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Fil:Zener Gold Medal HR.jpg
Zener-Preis
Zenermedaljen
Forsiden af Fieldsmedaljen forestiller ??

The Zener Prize is an international award bestowed in recognition of scientific advances within the fields of materials science and physics, with an emphasis on applications in mechanical spectroscopy and internal friction. Formerly named the ICIFUAS Prize (1965-1985), the prize was established in honor of the pioneering work on anelasticity[1] by Clarence Zener. The Zener Prize (also known as the Zener Gold Medal) is presented by the Chancellery of the Zener Prize, which is chaired by the Chairman of the International Conference on Internal Friction and Mechanical Spectroscopy (ICIFMS), formerly the International Conference on Internal Friction and Ultrasonic Attenuation in Solids (ICIFUAS).[2][3] The Zener Prize may be awarded in recognition of an impactful individual discovery or for a substantial contribution to the field through a cumulative lifetime body of work. The Zener Prize has been awarded to 23 individuals as of 2017. Each laureate receives a Zener Gold Medal and a diploma. Each Zener Gold Medal is struck in 23 carat gold and features a right profile image of Clarence Zener on the front side.


Announcement of the 2017 Zener PrizeRediger

The Zener Prize was awarded to Leszek Bogumił Magalas for his paradigm-shifting research on mechanical spectroscopy of solids. Professor Leszek Bogumił Magalas resides at the AGH University of Science and Technology[4] in Kraków, Polen.

Modtagere af Zener-prisenRediger

År Vinder(e) Stat Institution
1 1965* Werner Otto Köster[5] 1896–1989 Tyskland Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Metal Research at Berlin, (Das Kaiser Wilhelm-Institut für Metallforschung, Berlin);

Max Planck Institute for Metals Research,* Stuttgart
(Max Planck Institute for Metals Research, Stuttgart renamed on March 18, 2011, the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, Stuttgart.)

2 1969 Warren Perry Mason[6] 1900–1986 Amerikansk Bell Labs, Murray Hill, Manhattan, New Jersey
3 1985* Clarence Melvin Zener[7][8][9][10][11][12][13] 1905–1993 Amerikansk University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (1945-1951);

Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1951-1965);
Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas (1966-1968);
Carnegie Mellon University,* Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (1968-1993)

4 1989 Ting-sui Kê[14][15][16] 1913–2000 Kina Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Solid State Physics (ISSP),[17] Hefei, Anhui
5 1989* Arthur Stanley Nowick[18][19][20] 1923–2010 Amerikansk Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (1951-1957);

IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York City, New York (delstat) (1957-1966);
Columbia University in the City of New York,* New York City, New York (delstat) (1966-2001);
University of California at Irvine, Irvine (Californien), Californien (2001-2010)

6 1993 Piero Giorgio Bordoni[21][22] 1915–2009 Italien Sapienza - Università di Roma, Rom
7 1993 Kurt Lücke[23][24] 1921–2001 Tyskland RWTH Aachen University, Aachen
8 1993* Alfred Seeger[25][26][27] 1927–2015 Tyskland Max Planck Institute for Metals Research* (Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems), Stuttgart;

University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart

9 1993 Charles Allen Wert[28] 1919–2003 Amerikansk University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois
10 1996 Andrew Vincent Granato[29][30] 1926–2015 Amerikansk University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois
11 1999 Gunther Schoeck[31] 1928–2015 Østrig Wien Universitet, Wien
12 2002 Willy Benoit[32] born 1938 Schweiz Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne
13 2002 Masahiro Koiwa[32] born 1938 Japan Kyoto University, Kyoto
14 2005 Rosario Cantelli[33] born 1940 Italien Sapienza - Università di Roma, Rom
15 2005* Manfred Weller 1940–2017 Tyskland Max Planck Institute for Metals Research* (Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems), Stuttgart
16 2008 Daniel Newson Beshers[34] born 1928 Amerikansk Columbia University in the City of New York, New York City, New York (delstat)
17 2008 Gaetano Cannelli born 1936 Italien University of Calabria, Rende
18 2008 Gilbert Fantozzi born 1942 Fransk Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon (INSA Lyon), Lyon-Villeurbanne
19 2011 Gérard Gremaud[35][36] born 1949 Schweiz Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne
20 2011 Fabio Massimo Mazzolai born 1934 Italien University of Perugia, Perugia
21 2014 Qing-Ping Kong[37] born 1930 Kina Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Solid State Physics (ISSP), Hefei, Anhui
22 2014 Robert Schaller[38][39] born 1948 Schweiz Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne
23 2017 Leszek Bogumił Magalas[40][41] born 1954 Polen AGH University of Science and Technology,[4] Kraków

The number in the second column is the year the Zener laureate received the Zener Prize. A number with asterisk (*) means the person received the award while was working at the university/institution containing that asterisk.
There have been three years in which the ICIFUAS Prize was not awarded (1973, 1977, and 1981).[2] Clarence Melvin Zener was awarded the last ICIFUAS Prize in 1985.
The number of laureates: 23 prizes; 20 laureates of the Zener Gold Medal.
70 is the average age of the Zener Laureates the year they were awarded the prize.

University ranking by affiliation at the time of the awardRediger

This is a list of the universities that Zener medalists have been affiliated to at the time the Zener Prize was awarded.

Number of
Laureates
Institution Stat
3 Max Planck Institute for Metals Research, Stuttgart  Tyskland
3 Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne  Schweiz
2 Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Solid State Physics (ISSP), Hefei, Anhui  Kina
2 Columbia University in the City of New York, New York, New York (delstat)   Amerikansk
2 Sapienza - Università di Roma, Rom  Italien
2 University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois   Amerikansk
1 AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków  Polen
1 Bell Labs, Murray Hill, Manhattan, New Jersey   Amerikansk
1 Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania   Amerikansk
1 Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon (INSA Lyon), Lyon-Villeurbanne   Fransk
1 Kyoto University, Kyoto  Japan
1 RWTH Aachen University, Aachen  Tyskland
1 University of Calabria, Rende  Italien
1 University of Perugia, Perugia  Italien
1 Wien Universitet, Wien  Østrig

The list of Zener laureates by university affiliation shows the university affiliations of individual winners of the Zener Prize since 1965. Universities and research institutions are listed in descending order according to the number of laureates.

List of countries by number of Zener Prize winnersRediger

Rang Stat Number of Laureates Vinder(e)
1st   Amerikansk 6 W.P. Mason, C.M. Zener, A.S. Nowick, C.A. Wert, A.V. Granato, D.N. Beshers
2nd  Tyskland 4 W. Köster, K. Lücke, A. Seeger, M. Weller
2nd  Italien 4 P.G. Bordoni, R. Cantelli, G. Cannelli, F.M. Mazzolai
3rd  Schweiz 3 W. Benoit, G. Gremaud, R. Schaller
4th  Kina 2 T.S. Kê, Q.P. Kong
5th  Østrig 1 G. Schoeck
5th   Fransk 1 G. Fantozzi
5th  Japan 1 M. Koiwa
5th  Polen 1 L.B. Magalas

Countries are listed in descending order according to the number of laureates.

List of countries by Zener laureates per capitaRediger

A list of countries ranked by their Zener Prize winners in relation to their population. Because the population of a country is significantly higher than its Zener laureates, the figures have been multiplied by 10 million. This is why the number on the rightmost column should be read as the number of Zener laureates of a country for every 10 million of its population.

Rang Stat Zener Laureates Population[42]

2015

Laureates / per 10 million
1  Schweiz 3 8.320 3.605
2  Østrig 1 8.679 1.152
3  Italien 4 59.504 672
4  Tyskland 4 81.708 489
5  Polen 1 38.265 261
6   Amerikansk 6 319.929 187
7   Fransk 1 64.457 155
8  Japan 1 127.975 78
9  Kina 2 1.397029 14

Alphabetic list of Zener laureatesRediger

Benoit W. (2002) - Beshers D.N. (2008) - Bordoni P.G. (1993)
Cannelli G. (2008) - Cantelli R. (2005)
Fantozzi G. (2008)
Granato A.V. (1996) - Gremaud G. (2011)
Kê T.S. (1989) - Koiwa M. (2002) - Kong Q.P. (2014) - Köster W. (1965)
Lücke K. (1993)
Magalas L.B. (2017) - Mason W.P. (1969) - Mazzolai F.M. (2011)
Nowick A.S. (1989)
Schaller R. (2014) - Schoeck G. (1999) - Seeger A. (1993)
Weller M. (2005) - Wert C.A. (1993)
Zener C.M. (1985)


Se ogsåRediger

Eksterne henvisningerRediger

ReferencerRediger

  1. ^ Zener C. M. "Elasticity and anelasticity of metals" (1948). University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  2. ^ a b Magalas L.B. (2009). "Mechanical spectroscopy, internal friction and ultrasonic attenuation: Collection of works. (PDF Download Available) Materials Science and Engineering A, 521-522". ResearchGate. s. 405-415. Hentet 29 October 2017. 
  3. ^ Magalas L.B. (2009). "Mechanical spectroscopy, internal friction and ultrasonic attenuation: Collection of works. Materials Science and Engineering A, 521-522". s. 405-415. doi:10.1016/j.msea.2008.10.074. 
  4. ^ a b "AGH University of Science and Technology". Main page AGH: www.agh.edu.pl/en/ (engelsk). Hentet 14 December 2017. 
  5. ^ de:Werner Köster
  6. ^ "Warren Perry Mason". Acoustical Society of America. 28 September 1900. Hentet 29 October 2017. 
  7. ^ Maguire M. (1985). "Clarence Zener: A Rare, Strange Genius. Carnegie-Mellon Magazine, winter 1985" (PDF). s. 18-19. 
  8. ^ Seitz F. (1986). "On the occasion of the 80th birthday celebration for Clarence Zener: Saturday, November 12, 1985. Journal of Applied Physics, 60". s. 1865-1867. 
  9. ^ Saxon W. (6 July 1993). "Clarence M. Zener, 87, Physicist And Professor at Carnegie Mellon, The New York Times". The New York Times. Hentet 29 October 2017. 
  10. ^ Wert C. (1994). "Remembrances of Clarence Zener. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 211-212". s. 1-3. doi:10.1016/0925-8388(94)90435-9. 
  11. ^ Wert C. (1994). "Clarence Zener. Physics Today, 47". s. 117-118. 
  12. ^ Goodenough J.B. (2014). "Clarence M. Zener 1905-1993. A Biographical Memoir by John B. Goodenough". National Academy of Sciences." (PDF). 
  13. ^ "Zener Diode - Invention History and Story Behind the Development". Circuits Today. 2 October 2013. Hentet 29 October 2017. 
  14. ^ en:Ke T'ing-sui
  15. ^ Magalas L.B. (2003). "On the interaction of dislocations with interstitial atoms in BCC metals using mechanical spectroscopy: the cold work (CW) peak, the Snoek-Köster (SK) peak, and the Snoek-Kê-Köster (SKK) peak Dedicated to the memory of Professor Ting-Sui Kê. Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters), 39". ResearchGate. s. 1145-1152. Hentet 29 October 2017. 
  16. ^ Zhu Z. (2004). "Remembrance of Professor Kê. Materials Science and Engineering A, 370". s. 6-8. doi:10.1016/j.msea.2003.08.066. 
  17. ^ "Institute of Solid State Physics (ISSP), Chinese Academy of Sciences". Hentet 29 October 2017. ,
  18. ^ en:Arthur Nowick
  19. ^ Nowick J.S., Nowick S.M. (2010). "In memoriam: Arthur Stanley Nowick. MRS Bulletin, 35" (PDF). s. 736-737. doi:10.1557/mrs2010.520. 
  20. ^ Beshers D.N. (2012). "Arthur Stanley Nowick, an Intellectual Appreciation. Solid State Phenomena, 184". s. 7-13. doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.184.7. 
  21. ^ en:Piero Giorgio Bordoni
  22. ^ Mazzolai F.M. (2012). "A Tribute to Piero Giorgio Bordoni. Solid State Phenomena, 184". s. 3-6. doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.184.3. 
  23. ^ "Nomination Database". Nobelprize.org. 21 May 2014. Hentet 14 December 2017. 
  24. ^ Granato A.V. (2004). "Some memories of Kurt Lücke. Materials Science and Engineering A, 370". s. 2-5. doi:10.1016/j.msea.2003.07.007. 
  25. ^ de:Alfred Seeger
  26. ^ Kronmüller H., Knowles K.M. (2016). "Obituary Prof. Dr. Dr.h.c. Alfred Seeger: 31 August 1927–18 October 2015. Philosophical Magazine, 96". s. 1020-1021. doi:10.1080/14786435.2016.1154765. 
  27. ^ Eßmann U., Frank W., Kronmüller H., Maier K., Mehrer H., Mughrabi H., Trebin H.-R., Urban K. (2016). "Obituary: Alfred Seeger (31 August 1927–18 October 2015). Physica Status Solidi B, 253". s. 416-418. 
  28. ^ Granato A.V. (2006). "Charles Allen Wert (1919–2003). Materials Science and Engineering A, 442". s. 3-4. doi:10.1016/j.msea.2006.06.083. 
  29. ^ en:Andrew V. Granato
  30. ^ Magalas L.B. (2016). "Andrew Granato: A Memorial Tribute.". ResearchGate (engelsk). Hentet 29 October 2017. 
  31. ^ "Gunther Schoeck" (tysk). Hentet 30 October 2017. 
  32. ^ a b "Los Zener Medal Awards premian a los físicos Willy Benoit y Masahiro Koiwa por su labor en el campo de la Fricción Interna". dialogo.ugr.es (spansk). Hentet 30 October 2017. 
  33. ^ "Sapienza – Università di Roma. Dipartimento di Fisica. Prizes" (italiensk). Hentet 14 December 2017. 
  34. ^ "Beshers Wins Zener Medal Award.". apam columbia. 1 June 2008. Hentet 30 October 2017. 
  35. ^ "EPFL researcher wins the Zener Medal: Gérard Gremaud.". epfl. 10 November 2011. Hentet 30 October 2017. 
  36. ^ Gremaud G. (2016). "Lattice Theory of Everything". 
  37. ^ Magalas L.B. (2016). "Professor Qing-Ping Kong: Zener Medalist.". ResearchGate (engelsk). Hentet 30 October 2017. 
  38. ^ "Robert Schaller wins the 2014 Zener Medal.". epfl. 24 October 2014. Hentet 14 December 2017. 
  39. ^ Mari D. (2016). "Professor Robert Schaller: Zener Medalist" (PDF). Hentet 29 October 2017. 
  40. ^ de:Mechanische Spektroskopie
  41. ^ "Leszek Magalas first Pole to have been awarded the Zener Gold Medal.". agh. 13 December 2017. Hentet 14 December 2017. 
  42. ^ "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Hentet 14 December 2017.