Coase-teoremet beskriver den økonomiske effektivitet for en økonomisk allokering under tilstedeværelse af eksternaliteter. Teoremet viser, at når handel i en eksternalitet er mulig og der ikke foreligger nogen transaktionsomkostninger, vil prisforhandling føre til et Pareto-optimalt udfald, altså et effektivt udfald, uafhængigt af den oprindelige allokeringen af ejendomsretten.

Teoremet bliver normalt telskrevet nobelprismodtager i økonomi, Ronald Coase, under hans tid på London School of Economics, SUNY at Buffalo, University of Virginia og University of Chicago. Det blev udviklet mens Coase overvejede regulering af radiofrekvenser.

Litteratur Rediger

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  • Merrill, Thomas W.; Smith, Henry E. (2017). Property: Principles and Policies. University Casebook Series (3rd udgave). St. Paul: Foundation Press. ISBN 978-1-62810-102-7.
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  • Thaler, Richard (2015). Misbehaving. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0393352795
  • United States v. Carroll Towing Co., 159 F.2d 169.
  • Wright, Richard W. (2003). "Hand, Posner, and the Myth of the 'Hand Formula'". Theoretical Inquiries in Law. 4: 145. doi:10.2139/ssrn.362800.