] One of the biggest crime related issues to face the city in recent times was the introduction of lock-out laws in February 2014,[23] in an attempt to curb alcohol fuelled violence. Patrons could not enter clubs or bars in the inner-city after 1:30am, and last drinks were called at 3am. The lock-out laws were removed in January 2020.[24]

  1. ^ "2016 Census Community Profiles - Greater Sydney". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Hentet 9. januar 2021. 
  2. ^ a b Jupp, James (2008). "Immigration". Dictionary of Sydney. Hentet 9. august 2014. 
  3. ^ "Australian historical population statistics, 2006". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2006. Hentet 27. juli 2014. 
  4. ^ "The Economic History of Australia from 1788: An Introduction". EH.net. Hentet 10. januar 2021. 
  5. ^ a b "Historical population". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Hentet 10. januar 2021. 
  6. ^ "Population History". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 18. april 2019. Hentet 6. januar 2021. 
  7. ^ "Sydney population hits 5 million". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 30 March 2017. Arkiveret fra originalen 28 July 2017. Hentet 5 April 2017. 
  8. ^ "Regional Population". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Hentet 11. januar 2020. 
  9. ^ "Population Statement 2020" (PDF). Australian Government - Centre for Population. Hentet 10. januar 2021. 
  10. ^ "Regional Population Growth, Australia 2016". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Hentet 14. januar 2021. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f Fodnotefejl: Ugyldigt <ref>-tag; ingen tekst er angivet for referencer med navnet Greater Sydney QuickStats
  12. ^ a b Fodnotefejl: Ugyldigt <ref>-tag; ingen tekst er angivet for referencer med navnet ABSGCCSAXLS
  13. ^ "Birthplace". .id. 2014. Hentet 27. juli 2014. 
  14. ^ Mele, Nicola (2014). "When diversity means cultural richness". Webdiary. Arkiveret fra originalen 14. marts 2014. Hentet 14. september 2014. 
  15. ^ "How big is the Lebanese community in Australia?". CulturalPulse (engelsk). 2019-05-15. Hentet 2020-09-30. 
  16. ^ a b https://quickstats.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2016/communityprofile/1GSYD?opendocument
  17. ^ a b http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/CensusOutput/copsub2016.NSF/All%20docs%20by%20catNo/2016~Community%20Profile~1GSYD/$File/GCP_1GSYD.zip?OpenElement
  18. ^ Statistics, c=AU; o=Commonwealth of Australia; ou=Australian Bureau of. "Feature Article – Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Australia (Feature Article)". www.abs.gov.au. 
  19. ^ a b c https://quickstats.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2016/quickstat/1GSYD?opendocument
  20. ^ Carey, Hilary (2008). "Religion". Dictionary of Sydney. Hentet 9 August 2014. 
  21. ^ http://quickstats.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2016/quickstat/UCL101001?opendocument
  22. ^ "Tokyo ranks as the world's safest city for the third time". independent.co.uk. 30 August 2019. Hentet 1 September 2019. 
  23. ^ NSW Government (5 February 2014). "Lockout to commence from 24 February". Pressemeddelelse.
  24. ^ "Bars, clubs celebrate as Sydney's lockout laws get lifted". ABC News (engelsk). 14 January 2020. Hentet 6 March 2020. 


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