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==Økonomi==
[[File:Australian Treasury.JPG|thumb|Mange af Canberras indbyggere er ansat i statslige institutioner som Finansministeriet.|alt=]]
 
I maj 2012 var arbejdsløsheden i Canberra 3,.4%, hvilket var lavere end det nationale gennemsnit på 5,1%.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by%20Subject/1367.0~2012~Main%20Features~Unemployment%20Rate~9.4|title=1367.0 State and Territory Statistical Indicators – Unemplyment rate: ABS |date=12 June 2012|publisher=[[Australian Bureau of Statistics]]|accessdate=6 July 2012}}</ref> På grund af den lave arbejdsløshed og mange jobs i den offentlige sektor og erhvervslivet har Canberras indbyggere den højeste gennemsnitlige disponible indkomst i nogen af de større australske byer.<ref>{{cite web | publisher=[[Australian Bureau of Statistics]] | url=http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Previousproducts/D1427AE6A791C71CCA2570D700081161?opendocument | title=ACT Stats, 2005 |date=12 September 2005| accessdate=13 May 2010 }}</ref> Den ugentlige bruttoløn i Canberra var 1702 AUD mod det nationale gennemsnit på 1486 AUD (maj 2013).<ref>{{cite web|publisher=[[Australian Bureau of Statistics]] |date=15 August 2013 |url=http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Latestproducts/6302.0Main%20Features1May%202013?opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=6302.0&issue=May%202013&num=&view= |title=6302.0 – Average Weekly Earnings, Australia, May 2013 |accessdate=4 November 2013 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131021044653/http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs%40.nsf/Latestproducts/6302.0Main%20Features1May%202013?opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=6302.0&issue=May%202013&num=&view= |archivedate=21 October 2013 |df= }}</ref>
 
The median house price in Canberra as of September 2009 was $511,820, lower than only Sydney among capital cities of more than 100,000 people, having surpassed Melbourne and Perth since 2005.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/10/29/2727042.htm | title=House prices surge as rate hike looms |publisher=Australian Broadcasting Corporation | accessdate=13 May 2010 | last=Janda |first=Michael | date=29 October 2009 }}</ref><ref>{{cite web
|publisher=Real Estate Institute of Australia |url=http://www.reiaustralia.com.au/media/releases.asp |title= It's official: the property market has cooled |date=9 September 2010 |accessdate=7 June 2010| archiveurl = https://web.archive.org/web/20080719140035/http://reiaustralia.com.au/media/releases.asp| archivedate = 19 July 2008}}</ref> The median weekly rent paid by Canberra residents is higher than rents in all other states and territories.<ref>{{cite web | publisher=[[Australian Bureau of Statistics]] | year=2004 | title=Census of Population and Housing Australia in Profile A Regional Analysis| url=http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/ca79f63026ec2e9cca256886001514d7/18a06e9e1296fb71ca2568a900143a6b!OpenDocument | accessdate=13 May 2010 }}</ref> As of January 2014 the median unit rent in Canberra was $410 per week and median housing rent was $460, making the city the third most expensive in the country.<ref>{{cite news |url=http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/act-still-expensive-place-to-live-despite-fall-in-rent-prices-20140115-30vk8.html|date=16 January 2014 |archivedate=8 March 2014 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140308020955/http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/act-still-expensive-place-to-live-despite-fall-in-rent-prices-20140115-30vk8.html|publisher=Fairfax Media |newspaper=The Canberra Times|first=Meredith|last=Clisby | title=ACT still expensive place to live despite fall in rent prices}}</ref> Factors contributing to this higher weekly rental market include; higher average weekly incomes, restricted land supply,<ref>All of the land in the ACT land is held by the government.</ref> and inflationary clauses in the ACT Residential Tenancies Act.<ref>s68 allows for an annual increase linked to a Rental Housing CPI index, which is usually significantly higher than CPI. For 2008 this deems an increase up to 10.12% as not excessive on the face of it.</ref>
 
The city's main industry is public administration and safety, which accounted for 29.8% of Gross Territory Product in 2011–12 and employed 33.9% of Canberra's workforce.<ref>{{cite web|title=Gross State Product 2011–12|publisher=ACT Government Chief Minister and Treasury Directorate, Economics Branch|date=21 November 2012|url=http://www.treasury.act.gov.au/snapshot/GSP.pdf|archivedate=30 July 2013|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130730233343/http://www.treasury.act.gov.au/snapshot/GSP.pdf|accessdate=17 September 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Industry of employment by place of work |publisher=ACT Government Chief Minister and Treasury Directorate |url=http://www.cmd.act.gov.au/policystrategic/actstats/profiles/act/placeofwork |date=28 June 2013 |accessdate=17 September 2013 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130917060755/http://www.cmd.act.gov.au/policystrategic/actstats/profiles/act/placeofwork |archivedate=17 September 2013 }}</ref> The headquarters of many [[Australian Public Service]] agencies are located in Canberra, and Canberra is also host to several [[Australian Defence Force]] establishments, most notably the Australian Defence Force headquarters and {{HMAS|Harman}}, which is a naval communications centre that is being converted into a tri-service, multi-user depot.<ref>{{cite web| url=http://www.navy.gov.au/establishments/hmas-harman | publisher=[[Royal Australian Navy]] | title=HMAS Harman | accessdate=3 April 2013 | year=2008 }}</ref>
 
The former [[Fairbairn Airbase|RAAF Fairbairn]], adjacent to the [[Canberra Airport]] was sold to the operators of the airport,<ref name=fb>{{cite web|url=http://www.awm.gov.au/units/place_1686.asp |title=Fairbairn: Australian War Memorial |publisher=[[Australian War Memorial]] | year=2010 |accessdate=23 April 2010}}</ref> but the base continues to be used for [[RAAF]] VIP flights.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.airforce.gov.au/raafmuseum/research/bases/fairbairn.htm | title= RAAF Museum Fairbairn | publisher=[[RAAF Museum]] | year=2009 | accessdate=13 May 2010 }}</ref><ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.airforce.gov.au/raafmuseum/research/units/34sqn.htm | title=No 34 Squadron | publisher=[[RAAF Museum]] | year=2009 | accessdate=13 May 2010 }}</ref> A growing number of software vendors have based themselves in Canberra, to capitalise on the concentration of government customers; these include [[Tower Software]] and [[RuleBurst]].<ref>{{cite web|title=USFTA begins to reap results |date=15 January 2007 |work=[[Australian Financial Review]] |last=Sutherland |first=Tracy |url=http://www.tradewatch.org.au/AUSFTA/Article43.html |accessdate=17 June 2010 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20091013075812/http://www.tradewatch.org.au/AUSFTA/Article43.html |archivedate=13 October 2009 }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.theaustralian.com.au/australian-it/hp-bids-for-tower-software/story-e6frgamo-1111115951854 |title=HP bids for Tower Software |last=Sharma|first=Mahesh |work=The Australian |date=2 April 2008 |accessdate=17 June 2010}}</ref> A consortium of private and government investors is making plans for a billion-dollar data hub, with the aim of making Canberra a leading centre of such activity in the Asia-Pacific region.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.theaustralian.com.au/australian-it/canberra-a-data-hub-target/story-e6frgamo-1111114545957|title=HP bids for Tower Software |last=Colley|first=Andrew|work=The Australian |date=2 October 2007 |accessdate=17 June 2010}}</ref>
 
==Sustainability and environment==
[[File:Floriade Canberra ACT.JPG|thumb|[[Floriade (Canberra)|Floriade]] is held in [[Commonwealth Park]] every spring. It is the largest flower festival in the Southern Hemisphere, employing and encouraging environmental practises, including the use of [[green energy]].<ref name="floriadeaustralia" />]]
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