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Australian Open-mesterskabet i herredouble

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Australian Open-mesterskabet i herredouble er en tennisturnering, der afholdes én gang årligt som en del af Australian Open. Turneringen er siden 1988 blevet afviklet i Melbourne Park i Melbourne, Australien, hvor kampene spilles på hardcourt-baner af typen Plexicushion.[1] Australian Open spilles over to uger fra midten af januar og er den første af de fire grand slam-turneringer i kalenderåret.

Australian Open-mesterskabet
i herredouble
Arrangement
Grundlagt 1905
Arrangør Tennis Australia
Spillested Nyt sted hvert år (1905-71)
Kooyong Lawn Tennis Club (1972-87)
Melbourne Park (1988-nu)
Værtsby Melbourne (1905, 1911, 1914, 1924, 1927, 1930,
  1933, 1935, 1939, 1948, 1950, 1953, 1957, 1961,
  1965, 1968, 1972-nu)

Sydney (1908, 1919, 1922, 1925, 1928, 1931, 1934,
  1937, 1940, 1947, 1951, 1954, 1958, 1962, 1966,
  1970, 1971)

Adelaide (1910, 1920, 1926, 1929, 1932, 1936, 1938,
  1946, 1949, 1952, 1955, 1959, 1963, 1967)

Brisbane (1907, 1915, 1923, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1969)
Perth (1909, 1913, 1921)
Christchurch (1906)
Hastings (1912)
Underlag Græs (1905-1987)
Hardcourt (1988-nu)
 - Rebound Ace (1988-2007)
 - Plexicushion (2008-nu)
Præmiesum A$ 3.216.000  (2018)
ATP World Tour
Kategori Grand slam
Flest titler
Herredouble Adrian Quist (10)
Senest opdateret: 29. januar 2018

Mesterskabet blev spillet første gang i 1905 under navnet Australasian Championships. I 1927 ændredes navnet til Australian Championships. Ved begyndelsen af den åbne æra, hvor professionelle spillere også fik lov at deltage, ændredes navnet til Australian Open. Mesterskabet blev ikke spillet i perioden 1916-18 på grund af første verdenskrig og i 1940-45 på grund af anden verdenskrig.[2][3]

Turneringens termin er blevet ændret flere gange. I 1977 blev den flyttet fra januar til december, hvilket medførte to turneringer i 1977: en i januar og en i december.[4] Og udgaven, der var planlagt afholdt i december 1986, blev flyttet til januar 1987, og derfor blev der ikke spillet Australian Open i kalenderåret 1986.[5][6]

Indholdsfortegnelse

HistorieRediger

Australian Open er blevet spillet i flere forskellige byer: Christchurch og Hastings i New Zealand, samt Perth, Brisbane, Adelaide, Sydney og Melbourne i Australien. Begivenheden blev afholdt i en ny by hvert år, indtil Melbourne blev valgt som fast værtsby fra og med 1972, hvorefter turneringen hvert år blev spillet i Kooyong Lawn Tennis Club, indtil den flyttede til Melbourne Park i 1988.[2]

Indtil 1988 var turneringen udelukkende blevet spillet på græsbaner, men i forbindelse med flytningen fra Kooyong til Melbourne Park blev turneringens underlag skiftet til hardcourt-typen Rebound Ace. I 2008 skiftede man imidlertid til en ny hardcourt-type: Plexicushion.[2][7][8]

Vindere og finalisterRediger

Australasian Championships
År Mester Finalist Resultat
1905   Randolph Lycett (1)
  Tom Tachell (1)
  Edgar T. Barnard
  Basil Spence
11–9, 8–6, 1–6, 4–6, 6–1
1906   Rodney Heath (1)
  Tony Wilding (1)
  Harry Parker
  Cecil Cleve Cox
6–2, 6–4, 6–2
1907   William Gregg (1)
  Harry Parker (1)
  Horace Rice
  George Wright
6–2, 3–6, 6–2, 6–2
1908   Fred Alexander (1)
  Alfred Dunlop (1)
  Granville G. Sharp
  Tony Wilding
6–3, 6–2, 6–1
1909   J.P. Keane (1)
  Ernie Parker (1)
  Tom Crooks
  Tony Wilding
1–6, 6–1, 6–1, 9–7
1910   Ashley Campbell (1)
  Horace Rice (1)
  Rodney Heath
  John L. Odea
6–3, 6–3, 6–2
1911   Rodney Heath (2)
  Randolph Lycett (2)
  John Addison
  Norman Brookes
6–2, 7–5, 6–0
1912   James Cecil Parke (1)
  Charles Dixon (1)
  Alfred Beamish
  Gordon Lowe
6–4, 6–4, 6–2
1913   Alf Hedeman (1)
  Ernie Parker (2)
  Harry Parker
  Ray Taylor
8–6, 4–6, 6–4, 6–4
1914   Ashley Campbell (2)
  Gerald Patterson (1)
  Rodney Heath
  Arthur O'Hara Wood
7–5, 3–6, 6–3, 6–3
1915   Horace Rice (2)
  Clarence V. Todd (1)
  Gordon Lowe
  Bert St. John
8–6, 6–4, 7–9, 6–3
1916-18 Ingen turneringer pga. første verdenskrig
1919   Pat O'Hara Wood (1)
  Ron Thomas (1)
  James Anderson
  Arthur Lowe
7–5, 6–1, 7–9, 3–6, 6–3
1920   Pat O'Hara Wood (2)
  Ron Thomas (2)
  Horace Rice
  Ray Taylor
6–1, 6–0, 7–5
1921   Sidney H. Eaton (1)
  Rhys Gemmell (1)
  N. Brearley
  Edward Stokes
7–5, 6–3, 6–3
1922   John Hawkes (1)
  Gerald Patterson (2)
  James Anderson
  Norman Peach
8–10, 6–0, 6–0, 7–5
1923   Pat O'Hara Wood (3)
  Bert St. John (1)
  Dudley Bullough
  Horace Rice
6–4, 6–3, 3–6, 6–0
1924   James Anderson (1)
  Norman Brookes (1)
  Pat O'Hara Wood
  Gerald Patterson
6–2, 6–4, 6–3
1925   Pat O'Hara Wood (4)
  Gerald Patterson (3)
  James Anderson
  Fred Kalms
6–4, 8–6, 7–5
1926   John Hawkes (2)
  Gerald Patterson (4)
  James Anderson
  Pat O'Hara Wood
6–1, 6–4, 6–2
Australian Championships
År Mester Finalist Resultat
1927   John Hawkes (3)
  Gerald Patterson (5)
  Pat O'Hara Wood
  Ian McInness
8–6, 6–2, 6–1
1928   Jean Borotra (1)
  Jacques Brugnon (1)
  James Willard
  Edgar Moon
6–2, 4–6, 6–4, 6–4
1929   Jack Crawford (1)
  Harry Hopman (1)
  Jack Cummings
  Edgar Moon
6–1, 6–8, 4–6, 6–1, 6–3
1930   Jack Crawford (2)
  Harry Hopman (2)
  John Hawkes
  Tim Fitchett
8–6, 6–1, 2–6, 6–3
1931   Charles Donohoe (1)
  Ray Dunlop (1)
  Jack Crawford
  Harry Hopman
8–6, 6–2, 5–7, 7–9, 6–4
1932   Jack Crawford (3)
  Edgar Moon (1)
  Harry Hopman
  Gerald Patterson
12–10, 6–3, 4–6, 6–4
1933   Keith Gledhill (1)
  Ellsworth Vines (1)
  Jack Crawford
  Edgar Moon
6–4, 10–8, 6–2
1934   Pat Hughes (1)
  Fred Perry (1)
  Adrian Quist
  Don Turnbull
6–8, 6–3, 6–4, 3–6, 6–3
1935   Jack Crawford (4)
  Vivian McGrath (1)
  Pat Hughes
  Fred Perry
6–4, 8–6, 6–2
1936   Adrian Quist (1)
  Don Turnbull (1)
  Jack Crawford
  Vivian McGrath
6–8, 6–2, 6–1, 3–6, 6–2
1937   Adrian Quist (2)
  Don Turnbull (2)
  John Bromwich
  Jack Harper
6–2, 9–7, 1–6, 6–8, 6–4
1938   John Bromwich (1)
  Adrian Quist (3)
  Gottfried von Cramm
  Henner Henkel
7–5, 6–4, 6–0
1939   John Bromwich (2)
  Adrian Quist (4)
  Colin Long
  Don Turnbull
6–4, 7–5, 6–2
1940   John Bromwich (3)
  Adrian Quist (5)
  Jack Crawford
  Vivian McGrath
6–3, 7–5, 6–1
1941-45 Ingen turneringer pga. anden verdenskrig
1946   John Bromwich (4)
  Adrian Quist (6)
  Max Newcombe
  Leonard Schwartz
6–3, 6–1, 9–7
1947   John Bromwich (5)
  Adrian Quist (7)
  Frank Sedgman
  George Worthington
6–1, 6–3, 6–1
1948   John Bromwich (6)
  Adrian Quist (8)
  Frank Sedgman
  Colin Long
1–6, 6–8, 9–7, 6–3, 8–6
1949   John Bromwich (7)
  Adrian Quist (9)
  Geoffrey Brown
  Bill Sidwell
1–6, 7–5, 6–2, 6–3
1950   John Bromwich (8)
  Adrian Quist (10)
  Jaroslav Drobný
  Eric Sturgess
6–3, 5–7, 4–6, 6–3, 8–6
1951   Frank Sedgman (1)
  Ken McGregor (1)
  John Bromwich
  Adrian Quist
11–9, 2–6, 6–3, 4–6, 6–3
1952   Frank Sedgman (2)
  Ken McGregor (2)
  Don Candy
  Mervyn Rose
6–4, 7–5, 6–3
1953   Lew Hoad (1)
  Ken Rosewall (1)
  Don Candy
  Mervyn Rose
9–11, 6–4, 10–8, 6–4
1954   Mervyn Rose (1)
  Rex Hartwig (1)
  Neale Fraser
  Clive Wilderspin
6–3, 6–4, 6–2
1955   Vic Seixas (1)
  Tony Trabert (1)
  Lew Hoad
  Ken Rosewall
6–3, 6–2, 2–6, 3–6, 6–1
1956   Lew Hoad (2)
  Ken Rosewall (2)
  Don Candy
  Mervyn Rose
10–8, 13–11, 6–4
1957   Neale Fraser (1)
  Lew Hoad (3)
  Malcolm Anderson
  Ashley Cooper
6–3, 8–6, 6–4
1958   Ashley Cooper (1)
  Neale Fraser (2)
  Roy Emerson
  Bob Mark
7–5, 6–8, 3–6, 6–3, 7–5
1959   Rod Laver (1)
  Bob Mark (1)
  Don Candy
  Robert Howe
9–7, 6–4, 6–2
1960   Rod Laver (2)
  Bob Mark (2)
  Roy Emerson
  Neale Fraser
1–6, 6–2, 6–4, 6–4
1961   Rod Laver (3)
  Bob Mark (3)
  Roy Emerson
  Martin Mulligan
6–3, 7–5, 3–6, 9–11, 6–2
1962   Roy Emerson (1)
  Neale Fraser (3)
  Bob Hewitt
  Fred Stolle
4–6, 4–6, 6–1, 6–4, 11–9
1963   Bob Hewitt (1)
  Fred Stolle (1)
  Ken Fletcher
  John Newcombe
6–2, 3–6, 6–3, 3–6, 6–3
1964   Bob Hewitt (2)
  Fred Stolle (2)
  Roy Emerson
  Ken Fletcher
6–4, 7–5, 3–6, 4–6, 14–12
1965   John Newcombe (1)
  Tony Roche (1)
  Roy Emerson
  Fred Stolle
3–6, 4–6, 13–11, 6–3, 6–4
1966   Roy Emerson (2)
  Fred Stolle (3)
  John Newcombe
  Tony Roche
7–9, 6–3, 6–8, 14–12, 12–10
1967   John Newcombe (2)
  Tony Roche (2)
  Bill Bowrey
  Owen Davidson
3–6, 6–3, 7–5, 6–8, 8–6
1968   Dick Crealy (1)
  Allan Stone (1)
  Terry Addison
  Ray Keldie
10–8, 6–4, 6–3
Australian Open
År Mester Finalist Resultat
1969   Rod Laver (4)
  Roy Emerson (3)
  Ken Rosewall
  Fred Stolle
6–4, 6–4
1970   Bob Lutz (1)
  Stan Smith (1)
  John Alexander
  Phil Dent
8–6, 6–3, 6–4
1971   John Newcombe (3)
  Tony Roche (3)
  Tom Okker
  Marty Riessen
6–2, 7–6
1972   Ken Rosewall (3)
  Owen Davidson (1)
  Ross Case
  Geoff Masters
3–6, 7–6, 6–2
1973   John Newcombe (4)
  Malcolm Anderson (1)
  John Alexander
  Phil Dent
6–3, 6–4, 7–6
1974   Ross Case (1)
  Geoff Masters (1)
  Syd Ball
  Bob Giltinan
6–7, 6–3, 6–4
1975   John Alexander (1)
  Phil Dent (1)
  Bob Carmichael
  Allan Stone
6–3, 7–6
1976   John Newcombe (5)
  Tony Roche (4)
  Ross Case
  Geoff Masters
7–6, 6–4
1977 jan.   Arthur Ashe (1)
  Tony Roche (5)
  Charlie Pasarell
  Erik Van Dillen
6–4, 6–4
1977 dec.   Ray Ruffels (1)
  Allan Stone (2)
  John Alexander
  Phil Dent
7–6, 7–6
1978   Wojtek Fibak (1)
  Kim Warwick (1)
  Paul Kronk
  Cliff Letcher
7–6, 7–5
1979   Peter McNamara (1)
  Paul McNamee (1)
  Paul Kronk
  Cliff Letcher
7–6, 6–2
1980   Mark Edmondson (1)
  Kim Warwick (2)
  Peter McNamara
  Paul McNamee
7–5, 6–4
1981   Mark Edmondson (2)
  Kim Warwick (3)
  Hank Pfister
  John Sadri
6–3, 6–7, 6–3
1982   John Alexander (2)
  John Fitzgerald (1)
  Andy Andrews
  John Sadri
6–4, 7–6
1983   Mark Edmondson (3)
  Paul McNamee (2)
  Steve Denton
  Sherwood Stewart
6–3, 7–6
1984   Mark Edmondson (4)
  Sherwood Stewart (1)
  Joakim Nyström
  Mats Wilander
6–2, 6–2, 7–5
1985   Paul Annacone (1)
  Christo van Rensburg (1)
  Mark Edmondson
  Kim Warwick
3–6, 7–6, 6–4, 6–4
1986 Ingen turnering. Termin flyttet fra december til januar.
1987   Stefan Edberg (1)
  Anders Järryd (1)
  Peter Doohan
  Laurie Warder
6–4, 6–4, 7–6
1988   Rick Leach (1)
  Jim Pugh (1)
  Jeremy Bates
  Peter Lundgren
6–3, 6–2, 6–3
1989   Rick Leach (2)
  Jim Pugh (2)
  Darren Cahill
  Mark Kratzmann
6–4, 6–4, 6–4
1990   Pieter Aldrich (1)
  Danie Visser (1)
  Grant Connell
  Glenn Michibata
6–4, 4–6, 6–1, 6–4
1991   Scott Davis (1)
  David Pate (1)
  Patrick McEnroe
  David Wheaton
6–7, 7–6, 6–3, 7–5
1992   Todd Woodbridge (1)
  Mark Woodforde (1)
  Kelly Jones
  Rick Leach
6–4, 6–3, 6–4
1993   Danie Visser (2)
  Laurie Warder (1)
  John Fitzgerald
  Anders Järryd
6–4, 6–3, 6–4
1994   Jacco Eltingh (1)
  Paul Haarhuis (1)
  Byron Black
  Jonathan Stark
6–7, 6–3, 6–4, 6–3
1995   Jared Palmer (1)
  Richey Reneberg (1)
  Mark Knowles
  Daniel Nestor
6–3, 3–6, 6–3, 6–2
1996   Stefan Edberg (2)
  Petr Korda (1)
  Sébastien Lareau
  Alex O'Brien
7–5, 7–5, 4–6, 6–1
1997   Todd Woodbridge (2)
  Mark Woodforde (2)
  Sébastien Lareau
  Alex O'Brien
4–6, 7–5, 7–5, 6–3
1998   Jonas Björkman (1)
  Jacco Eltingh (2)
  Todd Woodbridge
  Mark Woodforde
6–2, 5–7, 2–6, 6–4, 6–3
1999   Jonas Björkman (2)
  Patrick Rafter (1)
  Leander Paes
  Mahesh Bhupathi
6–3, 4–6, 6–4, 6–7(10–12), 6–4
2000   Ellis Ferreira (1)
  Rick Leach (3)
  Wayne Black
  Andrew Kratzmann
6–4, 3–6, 6–3, 3–6, 18–16
2001   Jonas Björkman (3)
  Todd Woodbridge (3)
  Byron Black
  David Prinosil
6–1, 5–7, 6–4, 6–4
2002   Mark Knowles (1)
  Daniel Nestor (1)
  Fabrice Santoro
  Michaël Llodra
7–6(7–4), 6–3
2003   Fabrice Santoro (1)
  Michaël Llodra (1)
  Mark Knowles
  Daniel Nestor
6–4, 3–6, 6–3
2004   Fabrice Santoro (2)
  Michaël Llodra (2)
  Mike Bryan
  Bob Bryan
7–6(7–4), 6–3
2005   Wayne Black (1)
  Kevin Ullyett (1)
  Mike Bryan
  Bob Bryan
6–4, 6–4
2006   Mike Bryan (1)
  Bob Bryan (1)
  Martin Damm
  Leander Paes
4–6, 6–3, 6–4
2007   Mike Bryan (2)
  Bob Bryan (2)
  Max Mirnyi
  Jonas Björkman
7–5, 7–5
2008   Jonathan Erlich (1)
  Andy Ram (1)
  Arnaud Clément
  Michaël Llodra
7–5, 7–6(7–4)
2009   Mike Bryan (3)
  Bob Bryan (3)
  Mahesh Bhupathi
  Mark Knowles
2–6, 7–5, 6–0
2010   Mike Bryan (4)
  Bob Bryan (4)
  Daniel Nestor
  Nenad Zimonjić
6–3, 6–7(5–7), 6–3
2011   Mike Bryan (5)
  Bob Bryan (5)
  Mahesh Bhupathi
  Leander Paes
6–3, 6–4
2012   Leander Paes (1)
  Radek Štěpánek (1)
  Mike Bryan
  Bob Bryan
7–6(7–1), 6–2
2013   Mike Bryan (6)
  Bob Bryan (6)
  Robin Haase
  Igor Sijsling
6–3, 6–4
2014   Łukasz Kubot (1)
  Robert Lindstedt (1)
  Eric Butorac
  Raven Klaasen
6–3, 6–3
2015   Simone Bolelli (1)
  Fabio Fognini (1)
  Pierre-Hugues Herbert
  Nicolas Mahut
6–4, 6–4
2016   Jamie Murray (1)
  Bruno Soares (1)
  Daniel Nestor
  Radek Štepánek
2−6, 6−4, 7−5
2017   Henri Kontinen (1)
  John Peers (1)
  Bob Bryan
  Mike Bryan
7−5, 7−5
2018   Oliver Marach (1)
  Mate Pavić (1)
  Juan Sebastián Cabal
  Robert Farah
6−4, 6−4
2019   Pierre-Hugues Herbert (1)
  Nicolas Mahut (1)
  Henri Kontinen
  John Peers
6−4, 7−6(7–1)

StatistikRediger

Spillere med flest titlerRediger

 
Adrian Quist er med 10 titler den mest vindende doublespiller ved Australian Open
Spiller Amatør-æra Åben æra Total Vinderår
  Adrian Quist 10 - 10 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950
  John Bromwich 8 - 8 1938, 1939, 1940, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950
  Bob Bryan - 6 6 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013
  Mike Bryan - 6 6 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2013
  Gerald Patterson 5 - 5 1914, 1922, 1925, 1926, 1927
  John Newcombe 2 3 5 1965, 1967, 1971, 1973, 1976
  Tony Roche 2 3 5 1965, 1967, 1971, 1976, 1977 jan.
  Pat O'Hara Wood 4 - 4 1919, 1920, 1923, 1925
  Jack Crawford 4 - 4 1929, 1930, 1932, 1935
  Rod Laver 3 1 4 1959, 1960, 1961, 1969
  Mark Edmondson - 4 4 1980, 1981, 1983, 1984
  John Hawkes 3 - 3 1922, 1926, 1927
  Lew Hoad 3 - 3 1953, 1956, 1957
  Bob Mark 3 - 3 1959, 1960, 1961
  Neale Fraser 3 - 3 1957, 1958, 1962
  Fred Stolle 3 - 3 1963, 1964, 1966
  Roy Emerson 2 1 3 1962, 1966, 1969
  Kim Warwick - 3 3 1978, 1980, 1981
  Todd Woodbridge - 3 3 1992, 1997, 2001
  Jonas Björkman - 3 3 1998, 1999, 2001

RekorderRediger

  Tekst mangler, hjælp os med at skrive teksten

Eksterne henvisningerRediger

NoterRediger

  1. ^ "Tournament profile - Australian Open". atpworldtour.com (ATP Tour, Inc.). Hentet 2009-07-05. 
  2. ^ a b c Foenander, Tristan. "History of the Australian Open – the Grand Slam of Asia/Pacific". australianopen.com (IBM, Tennis Australia). Hentet 2009-07-01. 
  3. ^ "Grand Slam Tournaments - Australian Open" (PDF). usta.com (United States Tennis Association). Hentet 2009-07-01. 
  4. ^ "1977 Grand Slam calendar". atpworldtour.com (ATP Tour, Inc.). Hentet 2009-07-01. 
  5. ^ "1986 Grand Slam calendar". atpworldtour.com (ATP Tour, Inc.). Hentet 2009-07-01. 
  6. ^ "Australian Open - History - Year-by-year". australianopen.com (IBM, Tennis Australia). Hentet 2009-07-01. 
  7. ^ Schlink, Leo (2008-01-14). "Plexicushion replaces Rebound Ace at Australian Open". Herald Sun (The Herald and Weekly Times). Hentet 2009-07-01. 
  8. ^ Bevan, Chris (2008-01-11). "On-court blues for Aussie tennis?". BBC Sport (BBC). Hentet 2009-07-01.